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Voice Communications

Warrior Training Tasks (Skill Level 1-4)
by

SGT Whitley

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Voice Communications

Scaling the adversities to successful communication Voice Communications Obstacles 9 Line Medevac Today Internal Barriers
Lack of listening
Uninteresting
Unimportant
Distraction External Barriers
Environmental distractions
Visual distractions Semantic Barriers
Language barriers B
L
U
F ottom
ine
p
ront AVOID by Solution Radio Etiquette
The Armys' different report's Radio frequency, call sign, and suffix. Special equipment required
A - None
B - Hoist
C - Extraction equipment
D - Ventilator Number of patients
A - Litter
B - Ambulatory Security at pick-up site:
N - No enemy troops in area
P - Possible enemy troops in area (approach with caution)
E - Enemy troops in area (approach with caution)
X - Enemy troops in area (armed escort required)
* In peacetime - number and types of wounds, injuries, and illnesses Method of marking pick-up site:
A - Panels
B - Pyrotechnic signal
C - Smoke signal
D - None
E - Other NBC Contamination
N - Nuclear
B - Biological
C - Chemical
* In peacetime - terrain description of pick-up site P.E. Location of the pick-up site. Number of patients by precedence
A - Urgent
B - Urgent Surgical
C - Priority
D - Routine
E - Convenience Patient nationality and status:
A - US Military
B - US Civilian
C - Non-US Military
D - Non-US Civilian
E - EPW REVIEW When must the MEDEVAC request be encrypted? During wartime when
using nonsecure
communications Authorized brevity codes are obtained from what two sources? The unit SOI and the MEDEVAC Request Format. During wartime which lines of the MEDEVAC request are subject to brevity codes? Lines 3 through 9 What line numbers, as a minimum, must be transmitted during intital contact with the evacuation unit? Line numbers 1 through 5 Task: Request Medical Evacuation Condition's You have a casualty requiring medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) and a patient pickup site. Necessary equipment and materials: operational communications equipment, MEDEVAC request format, a standard scale military map, a grid coordinate scale, and unit signal operation instructions (SOI). Standard's Transmitted a MEDEVAC request, providing all necessary information within 25 seconds. Transmitted, as a minimum, line numbers 1 through 5 during the initial contact with the evacuation unit. Transmitted lines 6 through 9 while the aircraft or vehicle was en route, if not included during initial contact. Report Intelligence Information AKA SPOT REPORT A concise narrative report of essential information covering events or conditions that may have an immediate and significant effect on current planning and operations that is afforded the most expeditious means of transmission consistent with requisite security. Also called SPOTREP. (Note: In reconnaissance and surveillance usage, spot report is not to be used.) What method does the Army use to report a Spot Report?

Does one have to use this method while giving a Spot Report? ?'S DOD S
A
L
U
T
E
IZE

