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Transcript of Poetic Devices
-Judith Rodriguez rhyme scheme rhyme scheme is the rhyming pattern of the poem;
it is identified by letters of the alphabet Example:
The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, (a)
And sorry I could not travel both (b)
And be one traveler, long I stood (a)
And looked down one as far as I could (a)
To where it bent in the undergrowth; (b)
Then took the other, as just as fair, (c)
And having perhaps the better claim, (d)
Because it was grassy and wanted wear, (c)
Though as for that the passing there (c)
Had worn them really about the same. (d)
And both that morning equally lay (e)
In leaves no step had trodden black .(f)
Oh, I kept the first for another day! (e)
Yet knowing how way leads on to way (e)
I doubted if I should ever come back. (f)
I shall be telling this with a sigh (g)
Somewhere ages and ages hence: (h)
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, (g)
I took the one less traveled by, (g)
And that has made all the difference. (h)
-Robert Frost Repetition repetition is the use of a word, phrase, or sound more than once President Obama used repetition in campaign speeches by repeating the phrase "Yes we can" Imagery Imagery is language that appeals to the 5 senses so that the reader can vividly imagine the scene in their mind The newborn flowers blossom
in all sizes and vivid colors.
When you walk by, their sweet
and luscious aromas ensnare you..
The beautiful butterflies titter
Around the light grassy areas.
The trees are full of lush, dark green leaves.
Spring is when you can really savor
the intense scent of nature. sight smell hear sight smell Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of sound at the beginnings of words. Often, these words begin with the same letter. However, this is not always the case. example:
Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter’s bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. the following song, "Helplessly Hoping", also has lots of examples of alliteration: Onomatopoeia examples: bang, crash, trickle, beep, drizzle, quack Onomatopoeia is a word whose sound echos its meaning. The following performance is of a poem that contains lots of onomatopoeia. See if you can find them! Simile a simile is a comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as" example: Her smile is like a ray of sunshine, bringing happiness into people's lives. Metaphor a metaphor is a comparison of two unlike things without using the words "like" or "as" Example:
Her smile is a ray of sunshine, bringing happiness into my life. Extended Metaphor An extended metaphor is a metaphor that extends over many lines or the entire poem Example: "Steam Shovel by Charles Malam
The dinosaurs are not all dead.
I saw One raise its iron head
To watch me walking down the road
Beyond our house today.
Its jaws were dripping with a load
Of earth and grass that had it cropped.
It must have heard me where I stopped,
Snorted white steam my way,
And stretched its long neck out to see,
And chewed, and grinned quite amiably. this poem has an exended metaphor, which compares a dinosaur to a steam shovel throughout the entire poem Stanza a stanza is a group of lines in poetry The sea is a hungry dog,
Giant and grey.
He rolls on the beach all day.
With his clashing teeth and shaggy jaws
Hour upon hour he gnaws
The rumbling, tumbling stones,
And 'Bones, bones, bones, bones!
The giant sea-dog moans,
Licking his greasy paws.
And when the night wind roars
And the moon rocks in the stormy cloud,
He bounds to his feet and snuffs and sniffs,
Shaking his wet sides over the cliffs,
and howls and hollos long and loud.
But on quite days in May or June,
When even the grasses on the dune
Play no more their reedy tune,
With his head between his paws
He lies on the sandy shores,
So quiet, so quiet, he scarcely snores. this poem has 3 stanzas Personification giving human characteristics to non-human things are animals example:
The teapot sang as the water boiled
The ice cubes cackled in their glass
the teacups chattered to one another.
While the chairs were passing gas
The gravy gurgled merrily
As the oil danced in a pan.
Oh my dinnertime chorus
What a lovely, lovely clan! a teapot doesn't have the mouth required to sing or cackle Chairs can't do that either! Maybe the author is referring to the sound a chair makes when scraped across the floor. Oil can't dance. But it can spatter, which maybe looks like dancing in a way.