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The Age of Exploration

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by

Ryan Rosso

on 24 October 2016

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Transcript of The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration
Western European Monarchs
1212 Imperialism Way
Portugal and Spain, EU

The 'New World'
1010 'Asia' Avenue, Apartment # We Were Already Here
"Spice Islands"
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
The Search for Spices
Europe had been trading with East Asia through the Mediterranean Sea

As you know, Muslims now controlled the trade routes between Asia and Western Europe -> Portugal and Spain to find alternate route

With population growing, most valued items were spices- why?

Preserve food, add flavor to dry meat, and to make medicines and perfumes

The Moluccas (Indonesia) 'The Spice Islands'

Only part of the reason...
The Race to Spices
Portuguese were the first exploration giant:
Cartographers
created more accurate maps

The Portuguese further developed the
caravel-
faster and further

Portugal Prince
Henry the Navigator
explored western coast of Africa

In 1497,
Vasco da Gama
established the first European trade sea route to India using this route






Asia! I Think?
To compete with Portugal, Spanish Queen Isabella hired
Christopher Columbus
(Italian)

Purpose: less exploration and trade, and more for conquest and exploitation to make Spain rich, using religion as a rationale

October 12, spotted land and named these people 'Indians' for Indies. Was really in Hispaniola (Haiti & Dom Repub)

1st lasting European contact with the Americas

Juan Ponce de Leon
- 1513 Florida, claimed for Spain- First European to set foot on continental United States since Vikings
What set the stage for Europe to conquer the Americas, instead of the other way around?

(1) Food production-> Lead to larger populations & more exposure to diseases; thus, eventual immunity

(2) Political organization- Organized structures are able to mobilize resources

(3) Writing- Making information available, motivating and guiding explorers, and providing documentation

(4) Advancements in technology (guns & steel)

Europeans were not the first to explore, think that the world was round, that the sun was the center, etc.


Hemispheres Colliding
Read p. 415 'Europeans in the New World' through p.421

Quiz on Monday/Tuesday (24th and 25th) on today, next class, and assigned reading
Today's Question: How Should History View Columbus?
Columbus vs. Casas

Teach the Following...
1. Context of your Primary Source
2. 4 of the most important takeaways from the passage, with textual evidence to support

Discuss the Following...
1. Do you think Columbus would have approved of the changes that occurred in Hispanola?
2. Should we keep Columbus Day as a National Holiday?
3. How did the relationship between the Spanish and the natives change over time, and how were the Spanish successful in exploiting the natives?
Full transcript