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Allusions, Allegories, and Analogies

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Chris Mikesell

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Allusions, Allegories, and Analogies

Allusions, Allegories, and Analogies As you know, Allusions are
a reference to a historical or literary character or event for the purpose of comparison They can be
INDIRECT Direct Who does he think
he is, Jesus Christ? Indirect That guy thinks he
can walk on water. Indirect allusions involve
a comparison that can only
be made to a single person
or event. If the comparison cannot be made to a single person or event, do not consider it to be an ALLUSION. Direct The Big Show is a
modern-day Hercules. This is a clear allusion to mythological
strongman Hercules. NOT Indirect The Big Show is
super strong. This is not an allusion to Hercules because
plenty of people are super strong, including
Superman, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and
(for all you know) Mr. Mikesell. Direct The president is a
modern-day Atlas. This is a clear allusion to the Titan Atlas
who according to myth carries the world
on his shoulders. Indirect The president carries the
burdens of the world on
his back. Since Atlas is the only mythological
figure associated with carrying the world
this would be an indirect allusion to him. Some allusions will almost
always be made indirectly. Allegories are extended indirect allusions to other stories or parts
of stories. The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe is an allegory of the
crucifiction and resurrection of
Jesus Christ. They are like a retelling of
another story, with many
similarites but many differences,
too. They are recognizably
related, but not twins. Animal Farm is an allegory of
the rise of Communism. O Brother Where Art Thou
is an allegory of The Odyssey. Evan Almighty is not so much
an allegory of the story of Noah
as a direct retelling. Allegories are subtle
retellings or recastings. If Evan had built a rocket ship
to save the animals, it would have
fallen closer to allegory. In what ways is Lord of the Flies
and allegory of the Bible story
about The Garden of Eden? We could also talk about how Lord of the Flies
is an allegory of the Bible story about Cain and
Abel, but that would be a topic for next week. Homework Heads-Up: An analogy is a comparison between two things based on their similarities. Indirect allusions (and allegories) are both types of analogies. If the similarities between two characters are too vague to constitute an allusion, you can still draw an analogy if there are multiple similarities. Not an allusion The Big Show is super strong. But if the WWE writers have
The Big Show fight a lion and
a giant boar (things Hercules did)
and wrestle The Undertaker (one
of Hercules' trials involved a trip to
the Underworld), we could say that
the WWE is drawing an analogy
between the two men. Archetypes are frequently discussed
in terms of analogies: we note the
similarities to the underlying blueprint. The "Christ figure" is a frequent
archetype/analogy made about
characters in stories.

It involves similarities between a
character and the attributes of
Jesus Christ. performance of miracles
healing others
displaying loving kindness
displaying gentleness
giving forgiveness
fighting for justice
tempted by the Devil
being guided by the spirit
sacrificing themselves
resurrection Simon as Christ Figure purity (doesn't hunt/kill)
gives good fruit to Littl'uns
shares meat with Piggy
mystical trances
tempted/taunted by LotF
unafraid of being alone
recognizes reality of the Beast
(The Beast is the Anti-Simon)

and a couple more that are spoilers.... None of these is enough to say that
Golding makes an allusion to Christ
through the character of Simon, but
there are enough that we can draw
an analogy to Jesus Christ. In Lord of the Flies,
the "Lord of the Flies"
is a direct allusion to
Beelzebub, another
name for the Devil.
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