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sherin paul

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis A skeletal disease where the bones of the individual become fragile and brittle, thus increasing the risk of a fracture (cracks or breaks) than when compared to a normal bone. Osteoporosis occurs when bones start to lose vital minerals (such as calcium) before the body is able to replace them. A bone is a living tissue, composed of a thick outer layer known as the cortical bone. On the inside is the trabecular bone which has a structure much like a honeycomb. The human bone tissue is a continual process of breaking down and rebuilding to ensure that the bones remain strong and are repaired. Bones reach their peak bone mass (bone strength and density) at the age of 20-30 years( (Early adulthood). Bone mass starts to decline from the further years of middle adulthood to late adulthood. This can lead to loss of bone mass or density. This condition is also called the silent disease as there are no signs or symptoms until the first fracture actually appears. What is
Osteoporosis? Health
The weakened bones and fractures can cause chronic pain to the individual, thus an obvious impact on their physical health. Fractures may also lead to disability to perform certain tasks. Inability to do activities that the adult was once able to do may cause frustration and anxiety, thus affecting the individual's mental health in a negative manner. Fractures can also lead to premature death.

Osteoporosis can lead to a change in the individual's posture. The affected person may develop a stoop or Dowagers' Hump. This condition also causes weakness in one's muscles, thus a decline in their physical development. Osteoporosis also causes loss of height and bone deformity. The impact of osteoporosis on one's physical development also consequently affects the individual's social development as they tend to be more reliant of others to perform day to day tasks. Imapcts on health + development Incidence / prevalence Rates Between different
Population Groups Determinants Strategies Behavourial
Food intake - Low intake of calcium rich foods. Extreme dieting may restrict consumption of nutritious foods.
Physical Activity - Lack of physical activity may actually result in this condition
Smoking and High Alcohol Intake
Limited exposure to sunlight and therefore reduced levels of Vitamin D, which is essential for calcium absorption.
Men - Impotence, lack of libido and low tesosterone levels.
Women - Early menopause or if period has stopped for 6 to 12 months. Australian Federation of Medical Women - A National Osteoporosis Prevention and Management Strategy
Education and Awareness Programs
Fall prevention & specific exercise programs
Subsidised bone density screening
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