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Transcript of The Beatitudes
Jesus' teachings on how to be happy.
Jesus gave us the Beatitudes at the Sermon on the Mount. His purpose for telling the crowd about these was to teach people how to be happy and to get into heaven.
We find the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, in chapters 5-7. With the exception of a short introduction, Matthew lets Jesus "speak for himself".
Luke's gospel also includes the Sermon, but he names it the Sermon on the Plain. Luke has Jesus teaching only the Apostles, while Matthew shows Jesus teaching the crowd (including the Apostles).
Since Matthew was writing his gospel for Jewish Christians, he was showing Jesus as the new Moses (who ascended Mt. Sinai to get the 10 Commandments). Jesus' Sermon on the Mount (and his talk of the Law) would have reminded the people of Moses.
In addition to the Beatitudes and the clarification of the Law, Jesus also taught us how to pray. The Lord's Prayer is found in verses 9-13 of chapter 6 of Matthew's gospel.
Blessed are the poor in spirit,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who mourn,
for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek,
for they will inherit the land.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
for they will be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful,
for they will be shown mercy.
Blessed are the clean of heart,
for they will see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers,
for they shall be called Children of God.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
In chapter 5, verses 23-25, Jesus is talking about reconciling with people we have hurt or who have hurt us (re-friending in the words of Fr. Mike). This verse is evidence of why we exchange the sign of peace before Communion.
In Matthew 6, we hear the gospel readings for Ash Wednesday. Part of it comes from the first verses and part of it comes from verses 16-18.
When Jesus asks us to pray "Thy kingdom come, " he is telling us that it is GOD, not man, working in the petitions.
When Jesus teaches us to ask for our Daily Bread, he is reminding us that we should pray for a speedy coming of the kingdom as God gives us all we need until then.
When Jesus tells us to ask God to forgive our debts (trespasses) he reminds us that God will forgive our sins at the final judgment.
When Jesus tells us to beg God to refrain from subjecting us to the final test, he is telling us to pray that God will save all disciples from the trials and tests (troubles and temptations) of the final days.
You will need to know real-life examples of the Beatitudes:
*Being poor in spirit means remembering that we are totally dependent on God.
* Mourning means that we can cry at funerals rather than pretending to be strong.
* Being meek means that we don't fight back, but we do stand our ground and do not run away.
* Hungering and thirsting for righteousness means that we pray that God will come into our lives and fill all our needs.
* Being merciful means that, as a teacher, I give someone a second chance when they are caught cheating.
* Being clean of heart means that we serve others without expecting anything in return.
Being a peacemaker means that we join conflict resolution groups, learning ways to help others avoid or resolve conflict.
* Being persecuted for the sake of righteousness means that we pray for an end to abortion, even if people make fun of us or shout at us.