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Transcript of Visual Culture
Installation THREE DIMENSIONAL MEDIA In the Round
Contrapposto KEY TERMS Defined as an indirect method of sculpture since the artist may never touch the finished product. Two specific methods to create sculptures:
Indirect or Investment Casting Casting More aggressive than modeling. Technique of cutting, chipping, and gouging. Carving A form of construction Assembling An artistic genre of three-dimensional works that are often site-specific and designed to transform the perception of a space. Installation [bas relief] [counterbalance] Mahishamardini Cave, Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India Durga Fighting the Buffalo Demon Building up of material through the technique of pinching, squeezing, shaping, gouging
wet clay (more pliable)
clay form is dried and then fired in a kiln at a very high temperature Modeling Figurine of a Voluptuous Lady Maya, Late Classic period 700-900 C.E. Materials -
Wood and stone are popular materials.
Sculptor starts with a block of material and cuts the material away until the form appears. Tilman Riemenschneider Virgin and Child on the Crescent Moon c. 1495 Ancient Olmec Artists Colossal Head 1500-300 B.C.E. Materials -
Steel, concrete, wood, plastic, fiberglass, etc.
Individual pieces or segments are brought together to form the sculpture. Roxy Paine Conjoined, 2007 Process-
Often incorporates physical features of the specific site, or artists bring materials to the site and construct, assemble, or install the work. Can also be referred to a play or film; a place where something is about to happen (performance art) Jeanne-Claude and Christo Running Fence, 1976 Geography = War, 1991 Alfredo Jaar The art modifies a space in some way and asks viewers to enter, explore, and experience it. Art Movement of the 1960's Minimalism Minimalism stood for pure and honest aesthetic experience, instead of influencing people through images or transmit ego of the artists through self expression Materials-
Favored industry or construction materials rather than with traditional art materials, and they let those materials speak for themselves.
Idea of impermanent sculpture: artwork wasn't created to exist. The artwork either became lost or destroyed because it was not meant to last in the first place. Untitled (to dear durable Sol...)two, 1966-69 Dan Flavin Yayoi Kusama Fireflies on the Water, 2002 Louise Bourgeois Red Room (Child), interior 1994 Red Room (Child) Exterior, 1994 Gordon Matta-Clark Days End [Pier 52], 1975 Earthwork A work of art made for a specific place using natural resources and materials found there, especially the earth itself. Materials-
Earth, ice, leaves, stones, branches, etc.
The natural world embraces change and artists participate in this process of change and appreciate the method of impermanence. The artwork eventually gets blown, swept, or erased away by the uncontrollable forces of mother nature. Andy Goldsworthy Reconstructed Icicles, 1995 Serpent Mound, near Locust Grove, Ohio c.1070 C.E. James Luna Artifact Piece, 1987 Auguste Rodin The Burghers of Calais, 1884-85