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adverbs

one class about adverbs
by

ainhoa arrizubieta

on 29 March 2011

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Transcript of adverbs

adverbs definition adverbs are words that modify a verb: he drove slowly
an adjective: he drove a very fast car
another adverb: she moved quite slowly down the aisle. adverbs often tell:
when
where
why
under what condition something happens or happened adverbs normally end in -ly
but be carefull!!!
lovely
lonely
motherly ARE ADJECTIVES:
friendly The lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.
neighboly And Infinitive phrases can act as adverbs (usually telling why):

She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
The senator ran to catch the bus. If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adverb (modifying the verb of a sentence), it is called an Adverb Clause:
When this class is over, we're going to the movies. Adverbs (as well as adjectives) in their various degrees can be accompanied by premodifiers:

She runs very fast.

We're going to run out of material all the faster Using Adverbs in a Numbered List

First (not firstly)
second (not secondly)
...

Adverbs of Manner: How? (after the main verb or after the object)
She moved slowly and spoke quietly

Adverbs of Place: Where? (after the main verb or after the object)
She still lives there now

Adverbs of frequency: How many times?
She takes the boat to the mainland every day. Position of adverbs

They have the ability to move around in a sentence.
They appear before the main verb or between the auxiliary verb and the main verb.

- I never get up before nine o´clock
- I have rarely writen to my brother ... Order of adverbs

It is similar to the order of adjectives but more flexible. Some notes

shorter adverbial phrases precede longer adverbial phrases:

- Dad takes a brisk walk before breakfast every day of his life

among similar kinds of adverbial phrases the more specific comes first

- She promised to meet him for lunch next Tuesday Adverbs of degree: Tell us about the intensity or degree of an action, an adjective or another adverb. (enough, not enough, almost, nearly, quite....)

Usually they are placed before the adjective, adverb or the verb, they are modifying. The adverb too comes before adjectives and other adverbs:

- She ran too fast.

But if it comes after another adverb it is usually set off with a comma:

- Yazmin works hard. She work quickly, too. Thank you ! Amaia Ansorregi
Ainhoa Arrizubieta To form adverbs from adjectives:
adjective + -ly
quick: quickly
adjective -y: -i + -ly
easy: easily
adjective -able, -ible, -le: -e change in -y
terrible: terribly
adjective -ic + -ally
basic: basically
adjective = adverbs
fast: fast Adverbs of time: When, for how long, how often?
- When adverbs, usually go at the end (yesterday, tomorow...)
- For how long adverbs usually, at the end (all day, for a year...)
* for: express duration (for a week)
* since: express a point in time (since monday)
- How often adverbs: usually before the main verb but after an auxiliary verb ( often, never, once a week...) Adverbs of certainty: express how certain or sure we feel about an action. The most common: certainly, probably...
They go before the main verb but after the verb To Be.

Adverbs of frecuency: tell us how often something happens: always, often... Interrogative adverbs: why, where, how, when. Usually placed at the beginning of a question.

Relative adverbs: where, when, why. They are used to join sentences. KINDS OF ADVERBS Adverbs of degree
But, the adverbs enough and not enough usually take a postmodifier position:

Is that music loud enough?
These shoes are not big enough. Viewpoint and commenting adverbs: Tell us about the speaker´s viewpoint or opinion about an action, or make some comment on the action.
(Honestly, seriously, surely, certainly...)
They are placed at the beginning of the sentence and are separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.
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