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Ancient Rome presentation

social studies
by

Stephanie Lum

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Rome presentation

Ancient Rome Introduction Political System There are many different facts in the four aspects of Ancient Rome. These aspects are physical environment, political system, economic system, and the social aspects. We will tell you about each of these four things. Environment Climate Summers in Rome were very hot and dry. The temperature was often above 24 degrees Celsius. There was usually a moderate amount of rainfall. During the Winter the temperature was just above 10 degrees Celsius. Rome in Northern Europe was very wet. Economic System Technology Romans had heating systems in homes, villas and public baths. They exploited coal for heating. The slaves got heat by burning a fire in a furnace. The warm air moved throughout the building. Romans invented a water system called an aqueduct. The aqueduct was a bridge that carried water for drinking, bathing, and other uses. The aqueduct sloped downhill because that was the way water flowed.

Romans were good at building things, for example bridges, and roads. Romans did not do so well at building machines. Romans used slaves to work machines. For example the roman crane did not have engines. In Rome the laws were called "the Twelve tables." The Twelve Tables covers all the area of the different crimes. When lawyers help defend the person, they don't get paid from their clients. Prisons were for holding people while awaiting trial or execution. People like peasants or slaves were punished by an eye for an eye. Only wealthy people get there trial on the court. When ever some one was getting punished they would have to go to the court like us. A lot of laws from ancient Rome is similar to today's laws. Legal System Citizenship The Romans had to pay tax and had to have some experience in the military. Social Aspects Family Life Family life for ancient Rome was very different from now. The father was the most important person in the family. He had the choice of life or death in his family. The mother was expected to take care of the home and the children. That meant she had to cook meals and clean up their home and raise the children.
Marriages were mostly made by their family. Many girls got married when they were fourteen. Arts Artists in Rome made masks and sculptures for the people that died or were rich. People that had a death could get a servant to wear it to occasions in memory of the person who died. People that were famous or rich would make sculptures of themselves naked. They would also make heads of themselves. Food Romans enjoyed their food. Most of the food they ate was either boiled or fried in olive oil. Breakfast was called "jentaculum". This meal was eaten in the master bedroom. They usually ate a slice of bread or a wheat pancake with dates and honey. Romans mostly drank wine. Lunch was eaten around 11:00 a.m. This meal was called "prandium". Romans ate a light lunch with bread, cheese, and sometimes meat. The main meal of the day was called "cena", eaten on a late afternoon or early evening. It could take 1-4 hours. The last meal of the day was a light supper eaten before they went to bed. They ate bread and fruit during this meal. The Romans did not eat lots of meat. Most of the food they ate were vegetables, fruits, olives, and bread. Shelter Clothing Clothing in ancient Rome was made of wool that was spun into cloth by the women in the family. The people that could afford clothes, would buy linen, cotton or silk. A toga was a type of clothing for men that was made of wool and was very large. It draped over the body and covered one arm. There was lots of material needed to make it and they were very expensive. A tunic was a plain dress for all men. Romans either wore it plain, with a strap at the waist, or under a cloak. Most people wore it under a toga. When indoors Romans wore open-toed sandals, but when outdoors they preferred close-toed shoes. Trade Romans traded goods threw out the empire. Romans gave goods to get valuable items from other places. Roads were used to transport goods to trade. Boats were also used to transport goods by water. Romans traded with Britain for jewelery. They got silk and wool from China. Also the Romans traded goods for cotton from Egypt, and got animal skins from Africa. Ostiol was an important delivery port for Rome. Government Government in Rome is very different than ours today. The Roman government was a lot like the Greeks. Today they still have a few old rules in their government. In Rome they had consuls and it was a group of men from wealthy families and women were not allowed. Now there are also senates. Senates are more powerful than consuls. Consuls would get advice from the senate. The senate is also made up of wealthy men and would decide whether to start a war or attack enemies. There were also tribunes who speak for the poor so they can have a better life. If the senate said veto ("Latin for I forbid it") nothing would be done. Animal Life In ancient Rome, there were a lot of animals including deers, elks, various songbirds, moose, rats, snakes, tortoise, dogs, horses, and cats. Humans