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Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination And Coordinat
Transcript of Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination And Coordinat
Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination And Coordination
PARALLELISM:HOW TO WRITE AND IDENTIFY PARALLEL SENTENCES?
Using parallel sentences make writing clearly, intelligently, efficiently.
passive and active voices
VERB TENSE&SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
In the present tense,to make a verb singular, we usually add an
while to make a noun singular we remove 's'.
In the past tense regardless of whether the subject is singular or plural,the verb form stays the same.
The conjunction 'and' creates compound subject and makes the verb plural.
Conjunction 'or' and 'nor' makes verb depends on the subject which is next to the verb.
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE SUBJECT OF A SENTENCE?
When looking for the subject in a sentence, we should look for the verb and ask
the subject without any of its modifiers(no explanatory details). e.g. The accident...
an adjective + subject
e.g.George and Victoria...
Sentences can have more than one verb, more than more subject, or multiple pairs of subjects and verbs.
Conjunctions can join multiple subjects or verbs as well as independent and dependent clauses.
When you see a personal pronoun,a verb will follow,and that personal pronoun is the subject.
In a passive sentence, the subject doesn't do the action;the action instead happens to subject.
In the case of a command there won't be a subject in the sentence;instead the subject is implied- the subject is you. e.g. Be careful!
CONJUNCTIONS: COORDINATING & CORRELATIVE
: A word that joins other words phrases or clauses together.
: A group of words.
:A group of words that contains a subject and a verb.
POINT OF VIEW: FIRST,SECOND & THIRD PERSON
Point of view
is the perspective from which a writer tells a story or narrative.
A good way to check the narrative in a writing is
to consider the pronouns
which are used.
An independent clause is the simplest sentence you can write.Subject+verb are enough to make a sentence.
If you want to connect two independent sentences which are closely related to each other,you can join them by a comma and coordinating conjunction or a semicolon and conjunctive adverb.
I am ill so I should go to the doctor.
Or we can use some adverbs which are suitable to connect them.
Only an independent sentence can function on its own as a sentence.
Dependent sentence isn't a completed sentence on its own.It has to be DEPENDENT CLAUSE+INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.
Subordinating conjenction connect dependent clause to independent clause. e.g. although, because, as etc.
It can also be connected like
dependent clause+relative pronouns+dependent clause
I lost my pencil which is blue.
Adverb clauses and noun clauses are other type of clauses which do the same thing.
We always go to the picnic when the weather is warm.
SENTENCE FRAGMENTS,COMMA SPLICES & RUN-ON SENTENCES
SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT:USING UNCOMMON SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS AND PRONOUNS
Group/collective nouns: refer to groups of things but are typically themselves are singular.e.g. team,crew
Singular verb should be used with a singular noun.
Stealth Singular Words:e.g. mathematics, physics, politics,darts,news
Subject and verb make a sentence completed.
SENTENCE FRAGMENT=INCOMPLETE SENTENCE
WHAT IS RUN-ON SENTENCE?
Run-on sentence=fused sentence is a sentence that's missing the right punctuation to make it flow properly.
Occurs any time a comma is inserted between two main clauses without a coordinating conjunction to connect them.
Most of the cats like cat food
Tekir never eats cat food. (or we can use
Writes from personal experiences.
( I, WE, ME, US)
Isn't used in academic writing.
Writes from perspective of teaching,guiding or instructing the reader.
Isn't used in academic writing.
Writes from a more generalized perspective.
Is used in academic writing.
Contains least amount of bias.
each,everyone,anybody,nobody,nothing,everything,someone, something,either,neither,one, other. These are used with a single verb.
EXCEPTIONS TO INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
Some indefinite pronouns always require a plural verb, just as their brethren require a singular verb.
FIVE INDEFINITE PRONOUNS
Can be either singular or plural, depending on the context.
When describing is percentage of portion or something, the verb depends on the thing which the portion is taking.
%60 of birthday cake is....
%60 of people...
A phrase connected to a noun by preposition.
subject + other words + verb
We should identify the subject before deciding whether the verb should be singular or plural.
Joins two or more elements of equal importance in a sentence. Our sentence should include comma before these conjunctions.
Pairs of conjunctions that join two elements of equal importance in a sentence.
not only/but also
Mixed structure sentence
: A sentence that starts off being structured one way but switches to a different structure halfway through.
Sentence construction + Sentence construction
type 1 type 2
CATCHING THE MIXED SENTENCE ERRORS:
Read your finished essay aloud to yourself.
Read your essay backward,one sentence at a time.
SENTENCE STRUCTURE:IDENTIFY AND AVOID MIXTURE STRUCTURE SENTENCES