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Transcript of Lucy Stone
Lucy Stone was born on August 13, 1818, on her family's farm at Coy's Hill in West Brookfield, Massachusetts.
Although the eighth of nine children born to Hannah Matthews and Francis Stone, she grew up with three brothers and three sisters, two siblings having died before her own birth.
Another member of the Stone household was Sarah Barr, “Aunt Sally” to the children– a sister of Francis Stone who had been abandoned by her husband and left dependent upon her brother.
Although farm life was hard work for all and Francis Stone tightly managed the family resources, Lucy remembered her childhood as one of “opulence,” the farm producing all the food the family wanted and enough extra to trade for the few store-bought goods they needed.
Organizing For the Cause
Stone founded American Woman Suffrage Association, AWSA, in 1869 as a reaction to the split of the American Equal Rights Association
Supported rights to vote for African Americans
AWSA was only concerned with the right to vote, whereas NWSA took on many other standpoints as well
NWSA, National Womans Suffrage Association, led by Susan B. Anthony, was against the 15th amendment
Lucy wanted AWSA to be a federal organization based on auxiliary state organizations that elected delegates to an annual convention.
Henry said “15th amendment mad women’s suffrage seem impossible.”
Required that state-elected delegates at her annual convention to be due-paying members
Compared to Blackwell’s organization in many ways
Very few women were drawn to the movements, they believed the groups were too radical.
Did not like Susan B. Anthony, said she was selfish and egotistical
Reconciled with Susan B. Anthony in 1890 and merged to form the National American Womans Suffrage Act, or NAWSA
Although Stone recalled that “There was only one will in our family, and that was my father’s,” she described the family government characteristic of her day. Hannah Stone earned a modest income through selling eggs and cheese but was denied her any control over that money, sometimes denied money to purchase things Francis considered trivial.
Believing she had a right to her own earnings, Hannah sometimes stole coins from his purse or secretly sold a cheese.
As a child, Lucy resented instances of what she saw as her father’s unfair management of the family’s money. But she later came to realize that custom was to blame, and the injustice only demonstrated “the necessity of making custom right, if it must rule. Although Stone recalled.
Lucy Stone Quote
“There was only one will in our family, and that was my father’'
From the examples of her mother, Aunt Sally, and a neighbor neglected by her a husband and left destitute, Stone early learned that women were at the mercy of their husbands’ good will.
When she came across the biblical passage, “and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee,” she was distraught over what appeared to be divine sanction of women’s subjugation, but then reasoned that the injunction applied only to wives.
Resolving to “call no man my master,” she determined to keep control over her own life by never marrying, obtaining the highest education she could, and earning her own livelihood
Stone Married to Henry Blackwell on May, 1855
Henry Blackwell accepted Lucy and supported her goals.
Henry encouraged Lucy’s Lecture tours and would offer to organize them.
"A wife should no more take her husband's name than he should hers. My name is my identity and must not be lost."
– Lucy Stone
-Henry was accepting of Lucy wearing short skirts and comfortable trousers instead of the original uncomfortable women’s clothing.
-Henry would tutor Lucy on literary culture, because she knew little about it
-both wanted perfect equality in their marriage, they mentioned this in their vows
-Lucy kept her birth name when she was married
-Many members of Henry’s family also believed in women’s rights and were well educated.
Motherhood and the Cause
Lucy met once a year at the National Woman’s Rights Convention where, unlike other organizations, the women attending them were trying to get other woman alike not only just to revolt against the norm they were seen to act as, but also to focus on the educational opportunities they could take advantage of to reach their highest potential.
Stone and Blackwell had one child named Alice Stone Blackwell. (Notice Lucy’s last name comes before Henry’s, this was completely on purpose.)
Alice was born on September 14th, 1857, and she later became a lead in the woman’s suffrage movement and eventually published the first biography for Lucy Stone’s life titled Lucy Stone: Pioneer Woman Suffragist. Lucy initially intended to have 4 children, but after her second child ended up being a miscarriage, she decided to just have one.
Alice Stone Blackwell
“I do all the work—cook, wash, iron, sweep, dust everything and teach Alice an hour a day. I get little time.”
Post War Strategies
Lucy met with Susan b. Anthony in 1865 to discuss future plans
1866 Lucy and Henry went to Washington DC when congress was debating the 14th amendment and lobbied with Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner to solve woman's suffrage. Former allies deserted the women's movement while trying to get the 14th amendment the division.
In the Spring of 1857 Lucy and henry throughout the states with 250 pounds of documents. Their first stop was Kansas which became one of the fist postwar states to have the women's suffrage referendum used in the fall. They lectured there all day everywhere they could and passed out literature.
During her struggles with Stanton and Anthony. Henry began to have a affair with Abby Patton in may 1869.
Lucy presided over american equal rights convention who supported equal suffrage for black and women.
Lucy “marshaled” her women's suffrage group the american women's suffrage association against the competing group which was Stanton and Anthony's national women's suffrage association.
1870 Lucy and Henry took control of a paper affiliated with their organization and renamed it the woman’s journal which was published from 1870 to 1917 and they moved to Boston to run this paper.
“spurred a period of national organizations among women who now came together over the single issue of women’s suffrage”(Sisters page 33)
The Final Years
The Final Years
Lucy Stone, all throughout her life never ceased from pushing for women’s rights. Even in her late 50’s and early 60’s, Lucy still pushed for the same solution that she sought after in the beginning. However the suffrage movement started to dwindle as some suffragists started to settle into the national which to Lucy wasn’t the same as what she and her husband Henry were pushing for. Her husband Henry even felt the same about the fact that no one seemed to care as much for the rights being made and instead he was met with “very small and un-cultivated audiences.” Lucy’s husband also felt that he now understood just what Lucy had put in to this whole cause by saying that “you have overexerted yourself all your life. You have missed meals in the city…” This explains how much of a martyr Lucy Stone really was. She pushed extremely hard for a cause she truly believed in and didn’t stop pushing until 1890 when she became really ill and missed the first meeting of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Her husband Henry even became a corresponding secretary, but merely served as a delegate. Lucy Stone was one of the best Woman’s rights activists that ever lived and sadly her legacy was ended with her death in 1893 at the age of 75 to stomach cancer.