usually sacrificed them, sold them or cooked them. Horses were also used as transportation. Religion In Rome their religion is a lot like Greek religion yet different than Greeks. One of the things that were same as Greek religion is that each god controls different parts of the world. Romans were interested in contracts. They thought of giving sacrifice to the gods so they would help them in return. The Roman chief was Jupiter and its name is related to the name Zeus, throwing lightning bolts when they were angry. Jews worshiped their god and adopted Roman gods. Greeks and Romans were distantly related because they both worshiped European gods. Romans started to adopt Greek gods when they met more of them and they also worshiped gods who conquered other areas. Their Emperors were also their gods. Education In Rome education was very important and rich people In Rome had faith that their children should have a good education but the poor couldn't because they did not have enough money, but they would learn how to read and write. Wealthy families would have a tutor or go to school. Roman schools were individual and would have a shop as an extension. Boys who went to Roman schools had fear because even if they got one answer wrong they got punished. Children worked 7 days a week and they had to go home at sunset and wake up early. Defense and War In Rome 200 B.C. there were lots of bloody wars. Rome was the best because of their leaders and weapons. It's army was fit and disciplined. Training was very harsh and soldiers would get replaced if they did something wrong. The important fighting unit was the legates for the Romans. They would test their techniques to see if it worked or not. One of the techniques was for the cavalry to attack the enemy at the flanks. Just like now, rich Romans had different types of homes than the poor. Poor Romans lived in apartment houses called flats which were made out of wood. These were normally behind or above their shops. Sometimes they rented the apartment on the upper stories to other people. Some apartments were bigger, sanitary, and pleasant. Others were not as big or nice. Sometimes the entire family would be crowded into one room. People had to carry water from public facilities and used public toilets. Upper class homes had very little furniture and no carpeting. Their homes included a front door, bedrooms, a kitchen, a dining room, a garden, and a private bathroom. Transportation People traveled by land and sea. Ancient Romans used horse drawn wagons, carriage, and a packhorse or mule. One type of transportation they used was something called the arcera. It had four wheels and was usually pulled by two or more horses. Another vehicle Romans used was called a basterna. This vehicle was mostly used by the women in ancient Rome. It was moved by two mules, one in the front and the other in the back. A carpentum was a vehicle used in Rome as early as 500 B.C. It was a carriage with two wheels and had seats for two or three people. This was pulled by two mules or horses. Vegetation The vegetation of ancient Rome is much like Rome today! Farmers and gardeners planted the same thing that Romans plant today. Physical Features In ancient Rome, there were a lot of hills, mountains, swamps, forests, and deserts. When Rome was a small city, it was right on 7 mountains called Esquiline, Palatine, Aventine, Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, and Caelian. Political Structure Rome started out as a republic. Two elected Consuls shared head of the government. The Consuls were elected by the Senate. The Consuls job was controlling Rome's army. The Senate was made up of patricians who were the wealthy families of ancient Rome. Patricians made laws if they were in the Senate and also controlled government spending. Members of the Senate were not elected. Instead the Consuls chose them. When the Consuls chose them they would serve for their whole life. There were 300 seats in the Senate. When a new seat opened a new Senator was selected by the Consul. Health Romans believed that if they stayed clean they stayed healthy. Romans found out that if they stayed away from swamps and marshes there would be less of a chance of getting disease. To prevent disease they created a large public health system. Romans believed that prevention from illness was better than a cure for illness. Romans thought if they built a temple of the gods they could reduce the chance of getting disease. They also made people move away from the areas for safety. Romans believed that not just marshes and swamps caused disease. They believed bad air, bad water, sewage, debris, and lack of personal cleanness. In some spots no one could avoid this. Rome Credits Physical Environment All by Kevin. Political System Legal System-Ethan
Citizenship-Ethan
Defense and War-Arezo
Government-Arezo Ancient Rome Alphabet Economic System Technology-Callum
Food-Stephanie
Shelter-Stephanie
Clothing-Stephanie
Trade-Callum
Transportation-Stephanie
Health-Callum Social Aspects Family Life-Stefano
Arts-Stefano
Education-Arezo
Religion-Arezo
Alphabet-Ethan Presentation by: Arezo, Callum, Ethan,
Kevin, Stephanie, and
Stefano Education
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