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The Age of Exploration
Transcript of The Age of Exploration
Western European Monarchs
1212 Imperialism Way
Portugal and Spain, EU
The 'New World'
1010 'Asia' Avenue, Apartment # We Were Already Here
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
The Search for Spices
Europe had been trading with East Asia through the Mediterranean Sea
As you know, Muslims now controlled the trade routes between Asia and Western Europe -> Portugal and Spain to find alternate route
With population growing, most valued items were spices- why?
Preserve food, add flavor to dry meat, and to make medicines and perfumes
The Moluccas (Indonesia) 'The Spice Islands'
Only part of the reason...
The Race to Spices
Portuguese were the first exploration giant:
created more accurate maps
The Portuguese further developed the
faster and further
Henry the Navigator
explored western coast of Africa
Vasco da Gama
established the first European trade sea route to India using this route
Asia! I Think?
To compete with Portugal, Spanish Queen Isabella hired
Purpose: less exploration and trade, and more for conquest and exploitation to make Spain rich, using religion as a rationale
October 12, spotted land and named these people 'Indians' for Indies. Was really in Hispaniola (Haiti & Dom Repub)
1st lasting European contact with the Americas
Juan Ponce de Leon
- 1513 Florida, claimed for Spain- First European to set foot on continental United States since Vikings
What set the stage for Europe to conquer the Americas, instead of the other way around?
(1) Food production-> Lead to larger populations & more exposure to diseases; thus, eventual immunity
(2) Political organization- Organized structures are able to mobilize resources
(3) Writing- Making information available, motivating and guiding explorers, and providing documentation
(4) Advancements in technology (guns & steel)
Europeans were not the first to explore, think that the world was round, that the sun was the center, etc.
Read p. 415 'Europeans in the New World' through p.421
Quiz on Monday/Tuesday (24th and 25th) on today, next class, and assigned reading
Today's Question: How Should History View Columbus?
Columbus vs. Casas
Teach the Following...
1. Context of your Primary Source
2. 4 of the most important takeaways from the passage, with textual evidence to support
Discuss the Following...
1. Do you think Columbus would have approved of the changes that occurred in Hispanola?
2. Should we keep Columbus Day as a National Holiday?
3. How did the relationship between the Spanish and the natives change over time, and how were the Spanish successful in exploiting the natives?