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Confederation of Canada(1867)

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Ken Gee

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of Confederation of Canada(1867)

Confederation What is Confederation? Why would the colonies want to join Confederation? Who would be the first, and last to join confederation. Nova Scotia Confederation is different colonies joining together to form a country. There are many different reasons to why and what causes the colonies to want to join confederation. Colonies wanted to join confederation because they needed power or facing problems. They would have to consider that things around their colony might change and think carefully if confederation is going to help or hurt their colony. List of the colonies that were part of the confederation. Atlantic Colonies: Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island(P.E.I) and New Brunswick. Rupert's Land, British Columbia, Canada West and Canada East. The first colony to join confederation would be the colony that faced problems politically, economically, socially and geographically. Here are the challenges that the Atlantic and West colonies have faced during confederation. Economically: Trades with the U.S, fishing,
agriculture and shipbuilding. Wanted more
railways. Politically: Good relationship and ties with Britain, and
home for the navy forces of the British. Geographically: Ocean location is very important for political
and economical alliances. Socially: Very important British attachments Newfoundland Economically: Relied on fishing Socially: Low population Politically: Close ties with Britain, slowly
developing and has a
responsible government. Geographically: It is an island that is very far
away from the other colonies. Prince Edward Island Economically: Timber, agriculture and strong shipbuilding industry. Politically: Controlled by absentee landlords. Geographically: A single island that is not
connected to other colonies. Socially: Everybody was united against
the absentee landlords because
they can't control their own
land. Fun Fact! What is absentee landlords? Absentee landlords are people who owned land but not living or using it at the location of the land but usually rents it out for people in that land. British Crown gave land in P.E.I to wealthy British people living in Britain. New Brunswick Politically: Not a good relationship with the United States.
Concerned about the security from the United States. Economically: some shipbuilding, timber industry. Geographically: Shares disputed border with the
United States. Socially: Many British. Lots of loyalists. Challenges faced by the other colonies away from the atlantic colonies. Rupert's Land Politically: The Hudson bay Company is still running the territory for
close to two hundred years. Challenges that the Atlantic colonies have faced. Canada West British Columbia Canada East Economically: Based on the fur trades. Geographically: Separated from the west coast because of the
Rocky Mountains. Socially: Home to many First Nations. Politically: Wasn't immediately granted a
representative government or colonial
assembly. Governor's name was James
Doughles, a HBC representative Economically: Relied a lot on the fur trades and Geographically: It was an island in the Gulf of
Georga. Socially: Many inhibitants were HBC
workers Politically: The most power among all of the colonies. Didn't
need to join confederation. Economically: Industrial revolution changed the way goods were
produced. Geographically: Canada west is upper Canada(Ontario) Socially: Populated with British people and Protestants. In 1861,
the population has increased to 1,396,000 people. Politically: Agreed and liked the idea of confederation. Economically: The way the goods were produced changed due
to Industrial Revolution. Geographically: Canada East is now Quebec(Lower Canada) Socially: In 1861, the population increased to 1,112,000 After looking at those characteristics i have came up with a list of the first to the last colony to join confederation 1st. Prince Edward Island
2nd. New Brunswick
3rd. Newfoundland
4th. Canada East
5th. British Columbia
6th. Rupert's Land
7th. Nova Scotia
8th. Canada West 8 seperate countries of themselves. What would happen if confederation didn't happen? Well, it might just lead to This...... War because they want to conquer all land and kick the French people out. The Canada that is today will be
totally British after conquered by Britain. Nobody can defend themselves when another world war comes because they can't unite together. So thanks to Confederation, Canada is one of the most peaceful country in the world. Moral of the story is: Unite together, and make a better
future. Forever Alone Column... The Sources!!! Internet sources:https://elearn.sunway.edu.my/bbcswebdav/pid-133110-dt-content-rid-306275_1/courses/SIS_8C/Lesson%204%20SMART%20Atlantic%20Colonies2.pdf Books: History Textbook By: Ken Lim Hope you enjoyed :)
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