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The Assyrian Empire
Transcript of The Assyrian Empire
The Assyrian Empire
N Iraq, NE Syria, and SE Turkey
2 Kings 18:9-12
2 Kings 15:19,29
2 Kings 19:14-36
The Northern boundary was the cities of Kanish and Tushpa in the Caucasus Mountains. These cities were in modern day Southeast Turkey.
The Western Boundary was the Mediterranean Sea which included the cities of Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, Gaza, all the way to Cyprus. In the South, the western boundary extended into Egypt.
Hezekiah prayed that God would deliver the Israelites from the Assyrian Empire. v14-18
Isaiah prophesied against the Assyrian Empire under King Sennacherib. He said that God said he would protect Israel. v18-34
An angel went through the Assyrian camp and killed 185,000 men.
Once Sennacherib returned to Nineveh, he was killed by his own sons.
The Eastern Boundary was the cities of Susa and Ecbatana in Persia.
The Southern Boundary
went all the way to Nubia past Thebes and Jeb, in Egypt.
God sent Jonah to prophesy to the people of Nineveh, Assyria's capital.
He preached of God's coming judgement.
After hearing this, the Assyrian king and the whole city repented of their sins.
God had given the Assyrians grace.
He turned his anger away from them for the time being.
Pul king of Assyria invaded the land during the reign of Menahem king of Israel.
Menahem gave Assyria 10,000 talents of silver to gain support and strengthen his own hold on the kingdom.
In 733 BC under King Tilgathpileser, Assyria took Israel's land and carried the inhabitants into exile.
In 721 BC Assyria besieged Israel's capital, Samaria.
It fell two years later and the Israelites were deported.
God used Assyria to bring his judgement on Israel for not obeying the Lord and keeping his covenant.
Assyria - God's Rod of Anger
President: Fouad Massoum
Prime Minister: Haider al-Abadi
Isalm is the officially recognized religion in Iraq and is practiced by 95% of the population.
Isalm does not distinguish church from state, so any separations of laws are recent.
The two forms of Muslims in Iraq are the Shiites (majority) and the Sunnis (minority).
Islam has five pillars of faith: Allah is the only God and Muhammed is his prophet, prayer five times a day, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca.
Almost all Iraqis speak the official language, Arabic.
Arabic has three different forms: classical, modern standard, and spoken.
The spoken language is Iraqi Arabic, which is very similar to the Arabic spoken in Syria, Lebanon and parts of Jordan.
The difference between the two languages is in verb form and the simplicity of vocabulary.
Iraq is divided into 18 provinces, which are subdivided into districts.
It has a parliamentary form of government with a president and prime minister.
The parliament is made up of elected officials and meets regularly to make legislative decisions.
The Iraqi economy is struggling because the United Nations put sanctions against Iraq until they comply with nuclear weapon requirements.
In 1996, the United Nations implemented the oil-for-food program. This program allowed Iraq to trade oil for only food and not cash.
Citizens receive small rations each month.
Many citizens are also selling their private property to purchase medicine and food.
With Iraq's major industry being oil and trade being limited, the economy is in a rough position.
Jobs are very limited.
They are commonly assigned by knowing someone in the government.
Those who enter the military may have more opportunity to locate work because they are trained for jobs specifically needed in the country.
Architecture includes courtyards, multicolored tiles, and arches.
Music festivals are important.
No independent writings may be published or distributed.
Graphic arts are only used for propaganda from the government.
Artistic forms of thought and expression have been banned.
View marriage as a contract between families.
Husband makes decision about divorce.
Polygamy has become more common because of the need to increase the population after the many wars.
Families usually live in extended households with sons, their wives and families, and unmarried daughters.
The man manages the property and makes final decisions as to what type of education the children receive, their occupations, and whom they will marry.
The woman takes care of the house and raises the children.
Both adults and children keep to themselves and are not loud and boisterous, especially in public.
