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UNIT 54. OTHER RELATIVE WORDS: Whose, When, Whereby, etc.

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Ramil Hajiyev

on 16 February 2015

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Transcript of UNIT 54. OTHER RELATIVE WORDS: Whose, When, Whereby, etc.

UNIT 54. OTHER RELATIVE WORDS: Whose, When, Whereby, etc.
Whose
in Academic Writing
is used to show relationships-'
belonging to
'
Whatever, Whoever, Whichever
Whatever- anything or it does not matter what
'
Where
' in Academic English
Other than location, we can also use
where
after words such as...
Clauses with
whose
Usage
Clauses with
When
,
Whereby
,
Where
and
Why
When - referring to a time
Clauses with
Who and What
;
Whatever
,
Whoever
and
Whichever
Preposition + Which
In Formal English a phrase with
prepostion + which
can be used instead of these...
What after a noun
We can't use WHAT in this way after a noun.
* When we talk about
something belonging to
or
associated with
a...
person
animal
plant
* We use a relative clause beginning with the relative pronoun
whose+noun
whose
It is used particularly in
written English
We need just a few examples...
Steve Jobs was an extremely brilliant and creative genius
whose inventions
have been widely used all over the world
The company awarded Steve Jobs
whose inventions
have been widely used all over the world
Subject
Object
We can use WHOSE in both defining and non-defining clauses.
We generally avoid using WHOSE to talk about
something belonging to
or
associated with a
THING.
I have taken a medicine whose impact on human brain cell is fatal.
I have taken a medicine, and its impact on human brain cell is fatal.
less natural
more natural
However,
We sometimes use WHOSE when we talk about
* towns
* countries
* organisations
The weather is hot in Sudan, whose forest region is no less than Azerbaijan's.
The academic adviser made some corrections on research proposal
whose
methodology is difficult to understand.
WHOSE
Why - reason
Whereby - method-mainly used in FORMAL
Where - location
we can begin relative and other clauses with...
When --- at which, on which, by which.
Whereby --- by which means, in which
Where --- at which, in which
To exemplify it
He was not aware of the time
when
the officials had entered the room
He was not aware of the time
at which
the officials had entered the room
Do you remember the date
when
Turan slept in the classroom during the Grammar lesson
Do you remember the date
on which
Turan slept in the classroom during the Grammar lesson
Teacher demanded writing an essay
whereby
the Criterion than doing pair work checking mistakes
Teacher demanded writing an essay
by which
the Criterion than doing pair work checking mistakes
This is the dormitory
where
I live
This is the dormitory
in which
I live
case
condition
example
situation
system
I will explain the
situation
where we should speak attentively against the customers
WHY
* a / the reason why
* a / the reason that
* just a / the reason
get few examples from the Ss
I do not want to give more than one example, but this is not the reason why I am not eager to do that.
The reason is that is your term :)
When
,
Whereby
,
Where
and
Why

NOMINAL RELATIVE CLAUSE
Some clauses beginning with Wh-word are used like a noun phrase in a sentence. These are sometimes called NOMINAL RELATIVE CLAUSES
I did not know what to tell her.
Do you know
who
you are speaking with?!
Do you know
the person

who
you are speaking with?!
the thing
I read a newspaper that Samire had given to me.
I read a newspaper what Samire had given to me.
Whoever- any person or group or it does not matter who
Whichever- one thing or person from a limited number, to talk about things or people that are indefinite or unknown.
Examples
Whoever shouts at me will be charged by me
Whichever one of the cats escapes will be awarded being free.
I am sure I will eat whatever you cook
Who and What
;
Whatever
,
Whoever
and
Whichever
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