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The Enabling Act 1933
Transcript of The Enabling Act 1933
Reichsrat and Reichstag
was one of
two legislative bodies
(1919-1933), the other being the Reichstag; the
Diet of the Realm
) was a
) from 1919, when it succeeded the
Weimar National Assembly
, until the
in 1933. The Reichsrat consisted of members appointed by the
and participated in legislation affecting all constitutional changes and state competences, while the Reichstag was the elected body of the people.
The Enabling Act
In January 1933 after the General Election, Hitler proposed an Enabling Bill that would give him dictatorial powers.
Such an act needed three-quarters of the members of the Reichstag to vote in its favor.
Before the end of January when his bill was posted it acquired the two-thirds majority that it needed with only the Socialists voting against.
The Enabling Bill passed in both the Reichstag and Reichsrat on March 23.
Hitler's Reichstag speech promoting the bill was delivered at the Kroll Opera House, following the Reichstag fire.
The Bill followed on the heels of the Reichstag Fire Decree, which abolished most civil liberties and transferred state powers to the Reich government. The combined effect of these two bills was to bring the Weimar Republic to an end.
After four months Hitler's goals were reached. In May the Socialists were banned and so were trade unions. Hitler was now the dictator of Germany.