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Medieval theater Costumes and Masks
Transcript of Medieval theater Costumes and Masks
Fabrics used and Dying of Clothes
Making of Costume
Medieval Theater Costumes and Masks
Introduction to the Costumes used in the Medieval Theater
After Rome fell in 600 A.D., a period known as the Dark Ages or middle Ages began. The theatre of this time is now known as medieval theatre. Medieval theatre was highly influenced by the Catholic Church, and the costumes of this period showed that. A lot of the costumes were probably just church vestments (e.g. Robes etc.). For instance, an actor playing an angel would wear a church robe with wings attached. Sometimes the costumes resembled real life. An actor playing a soldier would wear armour and priests would wear the robes that Catholic prelates wore.
Masks and Costumes used in Plays
red - madder root rubia tinetorum, kermes or grana from insects
blue - woad leaves isatia tinctoria
violet - orchil from lichen
crimson - brasilwood from the East India tree
purple - brasilwood from the East India tree
yellow - weld dyers' rocket, turmeric, saffron, onion skin, marigold, chamomile
green - indigo, weld, turmeric
brown - walnut shells, bark
Dyed fabric would fade fairly quickly if it wasn't mixed with a mordant, and bolder shades required either longer dyeing times or more expensive dyes. Thus, fabrics of the brightest and richest colors cost more and were therefore most often found on nobility and the very rich.
Medieval Velvet Embroidery
Medieval Silk Embroidery
Silk velvets were extremely expensive and were a luxury fabric.
Mostly worn by the rich.
Often brocaded with long floral patterns.
Silks were expensive in early Middle Ages.
was popular amongst the wealthy, not only for the luxurious designs but for its ability to hold the dye and produce brilliant colours not available in other fabrics.
Silks were imported from the East.
Royalty wore robes that swept the ground.
Royal families dressed in fancy clothing. And of course the king and queen wore golden crowns.
Vibrant Colours wee mostly used in the costume.(e.g. Royal blue or Purple. )
An actor playing an angel would wear a church robe with wings attached.
A heavenly being would have a mask coated in gold-leaf, which glistened with delight.
Devils' masks were grotesque, being modeled after birds of prey or monsters with horns and tails.
An actor playing a soldier would wear armor.
It was sometimes carved with gold and silver designs.
‘Slaves’ masks are with long white hairs, a pale whitish visage, and rough nostrils, an high crown, stern eyes; the beard a little pale, and looks older than his years.
has a flat nose, yellow-haired and rough.
To differentiate from the mens masks, the female masks had bigger eyes and larger mouths.
Was mostly a comical character.
The Talkative has full hair smoothed a little, high eyebrows, fair skin.
The Fat Old Woman has many wrinkles on a plump skin, and a fillet round her hair.
The Prostitute - tall, with many small wrinkles, fair, paleish, and with rolling eyes.
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Many Fabrics were used (e.g. wool, silk, linnen and velvet most commonly used.)
English and French merchants, pilgrims and scholars brought back exotic fabrics and styles from the Far East Spain and Italy as well as from the Turks and Mongols.
The peasants (Women) spinning and weaving their own fabrics in colourful designs (Brocade and Damask.).
Buckles and brooches to keep together their costumes.
Men had long shoes made of leather – length of the shoes: 46cm the toes were stuffed with moss to preserve their shape.
Leaf designs were made by scraping away the surface of leather.
Iron and steel were also popular during that time, it was mostly used to make costumes for Knights.
Mail maker did all the work in this.
Garments were shaped by increasing or reducing the number of links in each row rather like modern knitting pattern. Later, gold and silver carvings were added on to it.