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Philippine Literature Under American Regime

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Marjorie BSA 2-1

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Philippine Literature Under American Regime

Historical Background
The Filipino revolutionists won against the Spaniards and our flag was hoisted on July 12, 1898 as a symbol of our independence. But it was short-lived because in 1903, the Filipino-American War commenced.
The peace movements started as early as 1900. Many Filipinos started writing again in all forms of literature like news, reporting, poetry, stories, plays, essays, novels, etc. Their writings clearly depicted their love of country and their longings for independence.
The awakening in the field
of literature started
to be felt in the following
newspapers:
El Nuevo Dia (The New Day) - Sergio Osmena, 1900
El Nuevo Dia (The New Day)
- Sergio Osmena, 1900


El Grito Del Pueblo
(The Call of the Nation)
- Pascual Poblete, 1900


El Renacimiento
(The Rebirth)
- Rafael Palma, 1901

Three Groups of Writers
During the
American Regime
Spanish Writers
English Writers
Filipino Writers
Spanish Writers
Cecilio Apostol
a.k.a. Catulo
Masterpiece:
A Rizal
His poems were used to teach the Spanish language


Fernando Ma. Guerrero

Masterpiece:
Crisalidas
Favorite Theme: eternal sadness of things
Prince of Filipino lyric poets in Spanish

Claro M. Recto
Masterpiece:
Bajos los Cocoteros
Father of Philippine Constitution

Jesus Balmori
Masterpiece: Mi Casa de Nipa, Mi Choza ni Nipa
Premio Zobel Awardee
Poet Laureate in Spanish
Manuel Bernabe
Masterpiece:
Rubaiyat

translation in Spanish
King of Balagtasan in Spanish

Filipino Writers
Lope K. Santos
Masterpiece:
Banaag at Sikat
Father of the Filipino Grammar
“Apo" of the Tagalog Writers

Amado V. Hernandez
Masterpiece:
Luha ng Buwaya, Ang Panday, Isang Dipang Langit
First King of Balagtasan
A Pillar in Tagalog Literature

Jose Corazon de Jesus
Masterpiece:
Ang Isang Punong Kahoy, Bayan Ko, Huseng Batute
The Legendary Lyric Poet
King of Balagtasan

Aurelio Tolentino
Masterpiece:
Kahapon, Ngayon, at Bukas
Coined the word dula
Father of the Tagalog Drama

Severino Reyes

a.k.a. Lola Basyang
Masterpiece:
Walang Sugat, Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang
Father of the Tagalog Plays
Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela

English Writers
Francisco Benitez
Masterpiece:
What is an Educated Filipino
First editor of the Philippine Journal of Education


Paz Marquez Benitez

Masterpiece:
Dead Stars
First Filipino modern English language short story writer

Zoilo Galang
Masterpiece:
A Child of Sorrow, Nadia,
Encyclopedia of the Philippines
Filipino Encyclopedist
First English language Filipino novelist

Carlos P. Romulo
Masterpiece:
The Voice of Freedom, I am Filipino, I Saw the Fall of the Philippines, My Brother Americans
Jose Garcia Villa
a.k.a.
Doveglion
National Artist of the Philippines for Literature, 1973
Comma Poet
Introduced reverse consonance rhyme scheme


Rafael Zulueta de Costa

Masterpiece: Like the Molave and Other Poems
Commonwealth Literary Awardee for Poetry 1940

Salvador P. Lopez
Masterpiece: Literature and Society
(a collection of critical reflections and serious essays)
Vidal A. Tan
Masterpiece: The Husband of Mrs. Cruz,
Modern High School Arithmetic for the Philippines (1924)
Wilfrido Maria Guerrero
Masterpiece: Wanted:
A Chaperon
National Artist for Philippine Theater (1997)

Manuel E. Arguilla
Masterpiece: How my Brother Leon Brought Home A Wife, Epilogue to Reconciliation
Republic Cultural Heritage Awardee (1972)

Nick Joaquin
a.k.a. Quijano de Manila
Masterpiece:
May Day Eve, The Woman Who Had Two Navels, A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino, Summer Solstice
Republic Cultural Heritage Awardee (1961),
National Artist of the Philippines for Literature (1976)
The most important Filipino writer in English

Carmen Gurrero Nakpil
Masterpiece:
Woman Enough and Other Essays, The Land and the People
Lifetime Achievement Awardee (2005)
Icon of Philippine Literature and Journalism

N.V.M. Gonzalez
Masterpiece:
The Winds of April, The Bamboo Dancers,
A Season of Grace, Children of the Ash-Covered Loam
Palanca Memorial Awardee for Literature
National Artist Awardee for Literature (1997)
Centennial Award for Literature (1998)

Thank You
for Watching
Full transcript