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COLD WAR A-Z
Transcript of COLD WAR A-Z
BY: Zarria Hawkins
A competition for supermacy in nuclear warfare between the United States and the Soviet Union.
a member of the political
party that started to rule Russia in 1917.
a political party advocating the principles of
communism, especially as developed by Marx and Lenin.
wight D. Eisenhower
was the popular 34th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1953 to 1961.
a lifelong military man, commanding the D-Day invasion while serving as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II.
Communist leader of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
Cuban leader Fidel Castro established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship.
He ruled over Cuba for nearly five decades, until giving power to his younger brother Raúl in 2008.
Openness was the complete transparency and accountability of the operations of all government departments in the Soviet Union.
United States dropped it from a plane over the tiny island Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
The test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward.
boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
The man who turned the Soviet Union from a backward country into a world superpower at unimaginable human cost.
uomintang of China
is a political party of the Republic of China (Taiwan) whose guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People.
George Kennan, the American charge d'affaires in Moscow sends an 8,000-word telegram to the Department of State detailing his views on the Soviet Union, and U.S. policy toward the communist state.
Kennan's analysis provided one of the most influential underpinnings for America's Cold War policy of containment.
named after the Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov and the German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop,
was an agreement officially titled the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union and signed in Moscow in the late hours of 23 August 1939.
It was a non-aggression pact under which the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany each pledged to remain neutral in the event that either nation were attacked by a third party. It remained in effect until 22 June 1941, when Germany started its invasion of the Soviet Union, called Operation Barbarossa.
ational Security Act of 1947
mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government. The act created many of the institutions that Presidents found useful when formulating and implementing foreign policy, including the National Security Council
Council included the President, Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, and others (such as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency), they met at the White House to discuss both long-term problems and more immediate national security crises.
the test of the first British atomic device on 3 October 1952.
A plutonium implosion device was detonated in the lagoon in Western Australia.
The Potsdam Conference was held in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945.
The participants were the victorious allies of World War II, they gathered to decide how to administer Germany.
Also the conference goals included establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war.
naval quarantine on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of offensive military weapons from arriving there.
the quarantine of Cuba set by President John Kennedy in 1962
in the October crisis of that year when American warships were going to stop Russian freighters carrying missiles to Cuba.
Russian revolution ended the Russian empire.
The revolution was directly followed by a war between capitalism and communism
communist side was mainly red army with other smaller groups
capitalist side most of Europe, USA and Canada,
red army won the war
led to communism in Russia.
United States and the Soviet Union engaged a competition to see who had the best technology in space.
This included such events as who could put the first manned spacecraft into orbit and who would be the first to walk on the Moon.
The Space Race was considered important because it showed the world which country had the best science, technology, and economic system.
reaty of Paris
the official peace treaty between the United States and Britain that ended the American Revolutionary War.
It was signed on September 3, 1783.
The Congress of the Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784.
This was five weeks after the deadline, but nobody complained.
iet Minh communists
a Communist guerrilla force founded in 1941 to fight against the joint Japanese and Vichy French occupation of Vietnam during World War II.
Its full name was Viet Nam Ðoc Lap Ðong Minh Hoi translates as the League for Viet Nam's Independence.
The purpose was to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people.
The Warsaw Pact was a military alliance of the Eastern European Soviet Bloc countries intended to organize against the perceived threat from the NATO alliance, established in 1949.
a meeting of British prime minister Winston Churchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt
in February 1945 as World War II was dying down.
agreed to require Germany’s unconditional surrender and to set up in the four zones of occupation to be run by their three countries and France.
Almost any culture that comes into the US, whether they be Jews or Mexicans, that do not do their daily business in English is feared by at least some people
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) from 1931 to 1956.
He was appointed, by order of Stalin and the Comintern, General Secretary of KKE in 1935.
arrested by the right-wing Metaxas dictatorship the following year.