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Government in Kenya, Sudan, and South Africa
Transcript of Government in Kenya, Sudan, and South Africa
Government of national unity was formed with a National Legislature.
This happened under a 2005 peace agreement to reduce violence and bring political stability.
This agreement outlined a power sharing deal between two major political parties; although, one party dominates. Sudan – Government Structure South Africa is a republic and parliamentary democracy.
Two-house legislature called the National Assembly
President is head of state and government and is elected by the National Assembly
Majority rule was established in 1994, after apartheid ended South Africa- Government Structure Citizens 18 years and older can vote
Freedoms are written into the constitution, but the government is dominated by the president and prime minister.
There have been some improvements in citizens’ rights in recent years. Kenya – Personal Freedoms Kenya is a republic, but states are more tightly controlled by the central government than states in the U.S.
Kenya had a presidential form of democracy until the election of 2007
After much violence and negotiation, the position of prime minister was established
Kenya – Government Structure All citizens 17 and older can vote.
The first election in 24 years was held in April, 2010, but there were widespread boycotts and allegations of fraud.
Citizens have few rights, unless they are associated with the National Congress Party
Most government positions are appointed. Sudan – Personal Freedoms All citizens 18 and older can vote
Numerous personal freedoms
High literacy rate: 86%
Apartheid greatly restricted the rights of blacks until it ended in 1994 South Africa – Personal Freedoms Governments of Kenya, South Africa, and Sudan Essential Questions 1. What is the role of the citizen in Kenya, South Africa, and Sudan?
2. How are the governments of Kenya, South Africa, and Sudan similar? How are they different?
3. How are these governments similar/different to the U.S. government? Kenya Sudan
South Africa Same Different Different Focus on Type of Leadership, How this Person Becomes Leader, and Role of Citizen and Freedoms. What is a republic? Republic A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch What type of government does the United States have? U.S. Government Federal Constitutional Republic
Representative Democracy What does this mean? Consider....
How is Kenya's government similar to our government?
How is it different? Kenya - Government Structure The new system requires an unusual power-sharing agreement between the president and prime minister.
The president is the chief of state and the prime minister is the head of government
There are now over 10 political parties, but most fall into two of the coalition parties that participate in the power-sharing agreement Chief of state includes the name and title of the leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but who may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.
Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. Chief of State vs. Head of Government Kenya U.S. Same Different Different