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Philosophy of Man (Philosophical Anthropology) (0) - Introduction

What is Philosophical Anthropology?
by

Gulielmus Ng

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Philosophy of Man (Philosophical Anthropology) (0) - Introduction

Philosophical
Anthropology

INTRODUCTION
1. nature, object, methodology
NATURE , OBJECT, METHODOLOGY
GENESIS and DEVELOPMENT of
Philosophical Anthropology
INTRODUCTION
TO
THE STUDY OF MAN

2. introduction to the Study of Man
WHY
should we study
Philosophical Anthropology?
IMPORTANCE I
Man seeks TRUTH
esp. knowledge of himself
Only when we know sth
that we know...
what to expect
and
what not to expect
from it
how it works
What am I?
Where did I come from?
Questions concerning ourselves...
Where am I supposed to go?
What am I supposed to do?
Is there meaning in life?
IMPORTANCE II
man 's nature and dignity
Philosophical Anthrology studies...
Sociology
Economics
Medicine
Politics
etc.
essential for
deepest truths about man
essential for
other fields of Philosophy and Theology
such as...
freedom
conscience
responsibility
ethical norms
Philosophical Anthropology
Ethics
(Metaphysics of the Good)
Moral Theology
man's Creator
relationship
worship
obedience
Philosophical Anthropology
Philosophy of Religion
man's position in society
contributions
rights
Philosophical Anthropology
Social Philosophy
Political Philosophy
steps to acceptance of Faith
Philosophical Anthropology
Fundamental Theology
grace
human and supernatural virtues
gifts and fruits of the Holy Spirit
freedom - reward / punishment
Philosophical Anthropology
Theological Anthropology
spiritual life of man
its growth and development
Philosophical
Anthropology
Spiritual Theology
reward or punishment
at the end of life
Philosophical
Anthropology
Eschatology
How did
Philosophical Anthropology
COME about?
19th C
1960's
Plato
pre-existence and immortality of the soul
man is a soul imprisoned in a body
German philosophy
Anthropology
Augustine of Hippo
human being is a composite of
body
and
soul
Max Scheler
phenomenological angel
cultural angel
20th C
Psychology
positive sciences
400 AD
French structuralist philosophy
added ethnological anthropology, psychoanalysis and some linguistic methods
supported them on transcendental philosophy (critical / materialist / idealist)
~500 BC
beginning
of
Rational Psychology
or
Philosophy of Man
closer to Aristotle's idea than to Plato's
body is essential to the human person
caro tua, coniux tua
your body is your wife
metaphysically distinct
united
(superior)
Philosophical
Anthropology
Rational
Psychology
Phenomenology
Culture & History
ethnology
sociological sciences of particular / national cultures
Kant
Hegel
soul - body, desires, affectivity, consciousness, will, death, etc.
Max Scheler
Philosophical Anthropology
Psychology
Nietzsche
Kierkegaard
early 20th C
Philosophical
Anthropology
developed
as a separate discipline
NEW
in his work
Rational
Psychology
medieval scholasticism
Wolff
Kant
Hegel
OLD
NEW
old metaphysics
of
living beings
rational psychology
transcendental idealism
vitalism
existentialism
dialectics
hermeneutics
phenomenology
analytical philosophy
Wundt
Watson
Freud
behavioral sciences
Philosophical
Psychology
(positive sciences)
old rational psychology
anthropology
&
sociology
social philosophy
&
political philosophy
Anglosaxon
without
culture and history
ASPECTS
of
HUMAN LIFE

INTELLECTION
INTER
-
SUBJECT
IVITY

VOLITION
human acts
of
knowing
willing
and
their principles
the
PERSON
relation
the
OTHERS
morality
religion
science
technology
art
civilisation
culture
history
SCIENCES
WHAT
is
Philosophical Anthropology?
Material Object
Formal Object
Quod
Quo
Metaphysics
ens (being)
ultimate causes
reason
Philosophical
Anthropology
anthropos (man)
ultimate causes
reason
Complementary
Studies

Gnoseology
Ethics
Aesthetics
Philosophy
of
Religion
Social
Philosophy
intellect & truth
intellect, will & good
beauty
Christ
ianity

dignity
Approach
three angles
Metaphysical
Phenomenological
Cultural
MAN
knowledge
OTHERS
REALITY
MAN
will
intellect
act of being
REALITY
MAN
Husserl
WORLD
phenomena
meaning / significance
descriptive
view of MAN
the IMAGE and LIKENESS
of
GOD
a
person
soul
Christ's
Redemption
adopted
son of God
personalistic norm
self
-possession /
self
hood
in
alienability
self
-determination
philosophical synthesis
metaphysical examination
REALLY?
Historical Development
positive / empirical / particular
of
METAPHYSICS
(empirical / experimental)
PSYCHOLOGY
SOCIOLOGY
scientific-positivist
ANTHROPOLOGY
NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
enrich
unifies
supernatural reality
flawed!
Christian
faith
COMPLETE
biased
MAN
has

MAN
has been created in
intellect
will
faculties
in
above the
animals
Only MAN is
is NOT something
but SOMEONE
object
SUBJECT
inner life
truth & goodness
man
chooses
his ends
He is an
ACT
ing
SUBJECT
.
unique & non-transferable
álteri incommunicábilis
SUPERNATURAL
dignity
Man should be loved
FOR HIS OWN SAKE
.
He is
some-one
,
not some-thing.
He ought to be loved
AS AN END
,
not as a means to an end.
SCIENCES that study man
FOCI of Philosophical Anthropology
The light of Christian FAITH and view of man
Relationship between
Philosophical Anthropology and Human Sciences
Complementary study to
OTHER PHILOSOPHICAL DISCIPLINES
about man
Full transcript