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History of the Vampire

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Sydney Zamojski

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of History of the Vampire

1000 BC
0
2000 AD
2000 BC
1000 AD
History of the Vampire
Mesopotamia - 1800 BC

Lilitu
from ancient Babylonia (Equivalent to Lilith
from the Hebrew culture)
o Depicted taking blood from children and infants
o Also from men at night – succubus
o Much like dracula’s brides and Lucy
• Mesopotamia also had Lamashtu and Gallu who had vampiric
tendencies:
o
Lamashtu:
terrifying blood-sucking creature with a lion's
head and the body of a donkey
o
Gallu:
Child killing, blood sucking demon / spirit

Ancient Greece - 800 BC
o
Empusa:
daughter of the goddess Hecate and was a demonic, bronze-
footed creature that feasted on blood by transforming into a young
woman and seducing men as they slept
o
Lamia
: daughter of King Belus who earned the disfavour of Hera and
was cursed with infertility. Lamia swore vengeance and preyed on
young children in their beds at night, sucking their blood
o
Striges:
feasted on children, but also preyed on young men. Had the
bodies of crows or birds. Were later incorporated into Roman mythology
as
strix
, a kind of nocturnal bird that fed on human flesh and blood
o Any ghosts who wished to speak with the living. In order to become
corporal, they must consume blood
 In Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus must sacrifice animals while
in Hades in order to communicate with the shades

Romania - 100 AD
Vlad the Impaler
o 1431-1476
o Vlad III Tepes (Tepes means impaler)
o Father was a apart of the order of the dragon which
is where he earned his full name: Vlad II Dracul
o Gained nickname from his favourite method of
execution
o Born in Transylvania
o Ascended to the throne of Wallachia after his father
o Estimated victim count of 40 000 to 100 000
o Betrays and kills his brother, Radu

Elizabeth Báthory
o 1560-1614
o Hungarian
o Known as the most prolific female serial killer
o Known as the “Blood Countess”
o Found guilty on 80 counts of murder but
estimated to have has a body count of up to
650 victims
o Rumoured to have bathed in the blood of her
victims in order to maintain her youth. Began
the idea of immortality in vampires

Etymology
Sydney Zamojski
Abraham "Bram" Stoker
1847 - 1912
Was ill as a child with an unknown disease
Was bedridden and spent most time reading
Had a great love of theater
Befriended Ármin Vámbéry,
a Hungarian traveler
Spent several years studying European folklore
Wrote over 20 pieces ranging from fiction novels, short-story collections, and non-fiction books
Most novels remained in the
thriller / horror genre
Dracula
Excerpt
1897
Story of the Transylvannian Count Dracula attempting to move to England
Faces a group of men and women attempting to stop the spread of vampirism
Group consists of Jonathon Harker, Mina Murray, Lucy Westeras, Jack Seward, Abraham Van Helsing, Quincy Morris, and Arthur Holmwood
“His face was a strong – a very strong – aquiline, with high bridge of the thin nose and peculiarly arched nostrils; with lofty domed forehead, and hair growing scantily round the temples, but profusely elsewhere. His eyebrows were very massive, almost meeting over the nose, and with bushy hair that seemed to curl in its own profusion. The mouth, so far as I could see it under the heavy moustache, was fixed and rather cruel-looking, with peculiarly sharp white teeth; these protruded over the lips, whose remarkable ruddiness showed astonishing vitality in a man of his years. For the rest, his ears were pale and at the tops extremely pointed; the chin was broad and strong, and the cheeks firm though thin. The general effect was one of extraordinary pallor.” (Stoker 19-20)
Comparison
Similar to Hamlet
Protagonist is driven by revenge

Hamlet's actions are all driven by a desire for revenge against his fathers' killer - Claudius
Mina, Van Helsing, and the rest of the heroes are focused on killing Dracula because he infected and killed their friend, Lucy

In both novels the story is focused on the protagonists plotting for revenge against the villain
In both tales, the protagonists prevail and achieve justice
Strigoi
o Immortal
o Folklore dates back to Ancient Rome
o Troubled souls of the dead risen from the grave. Some strigoi can be corporal or incorporeal beings. Can have the ability to transform into an animal, the power of invisibility, and the capability to drain the vitality of victims via blood loss.
o Three types of Strigoi
• The strigoi mort: most similar to a vampire – a
dead creature that feeds off the life of others
• The strigoi viu: Sorcerer
• The strigoaică: Witch

Moroi and Mullo
o Moroi
• Mortal
• Feed off the living
• Several varying myths
 Children of two Strigoi
 Servants of a Strigoi
o Mullo
• Return from the dead to reek havoc among the living
and to drink human blood, most often that of a
relative or the person who had caused their death

Ways of Becoming a Vampire
o If a child were to be:
 Born with a physical mutation
 The seventh boy / girl born to a family
 Born out of wed-lock
 Born with red hair and blue eyes
or if a pregnant woman were to lookupon a witch or
vampire that child would be destined to become a
vampire after it dies


Modes of Prevention
o Coffins were nailed shut with more nails than necessary
o Stakes were driven through the hearts of the deceased
o Completely remove the hearts of the deceased
o Burn the corpses of the dead, mix the ashes with water, and then consume it
o Graves we dug up years after the person was buried in order to ensure that they did not contract vampirism
Film Adaptations
o Over 25 film adaptations of the novel as well as television series
o F.W. Murnau's 1922 "Nosferatu"
o Todd Browning's 1931 "Dracula"
o Francis Ford Coppola's 1992 "Bram Stoker's Dracula"
The Oxford English Dictionary states that the first use of the word vampire in its English from dates back to 1734. The word was used in a travelogue titled
Travels of Three English Gentlemen
.
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