CTIVITY

OCATION

NIFORM

IME

QUIPMENT Report the number of personnel, vehicles, aircraft, or size of an object. SIZE ACTIVITY Report detailed account of actions, for example, direction of movement, troops digging in, artillery fire, type of attack, NBC activity, etc. LOCATION Report where you saw the activity. Include grid coordinates or reference from a known point including the distance and direction from the known point. UNIFORM Report the enemy's unit. If the unit is unknown, report any distinctive features, such as uniforms, patches or colored tabs, headgear, vehicle identification markings, etc. TIME Report the time the activity was observed, not the time you report it. Always report local or Zulu time. Report all equipment associated with the activity, such as weapons, vehicles, tools. If unable to identify the equipment, provide as much detail as you can so an identification can be made by higher headquarters. EQUIPMENT P.E. TASK: Include any additional information not included in the SALUTE format. Report Intelligence Information Condition's You have observed enemy activity, significant terrain, and weather features and must immediately report the activity to your chain of command via radio, wire, cable, or messenger. Standard's Submitted observations in a spot report, using the SALUTE format, to your chain of command, within five minutes of observing enemy activity. You correctly identified six out of six SALUTE items. Two different types of reports 9 Line Medevac
Intelligence Report FM
21-75
FM
8-10-6 Radio Operations Etiquette
Familiarization
Procedures (Zulu time remains in sync with the Naval Observatory Atomic Clock) Radio
Operations Radio
Etiquette Phonetic Alphabet LETTER WORD PRONUNCIATION
A ALPHA AL FAH
B BRAVO BRAH VOH
C CHARLIE CHAR LEE OR SHAR LEE
D DELTA DELL TAH
E ECHO ECH OH
F FOXTROT FOKS TROT
G GOLF GOLF
H HOTEL HOH TELL
I INDIA IN DEE AH
J JULIETT JEW LEE ETT
K KILO KEY LOH
L LIMA LEE MAH
M MIKE MIKE
N NOVEMBER NO VEM BER
O OSCAR OSS CAH
P PAPA PAH PAH
Q QUEBEC KEH BECK
R ROMEO ROW ME OH
S SIERRA SEE AIR RAH
T TANGO TANG GO
U UNIFORM YOU NEE FORM
V VICTOR VIC TAH
W WISKEY WISS KEY
X XRAY ECKS RAY
Y YANKEE YANG KEY
Z ZULU ZOO LOO NUMERICAL PRONUNCIATION NUMERAL SPOKEN AS
0 ZE-RO
1 WUN
2 TOO
3 TREE
4 FOW-ER
5 FIFE
6 SIX
7 SEV-EN
8 AIT
9 NIN-ER NUMERAL SPOKEN AS
44 FOW-ER, FOW-ER
90 NIN-ER, ZE-RO
136 WUN, TREE, SIX
TIME 1200 WUN, TOO, ZE-RO, ZE-RO
1748 WUN, SEV-EN, FOW-ER, AIT
7000 SEV-EN, TOU-SAND
16000 WUN, SIX, TOU-SAND
812681 AIT, WUN, TOO, SIX, AIT, WUN SINCGARS
Familiarization Using proper radio procedures/operations can make the difference in time and security. Decreasing Mission Failure. Capabilities flexible, securable, mobile, and reliable
Radio communications facilities usually can be installed more quickly than wire communications. Thus, radio can be used as a primary means of communications during the initial stages of combat operations.
Radio lends itself to many modes of operation, such as radiotelephone, radiotelegraph, radio teletypewriter (RATT), visual presentation, and data.
All of the modes of operation are securable when required equipment is available Capabilities
&
Limitations Limitations To be capable of operating together, radios must have common or at least some overlapping frequencies.They must transmit and receive the same type signal and must be located within operating range of each other with a clear transmission path.
Radio is the least secure means of communications, and it must be assumed that interception occurs
every time a transmitter is placed in operation. a transmitter and a receiver. Other items necessary for operation include a source of electrical power and an antenna for radiation and reception of radio waves Radio Set Consists of Every transmission should begin with: (who your talking to) THIS IS (who you are)
For example: CERT COMMAND, THIS IS CERTALPHA.
Every transmission should end with: OVER.
To end a whole conversation end with: OUT. (or OVER AND OUT)
When contacted by radio, you should respond with either STANDBY or GOAHEAD.
Any vital information such as street address, number of victims, etc should be confirmed, to make sure you received the entire message. Procedures It is required that you know how to:
Turn on
Load
Clear
Turn off
On a Single Plain Txt Radio P.E. TASK: Radio Operations CONDITION'S Given an operational radio set (SINCGARS, IHFR, VRC-12 series, etc.), with an (SOI), fill device with appropriate fills, and fill cable, TM 11-5820-890-10-8, TM 11-5820-401-10-2, and an operational distant station, adequately perform a radio check. STANDARD's Established voice communications with the distant tactical radio/network within three minutes and perform a proper radio check according to military standard or unit SOP. FM
24-19
FM
6-02.53 REMEMBER
P
A
C
E rimary

lternative

ontingency

mergency
Full transcript