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The Virginia Plan vs. The New Jersey Plan

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Amani Jabbaar

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of The Virginia Plan vs. The New Jersey Plan

The Virginia Plan vs.
The New Jersey Plan
(created by: Amani Jabbaar and Nikia Abner)

The Virginia Plan
Edmund Randolph of Virginia opened up the Convention with a surprise. He proposed the Virginia Plan that called for a strong national government.
The purpose of the plan was to protect large states interests in the new government.
The New Jersey Plan
Was one option as to how the United States would be governed
Less powerful national government
One vote per each state in Congress instead of voting based on population
This was to protect the interests of the smaller states from being outcasted by the larger states
William Paterson created the New Jersey Plan
The supporters of this plan were...
New York
New Jersey
Gave Congress the power to tax
One-house legislature
Less powerful national government
Equal representation in the legislative branch
Small populated states
The members of the lower house would then choose members of the upper house .
James Madison created a government with three branches; a two-house legislature.
They preferred a system in which all states had equal representatives
The supporters of this plan were...
James Madison
George Washington
North Carolina
It proposed a separation of powers that would become divided into three branches; legislative,executive,judicial
This plan also allowed new states to enter the United States
The Great Compromise
The Compromise combined the two plans by the number of representatives a state has; is not based on size but on population. So that larger states don't ''gang up'' on smaller states just because they have more power. It also combined both plans by having a bicameral legislature and have representation with population. Also, to have equal representation through the senate.
Which Plan is Better?
The Virginia Plan is better because it's basically saying that representation is based on the size of the state. If you have a big state and one representative, it won't work because one person can't make decisions for the whole state. The more representatives there are, the better it will be for the state.
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