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Sociology The Beginnings

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melloney owens

on 23 September 2016

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Transcript of Sociology The Beginnings

The Founding Fathers
of Sociology

Auguste Comte
Karl Marx
Herbert Spencer
Max Weber
Emile Durkheim
What event & 4 factors led to the development of sociology as a
distinct field of study?
Industrial Revolution









Sociology developed as a result of
the rapid social & political changes

*factories replaced the cottage industries
Factors
*not enough jobs, housing=
increase in crime & pollution
Factors
*social interaction
was not as personal in the city=
Factors
Factors
*people moved from the country to the city=
rapid growth in urban population
country living
the
BIG
city
V
1. Max Weber
Area of Concern

*interested in separate groups w/in society
3. Emile Durkheim
Area of Concern

*Concerned w/ social order
4. Herbert Spencer
*Area of Concern
* the study of society by applying his idea of Social Darwinism
5. Karl Marx
Area of Concern
*How the economy affects the structure of society
http://rt.com/in-motion/186316-fire-favela-brazil-homeless/ favelas 9-10-14 (500-600 families)

2.Auguste Comte
Area of Concern
*Social Change & Order
6. Karl Marx
Interesting life facts & contributions
*earned PHD. but no teaching job
*editor of newspaper but gov't shut it down
*kicked out of France
*died in poverty and obscurity
7. Herbert Spencer
*interesting life facts & contributions
*was a civil engineer, but inherited $$$=studied society
*influenced by Darwin=his views became known as social Darwinism & *coined survival of the fittest
*practiced cerebral hygiene=unfounded claims
8. Auguste Comte
*Interesting life facts & Contributions
*founder of sociology
*one of 1st to apply methods of physical science to the study of social life
*coined the term sociology
*thrown out of school for taking part in a student protest & never completed college
*practiced "cerebral hygiene"
*suffered from depression and other emotional problems
*most of his ideas have been refuted but concerns are still major issues in sociology
9.Max Weber
*interesting life facts & contributions
*Born to $$$ parents in Prussia
*PHD from U.of Berlin & taught there
10. Emile Durkheim
*interesting life facts & contributions
*taught at Univ. in France=created France's 1st sociology course
*one of 1st sociologist to apply scientific methods to study society
*conducted 1st true sociological study Suicide still used today
11. Max Weber
*Beliefs about Society
*sociologist should go beyond studying what can be directly observed & uncover the feeling & thoughts of the individual
13. Herbert Spencer
*Beliefs about Society
*also believed society is a set of interdependent parts that work together to maintain the system
*believed social change & unrest are natural during a society's evolution towards stability & perfection. =
*Only the fittest societies would survive
12. Emile Durkheim
*Beliefs about Society
*saw society as a set of interdependent parts that maintain the system throughout time
14. Karl Marx
*Beliefs about Society
*The structure of society is influenced by how its economy is organized
15. Auguste Comte
*Beliefs about society
* Social statics (the glue) that hold society together

*Society changes over time through processes= called social dynamics
family
school
religion
Politics
16. Auguste Comte
*Rationale or Process for Beliefs
*believed social statics &social dynamics could be uncovered through scientific research & this info could be used to reform society
17. Herbert Spencer
*Rationale or Process for Beliefs
*Because he believed only the best aspects of society would survive, he thought no steps should be taken to correct social ills=upgrade of the world
18. Emile Durkheim
*Rationale or Process for Beliefs
*He saw the interdependent parts in terms of their
function
(the consequences each part produces to maintain society)
19. Max Weber
*Rationale or Process for Beliefs
*He believed the principle of Verstehen & concept of Ideal type would allow sociologist to uncover the feelings & thoughts of individuals
20. Karl Marx
*Rationale or Process for beliefs
*believed because economy determines the structure of society=society is divided into 2 classes=there is an imbalance of power=rebellion=create a classless society
21. Karl Marx
*Perspective
*Conflict Perspective
22. Emile Durkheim
*Perspective
*Functionalist
23. Auguste Comte
*Perspective
*Functionalist
24.Herbert Spencer
*Perspective
*Functionalist
25. Max Weber
*Perspective
*interactionist
Hitch Speed Dating
26. Max Weber
*Explain Verstehen
*attempt to understand the meaning individuals attach to their actions
27. Max Weber
*Explain Ideal Type
*a description made up of important charcteristics of a feature of society
Functionalist Perspective
Fix

Family
Education
Judical
System
Religion
Elements of Society
*interrelated parts that work together to produce
a stable society
Conflict Perspective
Confirms Why
Competition of Scarce Resources
Those who have it= CONTROL & those who don't
want it=conflict=social change
Interactionist Perspective
Interprets
*how we respond to one another
What meaning do we attach to our own actions and
the actions of others through the use of symbols
What do these Old Dudes
Have in Common?

The Founding Fathers
of the USA

George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
Interactionist Perspective
Interprets
*based on how we interact & the meaning we attach to our actions and the actions of other
Auguste Comte
Karl Marx
Herbert Spencer
Max Weber
Emile Durkheim
What do these
old dudes have
in common?
*social interaction
was not as personal in the city=
Factors
*society truly effected humans=development of sociology
Full transcript