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public policy analysis

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Jamaila Aboy

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of public policy analysis

No Segregation,
No Collection Policy

Pursuant to
Republic Act No. 9003
EXISTING LAWS
and
PUBLIC POLICIES
Department of Environment
and Natural Resources
756,986 kilograms of trash
from shorelines and
waterways are recovered
public policy analysis
PAYATAS TRAGEDY
Worst Man-made Disaster
500 people were buried alive
under tons of garbage
when a 50-foot
garbage mountain collapsed
July 12, 2000
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
control of generation, storage,
collection, transfer and transport,
processing, and disposal of solid wastes
WASTE
unwanted or undesired material or substance
unwanted materials left over from a manufacturing process (industrial, commercial, mining or agricultural operations,) or from community and household activities
2 KINDS OF WASTE
Biodegradable
garbage that can be broken down which can be turned into compost
Non-biodegradable
garbage that cannot be broken down
(leftover food, leaves, fruits, peelings)
(residual waste, toxic waste from hospitals and factories)
UNDP-DENR
These figures affirm the
pervasive problem with
the country's waste management
especially in Quezon City.
All these reiterate the urgent and dire need for action and
solution from society and government.
In the PHILIPPINES,
Environmental organizations,
private entities, legislators,
and local governments have taken
actions in answer to the
persisting problem of waste
management in the country,
specifically in Quezon City.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003
"Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000"
Requiring the segregation at the source
of all household, institutional, industrial
and commercial wastes and/or garbage
into wet or biodegradable and
dry or non-biodegradable
NO SEGREGATION,
NO COLLECTION POLICY

HOUSEHOLD WASTE
waste generation and includes all waste
from a unique source: households
INDUSTRIAL WASTE
waste produced by industrial activity rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories
INSTITUTIONAL WASTE
Waste generated at institutions such as schools,
libraries, hospitals, prisons, etc.
waste from premises used wholly or mainly for the purposes of a trade or business or for the purpose of sport, recreation, etc.
COMMERCIAL WASTE
IMPLEMENTATION
Took effect
July 1, 2011
in the entire City except in Barangay Holy Spirit
City Government, thru the EPWMD
shall conduct a
two-week dry-run
upon the effectivity date so that the
residents may be able to familiarize
themselves with the
types of wastes
to be segregated and the
schedule of collection
300 Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Campaigners

of the City-Contracted Haulers deployed in all Barangays to explain the implementation procedures
The following shall be implemented
in all Barangays:

1) segregation of biodegradable (nabubulok)
and non-biodegradable (di-nabubulok) wastes
in each household;


2) door to door dedicated collection
of segregated wastes.
Collection schedules will be as follows:


Monday-Wednesday-Friday Collection Schedule

Monday and Friday for biodegradable (nabubulok) collection
Wednesday for non-biodegradable (di-nabubulok) collection
Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday Collection Schedule
Tuesday and Saturday for biodegradable (nabubulok) collection
Thursday for non-biodegradable (di-nabubulok) collection
Assessment of Existing Policies
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act covers the regulation and control of waste segregation in Quezon City.
LGUs ordinate and implement their own waste management policies and programs.
Although there is incentives given and some penalties, the policy itself should still be strengthened that household wastes be fully inspected if segregated.
LGUs vary on approaches used to implement the policy since some are strict while others are not.
Some adheres to waste segregation, others thru recycling, while others use information and education campaigns.
Most of those who comply are high-income households while low-income households don't.
To provide an overview of the waste management specifically with the segregation policy and how well and efficient is its implementation
OBJECTIVE
SPECIFIC GOALS
To look into the causes and consequent environmental impacts brought by improper waste segregation, existing laws, and regulations that address the problem and assess the policy and to recommend a policy solution that will be most effective.
PROBLEM TREE ANALYSIS
STAKEHOLDERS ANALYSIS
The following are the major stakeholders concerned in the planning, development, implementation, and monitoring of the policy:
Local Government Units
It goes without saying that the local government of Quezon city are the
main implementers
and
strategic foundation
of this ordinance. It is the LGUs that
formulates the what’s, how’s, and when’s of the of the said ordinance
.
Local governments have jurisdiction over waste management in their area.
National Government
The national government, together with the help of the involved departments, is responsible for the consistency of its implementation. They are also the ones who strategize with regard the goals and objectives to be duly accomplished by the local government for the successful implementation of the policy. (RA 9003)
Firms and Companies
Corporations that are located in QC are also required to abide by the ordinance. Aside from the great number of residences in QC, industrial corporations are also producers of great amounts of garbage and solid waste.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
Section 4 of EO no. 192, series mandates the DENR to be the government agency primarily responsible for the country's environment and natural resources.

Agency's mission - mobilize citizenry in protecting and managing environment and natural resources

Core function - formulate and implement policies, rules and regulations relating to environmental management and pollution
prevention and control.
Households/Community
People residing in Quezon City - the major contributors
and benefactors of this ordinance.

Households should assure their compliance to the ordinance
and to avoid any misalignment with its provisions.

All this in order to have a clean environment.

POLICY ALTERNATIVES
Status Quo
One policy alternative is for the government to not take action regarding the problem and leave the situation as it is.
City-wide Ordinance
that shall mandate household seminars and education for information dissemination and capacity-building

conduct basic orientation seminars among barangays and grassroots communities at a regular basis
Local government should also increase its funding for the Solid Waste Management Program
Most of the infrastructure for waste segregation in Quezon City are provided for by the private sector and non-government organizations due to the lack of appropriate funding that would cover all of the barangays.
Education/ Information Drive and Promoting Waste Segregation
This policy alternative is an action by the government to encourage and mandate the community to abide by the policy in order to attain environmental success.
Formulating campaigns in all media platforms be it through print, traditional media and in social media.

LG to provide community-based incentive programs to ensure participation
Participation among all barangays in Quezon City should be mandated and monitored to improve effectivity of the waste segregation program.

There are
two controls
to reinforce participation and adherence; namely,
positive reinforcement
through barangay and household incentivization and

TAXES AND FEES
negative reinforcement
by means of garbage taxes and collection of fees for those who will violate.
EFFECTIVENESS OF ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION
Behavior is a key cultural aspect that is embedded in people’s way of life.

Studying a community’s behavior and introducing new ones requires intensive, long-term, and creative social marketing.

This can be done by studying the demographic and cultural fiber of the community through immersions and capacity building activities.
Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Inc.’s (REECS)
1. Waste management is still perceived by many as the responsibility of government.
2. Public participation in waste management, especially in segregation at source, remains limited.
3. More extensive awareness- raising activities and training on ecological waste management are needed, together with stricter enforcement of the Law and local ordinances must be observed.
4. There is lack of community empowerment and political will to resolve the problem.

SOURCES
Environmental Problems in the Philippines - ECHO PROJECT
Quezon City Website - www.quezoncity.gov.ph
No segregation, no collection policy - QCPL Law Research Section
COA Audit Report - www.coa.gov.ph
IRR Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 9003
Patton, Carl V. and Sawicki, David S. - Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning
IMPROPER WASTE SEGREGATION

OF HOUSEHOLDS
WITHIN QUEZON CITY
ABOY ANGELES VELASQUEZ VILLAROSA

OUTLINE
I. Background of the Problem
II. Problem Statement
III. Policy Alternatives
IV. Conclusions and Recommendations
Full transcript