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The Great Gatsby Project #1
Transcript of The Great Gatsby Project #1
laws were passed to help those with disabilities: state pensions, worker compensation laws; they also created rehabilitation programs
several World War I films were made to show the struggles of soldiers who were injured (mentally ad physically)
World War I and its Effects on the United States
WWI Effects on Society
Effects of the War: Now and Then
The "Lost Generation"
the "Harlem Renaissance"
Thank you for watching!
Now on to the activity...
Overview of WWI
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand acted as the trigger
intolerance amongst Americans towards others increased, against:
German literature, music, people, and language (was banned)
George Creek created a committee dedicated towards public interest tried to spread anti-German sentiment
the Ku Klux Klan also became more active during this time period
helped the passing of the 19th amendment (women's rights); women filled jobs when men went to war
several soldiers experienced psychological affects of the war
Post-traumatic distress disorder
trauma due to the massive destruction
propaganda in the forms of movies and posters spread anti-German and anti-immigrant sentiment.
About the War:
WW1: Veterans with new injuries allowed for doctors to create new procedures. "Rehabilitation" was established.
Now: The study of PTSD is a huge focus in the US. The government works to create health coverage for veterans.
July 28-August 6 (1914): Austria, Serbia, Germany, Russia, and the UK all declare war on each other
WW1: Veterans were given bonuses from there time overseas. $1.25 for every day overseas, and $1.00 for every day in the US.
Iraq War: Up to 19% of veterans suffer Traumatic Brain Injury. The government offers care to the war veterans who need treatment but 50% of injured seek treatment.
The "Lost Generation"
name coined by Gertrude Stein
used by Ernest Hemingway as an epigraph for his first novel
The Sun Also Rises
a group of American writers who gained popularity and international recognition in the 1920s
most famous writers were F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and John Dos Passos
rejected past conventional literary techniques
aftereffects of WWI
writing conveyed a loss of faith, values, and personal direction
The "Harlem Renaissance"
African-American cultural revival and awakening
racial pride and consciousness
breaking free of stereotypes; racial integration
cultural, social, and artistic development
Harlem district of New York was the cultural center
all art forms flourished; painting, drama, literature, music
enormous impact on African-American literature
music blossomed, especially jazz, spirituals, and blues
"back to Africa" movement led by Marcus Garvey
a.k.a the New Negro Movement, 1918-1937
The Cotton Club was an exclusively-white club that featured prominent African-American performers such as Duke Ellington.
Ernest Hemingway (left) and F. Scott Fitzgerald (right) were friends.
Great Gatsby Connection:
Gatsby was a veteran and so was Nick:
Nick uses some war references and words: abortive (The mission was abortive.)
Gatsby and Nick are connected by their participation in the army and the War.
Inference: Gatsby may not have always been wealthy
Nick doesn't use this as an excuse for poverty but, you can see in his way of describing Tom that he ranks himself below others due to a late financial start.
the War lasted for 5 years (1914-1919) but the fighting ended in 1918
second bloodiest war in history (at the time)
first time for many methods of war
beginning of semi-modern war
over 9 million casualties
first "industrial" war in history
use of machine guns
became involved directly against Germany
declared war on April 4, 1917
also declared war on Austria-Hungary in December that same year
Wilson proposed the League of Nations in his Fourteen Points
ironically, the US did not join
Reasoning for going to War:
Germany tried to convince Mexico to declare war against the United States
could be said the US did not enter by choice, provoked into war
Britain used the Zimmerman Telegram to bring the US to war
all resulted in Congress agreeing to a war against Germany
Samia Islam, Max Mantin, Sarah Reich, Sherry Zhou
"10 Interpretations of Who Started WW1." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"A Clear Timeline of WWI." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"American Entry into World War I, 1917 - 1914–1920 - Milestones - Office of the Historian." American Entry into World War I, 1917 - 1914–1920 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
British Library. "The "Lost Generation"" American Literature in Europe -
"Firstworldwar.com." First World War.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
Hutchinson, George. "Harlem Renaissance (American Literature and Art)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 20 Aug. 2014. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
Harlem Renaissance: A Brief Introduction. California State University, 16 June 2014. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Montgomery College. "The Lost Generation." The Lost Generation. Montgomery College, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
Ruben, Paul P. "Chapter 9: Harlem Renaissance - An Introduction." PAL:
"The Bonus Army." The Bonus Army. Communications Inc., 2000. Web. 02 Oct. 2014. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/snprelief4.htm>.
"The Lost Generation" British Library, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
"World of Many Wars." : World War 1 : How Did WW1 Affect the United States? N.p., 1 May 2011. Web. 01 Oct. 2014. <http://historywarzone.blogspot.com/2011/05/world-war-1-how-did-ww1-affect-united.html>.
Wormser, Richard. "The Harlem Renaissance." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.