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Bálint Uhri

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of HUMOR

Gender differences / Icons
Laughter therapy

Humor and health
Andrea Horváth
David Pinilla Pérez
Klarissza Kolláth
Bálint Uhri

1. Introduction
2. Why is humor important?
3. Gender Differences / Icons
4. Laughter therapy
5. Negative humor
6. Humor and culture

Definition of humor
Why is humor important?
A humorous individual
(Peterson and Seligman, 2004)
2. Why is humor important?

Social function
You're welcome!!!
Some of our greatest icons
Women and man do not differ in their overall tendency to create and enjoy humor.
Research: same-sex and mixed groups
Teasing (friendly/agressive) is more likely to occur in same-sex groups.
Mode of communication, that might be used to achieve gender-relevant goals
Conversational goal: Self-presentation
Impressing others, appearing funny and creating a positive personal identity
„contextual” coping
Conversational goal: Intimacy
Use humor to enhance group-solidarity
• „noncontextual” coping
Contextual coping
using humor to cope with an immediate problem arising in the context of the conversation
„noncontextual” coping
using humor in talking about life problems outside the conversional context
- humor as a characteristic (Martin Seligman)
- the benefits of sense of humor (Gordon Allport)
humor and well-being
- coping with stress
- inducing positive emotions
- increasing social support
"Patch" Adams
- Gesundheit! Institute
"Laughter is the tonic, the relief, the surcease for pain."
(Charlie Chaplin)

: it's a kind of amusement accompanied with laughter

--> humor and grieve (Dacher Keltner)

--> laughter as a communicating ones
playful state

"enjoyable universal human activity"

- humor the key to succesful social life
-->adaptiv forms of humor
--> gaining information
social play
Michael Apter:
humor is enjoyed for its own sake
- strenghtening social bonds

=> sense of humor as a highly desirable attribute
Negative Humour
- Humor can be used to ostracize others and may be a part of bullying behavior
- Katagelasticism: The joy of laughing at other people
- Schadenfreude (Schaden: harm; Freude: joy): Enjoyment at other people’s misfortunes
- Gelotophobia: the fear of being laughed at.

Humor and Culture
The Universal Traits of Humour

- There are universal categories of "stimuli" that trigger humorous reactions in all human beings:

1. Incongruity,

2. Absurdity, ludicrousness, or ridiculousness,

3. An unexpected future,

4. A pleasant surprise,

5. Being startled,

Cultural Differences
- Many jokes don’t translate well—or at all—because of differences in social structure and cultural norms

- Research in 2001: Differences in college students in Singapore, United States and Israel.

- Relevant results: 1. Americans were far more likely to tell sexual jokes. 2. More Singaporean jokes were aggressive. 3. Singaporeans didn’t use humor as a coping mechanism as often as Americans.

- An enjoyable human activity
- A complex phenomenon → cognitive, emotional and social aspects
- An essentially component of well-being

- Decreasing the level of stress ->emotional health
- Benefit psychological well-being
- It can be used as a way of enhanching relationship

- Humour term showing the strongest semantic link to superior intelligence
(Schmidt-Hidding, 1963)
- - > form of the intelligent humour an ability to make clever remarks in an amusing and funny way

ORIGIN of humour
- It began as a latin word (humoren) meaning fluid or liquid
- Hippocrates who is considered the father of medcine (4th century A. D.) --> distinguished 4 fluids or „humors”− - related to health

- Galen who was philosopher in the Roman Empire (second century A. D.) --> introduced the idea of these 4 fluilds are certain kind of temperament or character

- In the 16th century: the meaning of humour changed and engaged the present function..--> came to mean funny, comic, hilarious, droll, witty expression

Humour research
- Early studies come from philosophy and phisiology
- The first empirical psychological study in 1898 by Lipps
- Humour became one of the core character strenght in positive psychology by Seligman and Csíkszentmihályi

- Response to jokes
- Duchenne display --> genuine enjoyment of humour phony "false” smile
- How can we notice? – the eye muscle region is not involved in this type of smiling

- What is laughter therapy? Natural form of medicine with the use of humor
-Physical, emotional and social benefits
- Laughter Yoga: was developed in 1995 by Dr. Madan Kataria
playful state:
in a playful state humor is a way to interact in a playful way

=> the meaning of laughter is to show:

"This is play"
„There is more to explain about humor than just why it is funny. People have reasons for using humor, goals they wish to accomplish with it.”
~ (Linda Francis,1994)
Women seek a partner who could make them laugh twice as frequently as they offered to be the source of humor
Men, offered to be the provider of humor a third more than they sought it in a partner
Eric R. Bressler
Sigal Balshine
Martie Haselton
Scott Barry Kaufman
Rod A. Martin
Eric R. Bressler
Sigal Balshine
Geoffrey Miller
Scott Barry Kaufman
Rod A. Martin
thanks to:
Men chose women who would laugh at their jokes
Women selected men who would make them laugh
During times of high fertility, women chose poor creative men twice as often as wealthy uncreative men
the Burlesque
caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works
Laughter and tears are both responses to frustration and exhaustion. I myself prefer to laugh, since there is less cleaning up to do afterward.
~ Kurt Vonnegut
sense of humor is a sign of...
strong genes
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