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Who were the Byzantines?
Transcript of Who were the Byzantines?
What was the Great Schism?
The differences between Eastern and Western Rome had grown too wide. That year, Pope Leo IX sent representatives to Constantinople. The delegates leader, acting on the pope's behalf, excommunicated with Cerularius. This event marked the Great Schism, or split as some people call it. In Christianity between East and West the Church in the West became the Roman Catholic Church. While the Eastern Orthodox Church kept growing back in the East, based in Constantinople.
Who were the Byzantines?
The Byzantines were part of the Roman Empire.
The two most important centers of it was the Rome Empire in the West and Constantinople in the East, which had been called Byzantium. Constantine, rebuilt Byzantium to resemble “Old Rome,” and so this center became known as the “New Rome."
Constantinople referred or called themselves as Romans and were part of the Roman Empire. All though the Byzantine Empire no longer remains, evidence from the era exists across Southern Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa.
How did the Byzantines continue
the Roman Empire?
The Roman Empire was permanently split into East and West by the late fourth century CE. In 476 CE the last Roman emperor of the West, Romulus Augustulus, was overthrown by a Germanic prince. After the fall of Rome, kingdoms claimed the former Roman lands. Without a powerful Roman Empire, the Roman Catholic Church became a unifying and powerful in the western Europe.
How did Christianity develop in the Byzantine Empire?
Emperors saw themselves as having authority over the whole Roman Empire, including the Catholic Church. In the Byzantine Empire, the highest authority and highest religious authority was not different but the same person. although, in the West, kings and leaders of the church weren't allowed to be together, however the kings answered to the pope.
What was the iconoclast
The Byzantine Empire is most famous for it's iconoclasm controversy. A icon is a holy image of a revered holy
figure such as Jesus Christ. Byzantine art frequently used human forms to represent important ideas in Christianity.
A very large amount of writing is on the topic remaining
today. Iconoclasts, witch means "icon breakers," that
were those who were against the practice.
How Did the Controversy Affect
the Byzantine Empire?
The iconoclast debate became a political issue that lasted more than 100 years. The pope and his bishops in the West supported the way of icons, as did the Byzantine bishops. people who continued to support icons during those times experienced persecution or in other words, cruel or unfair treatment. The East and West was defiantly a sign of how different the regions were. All of this started along the line of revolts and wars against Byzantine rulers. The Church was no longer recognized as the Roman Empire.
What other issues split the Eastern
and Western Roman Empires?
Icons such as religious symbols was not the only issue dividing the East and West churches. One was the usage of leavened instead of unleavened bread for worship. Another issue was the power that the pope had, who saw the emperor over the patriarch in the East as a threat to his own authority. The importance of Constantinople was as important of the Christian city while it was in debate. Church leaders in the West disagreed to Byzantine emperors' claims of Constantinople having just as much importance to Rome.
How did the Great Schism affect the spread of Christianity in the East?
The Byzantine Empire's culture was already spreading threw the Slavic and other people further in the eastern and northern. Many of the groups converted to the East Orthodox Christianity, especially because of the work of saints Cyril and also Methodius. A lot of these groups traslated Eastern Orthodox Christianity, because the work of saints Cyril and Methodius. St. Cyril and St. Methodius then began translating the Bible into the new alphabet. They were missionaries to Slavs, credited with the spreading of Christianity and Byzantine.