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THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD IN THE PHILIPPINES
Transcript of THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD IN THE PHILIPPINES
PERIOD OF THE NE W SOCIETY
THE PERIOD OF
WRITERS DURING THIS PERIOD
The Americans returned in 1945. Filipinos rejoiced and guerillas who fled to the mountain joined the liberating American Army.
July 4, 1946
The Philippines regained its freedom and the Filipino flag waved joyously alone.
*STATE OF LITERATURE
The early post-liberation period was marked by a kind of
“struggle of mind and spirit”.
There was a proliferation of newspapers like:
*Free Press, Morning sun by Sergio Osmeña
*Daily mirror by Joaquin Roces
*Evening news by Ramon Lopezes
*The bulletin by Menzi
Novels and short stories
"Without seeing the Dawn" by Stevan Javellanas
In 1946- the barangay writers whose aim was to publish works in English by Filipinos was established.
In 1958- the PEN Center of the Philippines was inaugurated.
Francisco Arellana published his pen anthology of short story.
A NEW FILIPINO LITERATURE
Most themes in the writings deal with:
1. Japanese brutalities
2. The poverty of life
3. The brave guerrilla exploits
tagalog poetry acquired not only rhyme but substance and meaning.
Short stories had better characters and events based on facts and realities.
Novels became common but were still read by the people for recreation.
Many books were published during this time, among which were:
1. Mga Piling Katha (1947-48) by
2. Ang Maikling Kwentong Tagalog (1886-1948) by
3. Ako’y Isang Tinig (1952) by
Genoveva Edroza Matute
Genoveza Edroza Matute
*According to Pociano Pineda, youth activism in 1970-72 was due to domestic and worldwide causes.
*Some believed that socialism should replace democracy.
*THE SEED OF ACTIVISM
The seeds of activism resulted in the declaration of Martial Law in 1972.
THE LITERARY REVOLUTION
Campus newspapers showed rebellious emotions.
They held pens and wrote on placards in red paint the equivalent of the word MAKIBATA
Any establishment became the symbol of the ills that had to be changed.
The frustrations of youth could be felt in churches and school.
* JOSE F. LACABA
better known as Jose F. Lacaba, is a Filipino poet, journalist, and screenwriter.
Nicomedes Márquez Joaquín was a Filipino writer, historian and journalist, best known for his short stories and novels in the English language. He also wrote using the pen name Quijano de Manila.
SALVADOR P. LOPEZ
born in Currimao, Ilocos Norte, was an Ilokano writer, journalist, educator, diplomat, and statesman
Gregorio C. Brillantes,
a Palanca Award Hall of Famer and a multi-awarded fiction writer, is one of the Philippines' most popular writers in English.
*The Period of the New Society started on September 21, 1972.
The Carlos Palanca Award continued to give annual awards.
Almost themes in most writings dealt with the development of the country.
The government took part in reviving old play like Cenaculo, Zarzuela, and Embayokya of the Muslims.
FILIPINO POETRY DURING THE PERIOD OF THE NEW SOCIETY
Themes of most poems dealt with patience, regard for native culture, customs, and the beauties of
nature and surroundings.
*Jose Garcia Revelo
*Jose Marie Chan
*Tito, Vic, and Joey
The government led in reviving old plays and dramas.
In 1977, “The tales of Manuvu”, a new style of the ballet opera was also added to those presentations.
ORGANIZATIONS CONTRIBUTED A LOT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLAYS
1. PETA of Cecile Guidote and Lino Brocka
2. Repertory Philippines of Rebecca Godines and Zenaida Amador
3. UP Repertory of Behn Cervantes
4. Teatro Filipino by Rolando Tini
Radio and Television
Radio continued to be patronized during this period. It is one of the recreations this time without television.
However many performing artists in radio moved over the television.
Among these were Augusto Victa, Gene Palomo, Mely Tagasa, Lina Pusing, and Ester Chavez.
Popular Television Plays were:
1. Gulong ng Palad
2. Flor de Luna
3. Anna Liza
Leading papers during this period were:
1. Bulletin Today
2. Times Journal
3. Peoples Journal
5. Pilipino Express
6. Phillipine Daily Express
7. Evening Post
*A yearly Pista ng mga Pelikulang Pilipino (Yearly Filipino) was held during this time.
*During the Festival which lasted usually for a month.
*New Kinds of Films without sex or romance started to be made but which nevertheless
well-received by the public.
Among these were:
1. Maynila . . .Sa Kuko ng mga Liwanag
by Edgardo Reyes
2. Minsa’y Isang Gamu-Gamo
Nora Aunor was the performer
3. Ganito Kami Noon..Paano Kayo Ngayon
led by Christopher de Leon and Gloria Diaz
Liwayway had been an old time favourite of the Filipinos since 1920. Other magazines were: Kislap at Bulaklak.
THE THIRD REPUBLIC
After ten years of military rule and some changes in the life of the Filipino which started under the New Society, Martial rule was at last lifted on January 2, 1981.
*The Philippines became a new nation and former President Marcos called “The New Republic of the Philippines.
*Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr., the idol of the Filipino masses, whom they hoped to be next president, was brutally murdered in August 21, 1983.
After the Aquino Assassinated, the people’s voices could no longer be contained. Both the public and private sectors in government were chanting, and shouting, women, men and the youth become bolder and their voices were raised in dissent.
Many Composers, grieved over Ninoy Aquino’s treacherous assassination composed songs. They were:
Coritha, Eric and Freedie Aguilar composed a song titled LABAN NG BAYAN KO. Freddie Aguilar revived the song bayan ko.
Phillippine Films during this Period:
*The Yearly Festival of Filipino Films continued to be held during this period.
*The people’s love for sex films also was unabated.
*Poems during this period of the Third Republic were romantic and revolutionary.
*Writes wrote openly of their criticism against the government.
* Supplications of the people were coached in fiery, colourful, violent, profane, and insulting language.
POEMS, SONGS AND FILMS DURING THIS PERIOD
Poetry in the Third Republic
During the wake of the tragic Benigno Aquino’s Jr. Incident, people reacted shock, appalled by the suddenness and the unexpected of events.
Alfredo Navarro Salongga
a consistent writer of the Philippine Panorama Magazine.
In his column “Post- Prandal Reflections” aptly said it: “darkness in the mind and soul is somehow forgotten poet puts it.
Its suddenness was so profoundthat we couldn’t react to it any other way”.