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Clay 101 (Sculpture)

An introduction into working with clay for art students, including pinch pots, slab, and coil methods.

reyem hew

on 14 March 2011

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Transcript of Clay 101 (Sculpture)

CLAY pottery sculpture pinch coil slab porcelain *

stoneware *

earthware *

cinco blanco

rojo SCULPTING Heat Ceramics potter's wheel car parts dentistry A is what you heat clay in

to the temperature of KILN

water 1800 degrees loop carving tools needle tool wire cutter wooden shaping tool modeling tools noun: A naturally occuring, fine-grained, firm earthy material that is plastic when wet and hardens when heated, consisting primarily of hydrated silicates of aluminum and widely used in making bricks, tiles, and pottery. Glaze noun: A coating of colored, opaque, or transparent material applied to ceramics before firing or after a first firing mold glass + clay + fluxes + color Types of clay clay tools noun: Any of various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing a nonmetallic mineral, such as clay, at a high temperature. knives bullet proof vests INDUSTRIAL FINE ART sponge rubber rib tools Minerals Iron
Alkaline Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals Mudstone
siltston phyllite shale slate broken down Into
small sediments Clay 101: Intro To Sculpting pinch Pots:
Create 2 equally thick Pinch pots
Score + Slip
them together CLAY CARE don't over sponge wrap your project with wet towels and in plastic WEDGE IT! Or ELSE!!! Sculptors and Sculpture
And art in context... FRANZ XAVER MESSERSCHMIDT Jean-Antoine Houdon Thomas Gainsborough
Keep it even to Avoid Cracks PROCESS Homework1. Find 2 - 3 magazine photos or web print offs-at least one head on and one profile
**Next class...
1. Proportions
2. the Golden Mean
3. Leonardo Da Vinci's Rules of Proportions
4. 5 thumbnail Sketches
Drying Process
leather hard - the condition of the raw ware when most of the moisture has left the body but when it is still plastic enough to be carved or joined

greenware-pottery that has not been bisque fired Average clay is 25% water
If it's too thick in some spots it may cause cracking in others
As water leaves the piece, shrinking occures
Because of humidity drying is completed in the kiln water evaporates completely
clay hardens
crystals form and rearrange
virtification occurs-Hardening, tightening and finally, partial glassification of clay. Vitrfication: gives the fired clay its characteristic hard, dense, durable and rocklike properties. It is accompanied by shrinkage in the clay THIS CHEMICAL REACATION is a part of creating Engineering
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