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Castles

Castle hw
by

elias fraser

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Castles

Castles Stone keep castle Curtain wall castle My homework about Castles, in this i will be going over 3 types of castles, the motte and bailey, Stone keep and curtain wall Motte and Bailey castles Because of the danger of fire with a wooden castle like the Motte and Bailey castle, the next castle to replace a Motte and Bailey castle was a Stone Keep. Stone Keeps were first starting to be built around the late part of the 11Th century. These Stone Keeps had very thick stone walls and hardly any windows. Turrets would be used as a view point for soldiers to watch for enemy attackers. The entrance to a Stone Keep was through outside stairs, directly to the first floor of the keep, but the kitchens and the lower hall were on the ground floor. The living quarters and the upper hall were on the floors above. Stone keeps provided a much better defense against attack compared to the old wooden structures. As with a Motte and Bailey castle, the Bailey was located outside the keep but protected by a stone wall instead of a wooden one. Shelters, stables and workshops would be built inside the bailey against the strong stone walls. The keep and the bailey would be surrounded by a moat with a drawbridge for entrance into the bailey and castle for extra protection. The first stone castle was built in of Norwich in the 12Th century by duke William of Normandy The Motte and Bailey castles architecture progressed as time moved on. they had Two mounds of earth witch were built consisting of a high and extremely steep mound which was called the motte.The Bailey was a defended yard which had food and resources in. One of the only entrances to the castle were to huge gates usually protected with guard houses on either side. The motte varied in size from 50 to 120 feet in height and 50 to 300 feet in width. Motte and Bailey Castles were built on the highest ground in the area making it harder for the enemy to attack. Some Motte and Bailey castles had a low wall along the top of the rampart called a parpet.The first motte and bailey castle was made in France 990. The curtain wall was one of the most important ways of defense, its history goes back to the Iron and Bronze Ages. The early curtain walls were made of heavy timbers and were originally called Palisades.but later on the wooden palisades were replaced with stone ones because wood would eventually rot and was easily set on fire unlike the stone. The Curtain was an outer wall which surrounded the Motte bailey castle or Medieval castle buildings. The use of the curtain wall was to protect the interior of the castle. The wall was often connected by towers side by side which could hold castle defenders in. Sometimes arrow slits were in the curtain wall letting castle defenders to safely shoot at any attackers. Built for defense the curtain wall varied in size from 6 - 20 feet thick, up to 45 feet high and up to 1,500 feet long! http://asn.am/cdp/images/concentric-castles-02.jpg Diagram of a motte and bailey castle Diagram of a stone keep castle Diadram of a curtain wall castle Thanks for watching

By Elias Fraser
Full transcript