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Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement
July 26, 1948
President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, which states, "It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."
May 17, 1954
The famous Supreme Court case known as Brown v. Board of Education, taking place in Topeka, Kansas. The case rules that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson which sanctioned "separate but equal."
The ruling in this case paves the way for large-scale desegregation.
December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger. This went against a Southern law. Refusing to give up her seat, she was arrested. In response to her arrest the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott, which will last for more than a year, until the buses are desegregated Dec. 21, 1956. Martin Luther King Jr. leaded the boycott.
May 4, 1961
Over the spring and summer, student volunteers begin taking bus trips through the South to test out new laws that prohibit segregation in interstate travel facilities, which includes bus and railway stations. The freedom riders involved more than 1,000 volunteers, black and white These groups were known as "freedom riders," and are attacked by angry mobs along the way.
April 16, 1963
Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail," arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
January 23, 1964
The 24th Amendment abolishes the poll tax, which originally had been instituted in 11 southern states after Reconstruction to make it difficult for poor blacks to vote.
July 2, 1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin. The law also provides the federal government with the powers to enforce desegregation.
Do you have a right to privacy?
Do you have a right for freedom of speech?
What rights are you guarenteed?
Does the government protect our liberties?
Is it ever justifed to disobey the law?
Using what you learned today and prior knowledge answer the following questions.
3 ways the Civil Rights Movement was successful
2 ways advocates for the Civil Rights Movements helped change civil rights
1 way you think civil rights can be improved today