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Transcript of Political Theatre
What is Political Theatre?
Political Theatre in the early 20th Century
Our Country's Good continued...
Our Country's Good
Lady Windermere's Fan
In the history of Theatre, there is a long tradition of performances, addressing issues of current events and central to society itself.
Through Political Theatre, people are able to emphasise and define issues by addressing them in the arena of the atrical art, a place where political issues have been examined since the beginning of drama. Political Theatre encourages the exploration of universal and central themes and issues to human communities and societies.
Between 1926 and 1935, the worker's theatre movement used theatre to agitate for social change.
Whilst the Labour party decided to raise the education levels and opportunities for the working classes through cultural activities, the WTM took it's theatre on to the streets in a attempt to insight change.
Feminist playwright, Caryl Churchill has been heavily involved with Political Theatre.
It was Churchils beliefs in materialist feminism that lead her to the romanian revolution in a study to opressed people and their empowerment.
Brecht's marxist political conviction lead him to propose an alternative direction for the theatre that would fuse the two functions of instruction and entertainment.
Brecht was deeply influenced by Charlie Chaplin and Karl Marx. This strange combination of inspiration produce Brecht's twisted sense of humour as well as the political beliefs withing his plays.
He was raised in a middle class family in Germany although he often fabricated stones of an inpovenshed childhood.
As a young man, he was attracted to follow; artists, actors, cabarets, musicians and clowns. As he began to write plays of his own, he discovered that the theatre was the perfect forum to express social and political criticism.
It was written by Timberlake Wertenbaker, directed by Max Stafford- Clarke and was adapted from the Thomas Kneally's novel 'The Playmaker'. Timberlake Wertenbaker was influenced by Brecht.
It is a story of a group of Royal Marines and Convicts that were sent to New South Wales (Australia). It was set in the 1780's and they put on a production of 'The Recrutment Officer'. The story was based on true events and the characters were based on real people that went to NSW. She built these characters from the journals that they left.
The play shows class systems in the convicts' camp and includes themes such as sexuality, punishment, Georgan judicial systems and 'theatre that is to be a humanistic force' and deportation.
The theme of deportaion is explored as it is the basis on which the story is played and is about convicts being deported to NSW for their crimes. The theme of punishments links in to this as deportation was one of the punishments in which the convicts received, furthermore, the play shows that some of the punishments seemed to be harsh as Liz Mordan , for example, had to be deported because she stole some food to eat as she didn't have any herself. It is events such as these that causes the audience to sympathize with the character.
The theme of Georgian Judical is the time period in which the play is placed. The time period was from 1714 - 1830 and was at the start of the industrial revolution. In addition, it was at this time that there was a social change and an intensity of class.
Lady Windermere's Fan is a play about a good woman and is a four-act comedy by Oscar Wilde, first produced on 22 February 1892 at the St James's Theatre in London.
The story concerns Lady Windermere, who discovers that her husband may be having an affair with another woman. She confronts her husband but he instead, invites the other woman, Mrs Erlynne, to his wife's birthday ball. Angered by her husband's unfaithfulness, Lady Windermere leaves her husband for another lover. After discovering what has transpired, Mrs Erlynne follows Lady Windermere and attempts to persuade her to return to her husband and in the course of this, Mrs Erlynne is discovered in a compromising position. She sacrifices herself and her reputation in order to save Lady Windermere's marriage, as Mrs Erlynne is Lady Windermere’s mother, who abandoned her family twenty years before the time the play is set.
Our Country's Good Trailer
The Alienation Effect
The Alienation effect, also called a-effect or distancing effect, German Verfremdungseffekt or V-effekt, idea central to the dramatic theory of the German dramatist-director Bertolt Brecht. It involves the use of techniques designed to distance the audience from emotional involvement in the play through jolting reminders of the artificiality of the theatrical performance.
Examples of such techniques include explanatory captions or illustrations projected on a screen; actors stepping out of character to lecture, summarize, or sing songs; and stage designs that do not represent any locality but that, by exposing the lights and ropes, keep the spectators aware of being in