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Police Brutality

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Aidan Quigley

on 22 November 2014

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Transcript of Police Brutality

Urban Violence:
Problem: Police Force Lies Above the Law
Police Perspective
2012 Study of Criminal Justice Policy Review
America has more guns per capita and overall than any country on earth. It has a homicide rate far exceeding that of other developed countries
Philanthropic Approaches
Social Justice
Invest in Police Education & Training
Policy Making
Eliminate Corruption within System
Introduce Body-worn Cameras

Social Justice
There is an inadequacy and indeterminacy in police use of "force law".
Too many variables are left unknown which gives way to such brutal incidences.
Can be alleviated with proper training and education.
Currently, less than hour of instruction are applied to ethics and integrity, cultural diversity, use of non-lethal weapons, stress prevention, bias crimes, and conflict management. (US Department of Justice)
Support of groups such as COPS

African American
1. Freedom
2. Safety
3. Justice
Data on deaths of African Americans by Police
Largest age group affected
1. Equality
2. Constitutionality
3. Safety

Police education and training
Policy making
Fair and even trail without
corruption for police officers

Ferguson: Overview
Data on Deaths by Police
According to recent study in 2012, Police officers, security guards, or self-appointed vigilantes extrajudicially killed at least 313 African-Americans. The report notes that it's possible that the real number could be much higher, due to those cases not reported.
Largest Age Group Affected
Chicago (highest rates)
none found
Of the 313 killed, 124 (40%) were between 22 and 31 years old, 57 (18%) were between 18 and 21 years old, 54 (17%) were between 32 and 41 years old, 32 (10%) were 42 to 51 years old, 25 (8%) were children younger than 18 years old, 18 (6%) were older than 52, and 3 (1%) were of unknown ages.

young black males 21 x more likely to get shot
31.17 per million vs 1.47 per million
solid numbers actually show it
Multiple studies have found white and black people use marijuana at similar rates. Given there are 6.5 times as many white people in America, equality of policing would lead one to expect white people to be arrested 6.5 times as much. Not true.

As a 2013 New York Times story put it: "Black Americans were nearly four times as likely as whites to be arrested on charges of marijuana possession in 2010, even though the two groups used the drug at similar rates, according to new federal data."
Michael Brown (18)
Ferguson, Missouri
Brown & friend walked down sidewalk and apparently refused to move, then attempted to enter the police car resulting in multiple shots fired to the death
unrest from the black community --> outbreak
In Depth
feel of extreme discrimination --> previous longstanding tension between whites and blacks
questioning of use of deadly force
claims of Brown surrendering
main concerns: insensitivity, tactics and military response
found this site with info more on where it happens http://quietmike.org/2014/07/16/police-brutality-statistics/
US versus THEM
"A small Portion of officers are responsible for a large portion of force incidents and officers who frequently use force differ in important and significant ways from officers who use force less often (or not at all)."
Small Arms Survey (2007)
US with 90 guns per 100 residents
Serbia with 58.2 guns per 100 residents
France 31.2 guns per 100 residents
England 6.2 guns per 100 residents
United Nations office on Drugs and Crime
4.7 intential homicides per 100,000 people per year in the US
1 intential homicide per 100,000 people per year in UK
US had 14,827 homicides in 2012
UK had 653 homicides in 2012
Police Interactions
Justice Department
2008 1.4% of people who had contact with police had force used against them or threatened
2011 62.9 million people had contact with police 26.5 thousand complaints
2003 "Neighborhood context and Police use of force"
"perhaps officers do not simply label minority suspects according to what Skolnik termed "symbolic assailants" as much as they label distressed socioeconomic neighborhoods as potential sources of conflicts
Historical Precedent And Conclusion:
Bureau of Justice Statics shows
Violent crime reached all time high in 1991, since then it has been cut nearly in half reaching lowest levels since 1963.
Number of annual police killings from 2005 to 2012 remained stable around 400
Two Perspectives:
Police Officers
African-American Perspective
The Public-Authority Defense puts too much power in the hands of police.
Police Misconduct Provision - makes it unlawful for State or local law enforcement officers to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct that deprives persons of rights protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States.
There is a need to raise awareness and enforce the law.
Introduce new measures that places more accountability within the judicial system.
Supporting civil-rights groups, such as the NAA
Police Perspective
Implement technology such as body-worn cameras.
Many states require two-person consent for recording private conversations
Concerns over security of police officers
Requires re-negotiations with unions
All which require new legislation to be as effective as intended.
Support groups such as COPS, ACLU, and IACP.

Police Brutality
1. African-Americans
2. Police Force

Community Safety
Full transcript