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Aeneas, Atreus and Thebes

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Andrew Bucklin

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of Aeneas, Atreus and Thebes

By; Taylor Gilbertson, Amanda Stefan
Matt Lopes and Andrew Bucklin Aeneas, Atreus
and Thebes The Adventures of Aeneas The Royal House of Thebes Unlike the other two books, Thebes is named after a city
Camdus, the dynastic head, is told by the Oracle at Delphi to establish his own city
He is lucky, however all of his daughters are not
They all experience a severe tragedy in their life
However the worst lucky comes to Camdus's great great grandson, Oedipus The Oracle at Delphi tells Laius, the King of Thebes, that one day he will be killed by his son
One day Laius ventures into the mountains and leaves his kids to die
While he is gone, a Sphinx besieges the city, killing anyone who cannot answer its riddle
Years later Laius is killed by a man he meets on the highway who everyone believes is a stranger
Oedipus also tries to dodge fate by leaving his hometown because he is told by the Oracle at Delphi that he will one day kill his father
Back at Thebes, the Sphinx is approached by Oedipus who answers the riddle "What creature goes on four feet in the morning, two in the afternoon and three in the evening?" with a man; a baby in the morning, man in the afternoon and a man with a cane in the evening
Because he solves the mystery, he becomes king and gets to marry the widowed queen
Soon however he discovers the man he killed was his father and the true king because a terrible plague that besets Thebes will not go away until Laius's killer is punished
Upon hearing this Oedipus's wife kills herself and Oedipus gouges his eyes out Thebes Cont. a timeline Aeneas was a demigod Facts About The Adventures of Aeneas He was the son of Venus The Adventures of Aeneas is one of the only chapters in Mythology that refers to strictly Roman gods
i.e. Venus and not Aphrodite, Neptune and not Poseidon. He was among the most famous Trojan war heroes. He escaped with help from his mother, Venus, and was later followed by fellow Trojans as he sailed in search of refuge. 1 (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 7 11 12 Aeneas and his Trojan followers are searching for a place to settle after the war when he has a dream telling him to settle in Italy. They’re confronted by Harpies and are forced to retreat They then run into Andromache, who is married to the Trojan prophet, Helenus, who tells them to:
- head to NW Italy
–upon reaching Italy, find the Sybil. Juno tries to distract Aeneas by making the African queen, Dido, fall in love with him, but Venus keeps him on track by making him not reciprocate the feelings. They finally reach Italy and find the Sybil, who takes them to the Underworld, where Aeneas sees his father, and the souls of all his future descendants. Aeneas returns to the surface, and he and his fellow Trojans are warmly received by the Latin king, Latinus, who wants to marry his daughter, Lavinia, off to Aeneas. Juno intervenes by having one of the Fates, Alecto, cause trouble:
-He convinces Latinus’ wife to object the marriage
–He tells the king of the Rutulians, Turnus of the intended marriage
–He makes Aeneas’ son kill the cities favourite stags The Rutulians and Latins join up against the Trojans, but Aeneas gets divine help from Father Tiber who tells him to retreat up stream and find Evander, a king of a nearby town. Evander and his son, Pallas, aren’t able to help much, but they send him to the Etruscans, strong warriors who promise to help Aeneas beat the Rutulains and Latins. Evander also gives Aeneas many soldiers, including Pallas. Aeneas returns to the Trojans (who have been fighting the Rutulians and Latins this whole time without him) with his reinforcements. After many deaths, including Pallas’, Aeneas ends up fighting Turnus in hand-to-hand combat. Aeneas wins, and lives happily ever after with Lavinia in the newly founded Rome. Yay! The House of Atreus written by euripedes
Atreus and his family were cursed by one of his ancestors, Tantalus, who killed and served his son Pelops to the Olympians
Tantalus is sent to Hades to be tantalized
He stands in water and has a piece of fruit hanging above his head Tantalus' Children Pelops is brought back to life by the gods and seeks to marry Hippodamia
He must beat her father in a chariot race or he'll die
Her and her father's chariot driver, Myrtilus decide to let Pelops win
He finds out and in result kills Myrtilus
Tantalus' daughter, Niobes feels that she is equal to the gods and demands Thebes' people to worship her
As punishment, Apollo and Artemis kill her seven sons and daughters
She weeps until she is turned into a wet rock Thyestes son of Pelops
seduces the wife of his brother, Atreus
Atreus kills Thyestes' two sons and feeds them to him for dinner Agamemnon & Clytemnestra Agamemnon sacrifices his daughter Iphigenia so he could get better sailing winds during the Trojan War
WHile Agamemnon is gone Clytemnestra cheats on him with Aeigisthus, the son of Thyestes
When she hears of the sacrifice she seeks revenge, while Aeigisthus seeks revenge for his father's death
When Cassandra and Agamemnon return they kill them HOW CAN I APPLY THIS KNOWLEDGE TO THE AP TEST?!?! Using The Adventures of Aeneas... myth initially focuses on the aftermath of the Trojan War, and the difficulties the Trojans faced in finding a new place to relocate prior to their defeat in Troy; can be used to connect to a larger theme of the destructivness of war and its negative impact on humanity
large list of characters provides a broad, general knowledge of many mythological characters, that can be used as references in Free Response questions (if neccesary or appropriate)
clasic tale of heroism; can be used in comparison to other heroic mytholical tales tale of misfortune and bad luck; can be juxtaposed with similar stories, or to contrasting tales of exceptional luck
an example of conflicting desires/inner struggle (i.e. Oedipus wants to remain king, but also wants to rid the city of its plague and therefore must punish himself)
can be used to emphasize the idea that one cannot escape or avoid fate Using The Royal House of Thebes... can be used to emphasize the idea that one should be punished for one's crimes
can be compared to other mythology/literature with the same basic idea
can be compared to other works of literature also written by Euripides
similar to typical mythological stories: containing elements of jealousy, anger, revenge, etc. Using The House of Atreus... WHAT ARE SOME SIMILAR STORIES? AENEAS:
Story of Romulus and Remus - refers strictly to Roman gods, like the story of Aeneas; continues the legend of Aeneas's descendents as they go on to found Rome
Horatius at the Bridge - illustrates importance of individual bravery (just like Aeneas's bravery)
Essentially, all famous Roman mythology connects to The Adventures of Aeneas because the same gods/general themes are used
Slaughterhouse-five by Kurt Vonnegut (also deals w/ aftermath of war/devastation resulting from massive fighting in addition to mankind's cruel tendencies towards one another)

THEBES:
Mucius Scaevola ("Lefty") - thrust his right hand in the fire to prove loyalty to Rome (like Oedipus gouging his eyes out = loyalty to Thebes)
Lucretia - self-sacrifice led to overthrown Roman monarchy and establishment of the Republic

ATREUS:
Cronus - Greek mythology; Cronus murdered his father Uranus, because he envied his power over the universe (family willing to sacrifice family for personal gain) Similar Mythology/Literature:
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