Men hold hands or kiss when greeting each other. (Not the case for men and women)
Respect is given to elderly and women, especially women with children.
There is a big gap between the rich and poor social classes.
Those who are in the high classes of society are chosen by the government.
The once-dominant middle class has declined. These well educated people now perform unskilled labor and have joined the poor class.
Role in the World
Iraq has been a center of some big problems in the world. They have been involved in many conflicts and have needed constant attention and support from other countries. Currently Northern Iraq is the home of the
Islamic State of Iraq (ISIS)
. They are a terrorist group that wants to take control of Iraq's government and expand its borders. They also believe they are doing the will of Allah by cleansing the land of Christians and others that work against them.
The Assyrian Empire started somewhere around 1800 B.C and lasted until it's fall in 612 B.C. However, the empire peaked over the the time period of 722 B.C to 705 B.C
Key Rulers/Kings of Assyria
Shamisha Adad I
ruled from 1813 B.C to 1791 B.C
He was the first ruler and secured the boarder of Assyria
ruled from 1115 B.C to 1076 B.C
He seized Babylonia and Phoenicia.
ruled from 722 B.C to 705 B.C
Sargon the second was the ruler during the empire's peak of power.
ruled from 626 B.C to 607 B.C
He was the ruler during the time in which the empire fell.
Rising to Power
The Assyrian Empire was a very aggressive, war-craving culture. They built their empire by invaded other empires and seizing them. The had no mercy on the people and were feared by many.
the Assyrian empire fell in 612 B.C
there were constantly revolts, wars, deportations, and subjugation going on within the empire
a civil war occurred in 635 B.C, which weakened the country
although they were a brutal, warring empire, they were not stable
Many descendants of ancient Assyria live in Iraq and other middle eastern countries today. It is estimated that 2,000,000 Assyrian descendants live in Iraq today. While many of these peole follow the culture of modern Iraq, some still hold to their Assyrian herritage.
Assyria made an alliance with the Medes after their civil war, in order to help them get back on their feet
Assyria was a war loving nation much like modern Iraq. They fight/fought over borders and wanted power. Assyria is now known as a war machine and was the first empire to make militarism the central policy.
Today, in Iraq, ISIS is doing any thing they can to take over. They are trying to expand much like the Assyians would have done in thier rule of world.
Medes put a seige on the Assyiran Empire.
two months later they attacked the empire and caused it to fall
the Assyrian's were known for being very brutal, war-like people. Their culture reflects this in the fact that they were always focused on their next war strategy.
The Assyrians practiced mainly Ashurism. This was a polytheistic religion in which the worshiped a Mesopotamian city god named Ashur.
Eastern border is the Persian Gulf, West border is Ammon, It goes south to Saudi Arabia, and north to South East Turkey.
The Iraqi people practice Islam today. This is a monotheistic religion in which Allah is the only god, and Muhammad is his profit.
Assyiran Empire was considered an absolute monarchy because they only had one king.
This King was the head of power and also the head of the military, which resulted in them enforcing his rules.
The Assyrian's spoke an ancient Assyrian language,called Akkadian and then later transitioned into neo-syriac, which was more modern.
Often wrote on clay tablets in cunieform, then moved to parchment and leather.
The Assyrian's practiced a religion called Ashurism, where the main god was called Ashur. He was one of the many Mespotamian-city gods.
Many of the kings didn't force their captives to worship Ashur, however told them that their gods had abandoned them and no longer cared about their well-being, no matter what they did.
often depicted battle scenes to scare their enemies
subjects were often animals, especially horses and lions
most of their art was carved into stone
the Assyrian's were known for creating the first ever library in
they weren't books, but clay tablets that had been collected by Ashurbanipal, the current king, from all over Mespotamia.
30,000 different clay tablets and 10,000 different texts have been recovered.
they were the first to divide the circle into 360 degrees
invented concept of longitude and latitude