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Social and Environmental Influences on Child and Adolescent Health

2/2/16
by

Kim Hartzler-Weakley

on 16 February 2016

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Transcript of Social and Environmental Influences on Child and Adolescent Health

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
2-2-16
Social and Environmental Influences on Child and Adolescent Health
What is the purpose of this paper?
Why did I have you read this paper?
What are the contributing factors to the increases in obesity?
What are some family and physical environmental contextual factors?
What is a bioecological approach?
What are the findings of the literature review?
What are some ideas for addressing the issue of obesity through environmental factors?
A Review of Family and Environmental Correlates of Health Behaviors in high-Risk Youth-Lawman & Wilson (2012)
Environmental / Community Influences
Strong sense of self-esteem
Social skills
Also those associated with pressures
Love & value child as a person
Spend time with child
Be aware of current behaviors & trends
Listen
Help / work with child
Find alternate behaviors/activities
How does the family help?
How can the Family & Community Help to Prevent Negative Behaviors?
Prevalence of usage among peers
Drinking/smoking among friends = increased odds of drinking/smoking
Family/friend attitude toward behavior
Favorable or neutral attitudes toward whether the youth partakes in behavior = increased odds of drinking/smoking
Practices among family/friends
Video
Alcohol & Tobacco Use
Recognizing the problem
Open eyes and recognition
Low grades
Absenteeism
Withdrawal from family & family activities
Unexplained injuries or accidents
Substantial behavior change
What does the child do in & out of school?
Do you have all the answers you need?
Family Influence
Facing the Problem
Do not promote myths
Do not hide the problem
Do not place blame
Do not deny the problem
Admit & accept the issue and look toward a solution
Family Influence
Family Model
Work WITH the child
Model inclusiveness
Understand & practice what is not acceptable
Allows reasoning & decision-making
Knows clear rules & consequences
Family Influence
Attitudes / behaviors
Social pressure
Forces that are pushing you towards or away from particular courses of action.
Social conformity
Informational influence:
You may choose to agree with the group because they have provided you with information that you really believe shows them to be right
Normative influence:
You may choose to agree with the group, not because you think they are really right, but just because you want to be accepted by the group and not cause discord within the group
Friends
What exist?
Tobacco
Alcohol
Drug
Loitering
Are they known / recognized?
Are they enforced?
Rules/Regulations/Laws
Common behaviors among
Family
Friends
Attitudes
Family / Friends
Toward behavior
Media
Does what the media shows influence youth to behave in a certain manner?
Songs? Movies? Video games? Television shows?
Discuss
Parents / Caregivers
Crucial element
Family attitudes towards a behavior is a strong predictor and influence on youth behavior
Need to be understanding
What are the current trends?
What is happening at their school?
Trends
Education / Prevention
Send a strong message
Consequences
Expectations
Open / flowing communication
Family Influence
Do resources exist to facilitate healthy / positive behaviors?
Parks (community, skate, etc)
What is there to do?
Community organizations getting the information out to the people
Is it age appropriate?
How is it being presented?
Services
Teen pregnancy
Eating disorder clinics
Smoking cessation / AA / AL-ANON / ALATEEN / Narcotics Anonymous
Resources
What exist?
Tobacco
Alcohol
Drug
Loitering
Are they known / recognized?
Are they enforced?
Rules/Regulations/Laws
Do resources exist to facilitate healthy / positive behaviors?
Parks (community, skate, etc)
What is there to do?
Community organizations getting the information out to the people
Is it age appropriate?
How is it being presented?
Services
Teen pregnancy
Eating disorder clinics
Smoking cessation / AA / AL-ANON / ALATEEN / Narcotics Anonymous
Resources
Attitudes / behaviors
Social pressure
Forces that are pushing you towards or away from particular courses of action.
Social conformity
Informational influence:
You may choose to agree with the group because they have provided you with information that you really believe shows them to be right
Normative influence:
You may choose to agree with the group, not because you think they are really right, but just because you want to be accepted by the group and not cause discord within the group
Friends
Parents / Caregivers
Crucial element
Family attitudes towards a behavior is a strong predictor and influence on youth behavior
Need to be understanding
What are the current trends?
What is happening at their school?
Trends
Education / Prevention
Send a strong message
Consequences
Expectations
Open / flowing communication
Family Influence
Family Model
Work WITH the child
Model inclusiveness
Understand & practice what is not acceptable
Allows reasoning & decision-making
Knows clear rules & consequences
Family Influence
Facing the Problem
Do not promote myths
Do not hide the problem
Do not place blame
Do not deny the problem
Admit & accept the issue and look toward a solution
Family Influence
Recognizing the problem
Open eyes and recognition
Low grades
Absenteeism
Withdrawal from family & family activities
Unexplained injuries or accidents
Substantial behavior change
What does the child do in & out of school?
Do you have all the answers you need?
Family Influence
Prevalence of usage among peers
Drinking/smoking among friends = increased odds of drinking/smoking
Family/friend attitude toward behavior
Favorable or neutral attitudes toward whether the youth partakes in behavior = increased odds of drinking/smoking
Practices among family/friends
Alcohol & Tobacco Use
How can the Family & Community Help to Prevent Negative Behaviors?
Strong sense of self-esteem
Social skills
Also those associated with pressures
Love & value child as a person
Spend time with child
Be aware of current behaviors & trends
Listen
Help / work with child
Find alternate behaviors/activities
How does the family help?
Seek resources to fund health promotion programs
Promote positive youth development
Empower teens
Help the community see teens are an asset now
Provide alternative activities and positive things for you to do
Promote all the great things teens are involved in
Provide youth leadership opportunities
Create a space for youth to have a voice (Speak up. Give back. Be heard)
How does the community help?
What is the purpose of the article?
Why did I have you read this paper?
What was the methodology? What do you think about the methods used? Anything you would do differently?
What are the key findings of the study?
What are the implications of this study?
Social Influences on Health-Risk Behaviors Among Minority Middle School Students- Beal et al. (2001) article
In Class Activity
Which Way Home Discussion
Full transcript