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Caroline Herschel

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Holly T

on 12 July 2013

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Transcript of Caroline Herschel

Caroline Herschel
Who is she?
Caroline Herschel was a German/British Astronomer. She worked along side her brother, Sir William Herschel, who discovered the planet Uranus which was discovered in 1781.
What problems did she face ?
When she was 10, she was diagnosed with a deformation named Typhus. This meant she never grew taller than the height of 4"3 .In centimetres this is 129cm which is the equivalent to the height of 4 rulers.

How did she overcome these problems?
Her father intended for all his children to study Maths, French and Music.Because of her condition, her mother thought she would never marry so she became a house servant .

But her brother developed an interest in astronomy which soon became a hobby to both him and Caroline.
What was happening at the time of their discoveries?
After conducting research we have found that although Carolines brother was given the majority of the credit for their findings, she was "behind ALL of his endeavors".
She was the first professional women astronomer
She was also in the team that constructed the largest telescope.
In 1700's the following events happened:
# Battle of Jersey
# The Rise of Industrial events such as;
~ factories
~ working at home
# The idea of the "housewife"
# French revolution

How was it for women at the time of Caroline Herschel?
"Women were seen as nothing more than mere objects.
Men took the role of the puppeteer and women took the role of the puppets.
The role of women was determined around the time philosophers and scientists, all males, were controlling society.
For a long time up until the 1960’s, women were seen as the “second sex”, and deemed second in importance, biologically.

"However long we live, life is short, so I work. And however important man becomes, he is nothing compared to the stars. There are secrets, dear sister, and it is for us to reveal them."
Caroline Herschel

by Charlotte, Hannah, Izzy, Holly & Alice
She was given the following awards:

1828 The Royal Astronomical Society awards her the gold medal

1832 King of Denmark honors her discoveries with a medal

1835 Royal astronomical society awards her with a Honorary Membership

1846 King of Prussia awards gold medal for science.
Caroline discovered 7 comets in her life, one of which was called Halleys Comet which she discovered in 1836.
as shown in the background
Full transcript