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Ku Klux Klan
Transcript of Ku Klux Klan
This clan was orginally formed to relieve themselves of "boredom".
They focused their protesting towards blacks, whether they were former slaves, or newly elected politicians.
They later formed this group because of their racial and political beliefs against blacks. But their hatred implemented towards others (later on) who weren't approved nor had the same beliefs as them. Who originally founded the KKK? The KKK was originally formed by 6 Confederate Veterans of the Civil War. Their names were:
- John C. Lester
- James R. Crowe
- John D. Kennedy
- Calvin Jones
- Richard R. Reed
- Frank O. McCord How did the KKK form? The KKK was established in May, 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee by the 6 Confederate veterans who formed a meeting to discuss the formation and the purpose of the clan.
The KKK's expansion was contributed to white Americans who agreed with the KKK's philisophy.
They would join, therefore, increasing the population.
And in the 1920's, the clan's population exceeded 4 million members nationwide.
The name of the Ku Klux Klan was made from the Greek word "kyklos", meaning "circle," and the Scottish-Gaelic word "clan". Who were the Main Targets of the KKK? The Ku Klux Klan's primary targets were the blacks.
They hated the blacks because they had received their rights and the KKK wanted racial segregation to stay.
But later on, in the 1900's, they additionally showed their hatred towards different religious, racial and political types of people. Ranks of the KKK -The Ku Klux Klan (also known as the KKK) are groups of protesting white supremacists who formed this organization for their defiance towards the Southern Republican government.
-This organization later evolved to a terrorist group that harshly intimidated racial, political, and religious "enemies".
-There is no one KKK. It was later divided into many groups that spread out variously throughout the United States.
-Some Eras of the KKK would disappear
and would be recreated years later. December 24th, 1865 2 1868 1920 1964-2005 John C. Lester James R. Crowe John D. Kennedy Grand Wizard (1st Era) - the highest rank in the whole Klan Grand Dragon - leader over a particular state. Kleagle- responsible for recruiting new
members Chaplain - Priest of the KKK, they preach in Klaverns
*Klavern- local unit of a Klan 1871 Titan - district leader Grand Cyclops- Leader of a "Den" or Klavern. 1963 Nighthawks- Security guards of the KKK The First Era of the KKK
(1866-1877) The Second Era of the KKK
(1915-1944) The Third Era of the KKK
(1945-1974) Works Cited
19th Century Turning Points in U.S. History: 1861-1870. Discovery Education. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=ku+klux+klan>. This video was OK. There wasn't too much information, but it focused mainly on the effects, in which I'm not searching for that subtopic yet.
About.com. About.com, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. <http://civilliberty.about.com/od/historyprofiles/tp/History-Ku-Klux-Klan-KKK.htm>. This website is great for the KKK timeline, and could be very beneficial for this project.
Answers. Answers, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_different_ranking_positions_of_the_KKK>. This is helpful because it gave me some ranking information about the KKK. But I am still gonna look for other sources.
Anti-Defamation League. Anti-Defamation League, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/default.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=4&item=kkk>. This has plenty of useful information. Since it is ".org" I feel like I can trust this website.
Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Donald Holley. "A Look Behind the Masks." PCCUA. Ed. Arkansas Historical Quarterly. Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 2001. Web. 7 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pccua.edu/keough/a_look_behind_the_masks.htm>. Has great pictures of graphs and documents of the KKK organization. Also tells what the KKK did during their time.
Gregory, James. "The Ku Klux Klan in Washington State, 1920s." Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project. U Of Washington, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/kkk_intro.htm>. Provides useful pictures to add on to the project. Also provides information about the Washington State Klan that took part of the second of three waves of KKK activity in America.
History. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded>. This has some good information on how the KKK formed, and I will be using this information because this is good and accurate.
History. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/ku-klux-klan>. This particular link of the "History" website is particularly more useful because it answers more of my questions and it provides a little bit more information.
InfoPlease. Pearson Education, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/ku-klux-klan-the-first-ku-klux-klan.html>. This was very helpful in gathering the information about the KKK.
KKK: Then and Now. Prod. National Geographic. Youtube. Youtube, Feb. 2005. Web. 7 Feb. 2013. < Provides information about KKK back then, and KKK now.
"The Ku Klux Klan." about.com. about.com, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://civilliberty.about.com/od/historyprofiles/tp/History-Ku-Klux-Klan-KKK.htm>. This website provides valuable information and i know that it is correct because i found the same information at other sources.
"Ku Klux Klan." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 7 Feb. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/ku-klux-klan>. This site is reliable because the show is known for having accurate information.
PBS. CPB, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/grant-kkk/>. This website is very useful due to the plentiful amounts of information this one webpage contains. This is suitable to a couple research subtopics,
Southern Poverty Law Center. Southern Poverty Law Center, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-files/ideology/ku-klux-klan/the-ku-klux-klan-0>. This a very useful website to support some of my subtopic answers. I am using a lot of important information that is needed to be used.
Student Resources in Context. "Ku Klux Klan." Ku Klux Klan. Detroit: Gale, 2009. 882. Gale. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=GPS&userGroupName=poway_rb&tabID=T001&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm¤tPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3048900349&&docId=GALE|CX3048900349&docType=GALE&role=SUIC>. This source provides the superficial details of the Ku Klux Klan.
Yahoo Answers. Yahoo, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. <http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080418092228AAaJLWN>. This information is very useful because I saw the same information on many other sites, but compared to the others, this site seems to be more used and more trusted. Calvin Jones No Images could be found for these three men Richard R. Reed Frank O. McCord 1905 1915 1925 1867 1951 1964 KKK TIMELINE The KKK was founded by these 6 Confederate Veterans.. The Ku Klux Klan publishes it's Organization and Principles. They claimed it to be a Christian, patriotic organization. Nathan Bedford
Forrest becomes the first Grand Wizard of the KKK. The Congress passes the Klan
Act allowing the federal government to arrest KKK members on a large scale. Thomas Dixon Jr. adapts his 2nd KKK novel, and introduces the "Burning Cross" tradition. A Georgia lynch mob murders a Jewish factory superintendent and burns a cross, calling themselves the Knights of the KKK The Klan becomes more of a public organization
White American people throughout the country begin to form local Klan groups The KKK realize that violence could lead to legal trouble after their Grand Dragon is convicted. So most Klans disappeared except for the Southern locals. KKK bombed and killed NAACP FL. Executive Director Harry Moor and his wife. This is their first high profile murder in KKK's history Members of the Ku Klux Klan were responsible for the bombing of the predominant black Baptist Church of 16th Street in Birmingham, Alabama, killing four little girls. KKK firebombed 20 black churches
and then murdered 3
Civil Rights Activists. The Ku Klux Klan firebombs twenty predominant black churches
The Ku Klux Klan murders Civil Rights activists James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner.
Police did not do anything about this incident because they supported white supremacy
Edgar Ray, an architect who was a part of the 1964 Chaney-Goodman-Schwerner murders, is sentenced to jail for 60 years. The KKK used mythological terms to name their ranks. By Adrian Fernandez,
Nick Nielsen, and
Erika Kim Imperial Wizard (2nd Era)- highest rank in the whole Klan Klansmen- members of the Ku Klux Klan THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!