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A Christmas Carol - Minor Characters
Transcript of A Christmas Carol - Minor Characters
Scrooge's former fiancee
Lauren B, Lauren C & Stephanie
A CHRISTMAS CAROL
“Another idol has displaced me; and if it can cheer and comfort you in time to come, as I would have tried to do, I have no just cause to grieve”
“Our contract is an old one… you changed. When it was made, you were another man”
Presented as a beautiful, compassionate young woman, as she breaks off her engagement to Scrooge. This reveals his need to hoard money, which may have stemmed from fear.
We see belle in the second vision as a happy older woman, showing no trace of bitterness and taking pleasure in her family.
Scrooge's Former Employer
“He has the power to render us happy or unhappy; to make our service light or burdensome; a pleasure or a toil. Say that his power lies in words and looks; in things so slight and insignificant that it is impossible to add and count ‘em up: what then? The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it cost a fortune”
Scrooge’s kind and generous employer
Embodying the spirit of Christmas. Unlike Scrooge, Fezziwig knows how to celebrate and is not challenged or confronted by involving his employees in the festivities.
Prompts scrooge to remember how to enjoy himself as well as recognise that his treatment of Bob has been unacceptable.
A young couple who is indebted to Scrooge for some amount of money that they cannot presently repay.
Rejoices his death
Although they know it is wrong to rejoice in someone’s death they cannot help but feel relieved that they no longer owe Scrooge money.
Fred is Ebenezer Scrooge's nephew and only living relative in A Christmas Carol. Fred is also a gentleman of some means, but unlike his miserly uncle, he is a kind-hearted, generous, cheerful, and optimistic man who loves Christmas. Fred believes that there is good to be found in everyone, even his misanthropic uncle Scrooge, whom he invites to Christmas dinner every year despite constant rejection. Fred believes that the good in Scrooge can be brought to the surface.
Fred’s existence in the novel is to influence Scrooge the importance of family and to bring out the best in him. Fred is Scrooge’s only living relative that never lost hope in him, but pity’s him. Scrooge ‘seemed uneasy in the mind,’ when he realised this. Scrooge neglected his nephew and ignored his family in favour of money but Fred stuck around because he knew Scrooge would come around as a better man. And ultimately, Fred’s persistence triumphs as Scrooge joins their Christmas festivities.
Fred also represents the bridge from Scrooge, back into human relations and to show that when Scrooge isolates himself in his horrible little apartment on Christmas, he is actually making a choice to be alone rather than forced to be that way by circumstance. Because we know that Scrooge has an alternative—he could join Fred’s celebrations—we come to understand Scrooge’s initial bitterness and miserliness, and his isolation from the rest of the world.
Scrooge's Sister & Fred's Mother
In Scrooge's vision of Christmases past, he remembers Fan picking him up from school and walking him home. She is seen as a maternal and good-natured individual, even in her younger years. Fan’s love for her brother is clearly evident in her excitement and enthusiasm for Scrooge to return to their home, after continuously attempting to persuade their father for him to return from boarding school.
Fan died many years before A Christmas Carol begins and Scrooge, who loved his sister very much, has never accepted her death. The sight of Fred unfailingly reminds him of the grief he still feels from her loss. Scrooge indeed feels a connection to Fred, as he is his only living relative mentioned in the novella.
In A Christmas Carol, the thieves who raid Scrooge’s home after his death are representative of the poverty and hardship that the less fortunate in Victorian society were forced to live through.
In reflecting the effects of the Industrial Revolution in Britain on society, Dickens depicts the enormous increase in wealth through the prosperity of Scrooge’s character. Although, the Cratchit family and the surrounding community represents the fact that this financial gain was not distributed evenly across the wider society. There was a large gap which divided the societies rich from the poor.
Through scarcity of supplies and fortune in society, Scrooge’s death provided an opportunity to these thieves, whom profited from his passing by pawning some of his belongings. Regardless of the senseless actions, each of the poor was forced to fend for themselves.
"Ah!" returned the woman, laughing and leaning forward on her crossed arms. "Bed-curtains."
"You don't mean to say you took them down, rings and all, with him lying there?" said Joe.
"Yes I do," replied the woman. "Why not?"
"You were born to make your fortune," said Joe," and you'll certainly do it."
"I certainly shan't hold my hand, when I can get anything in it by reaching it out, for the sake of such a man as he was, I promise you, Joe," returned the woman coolly. "Don't drop that oil upon the blankets, now."
o“Dead as a door nail” for seven years
•Wrapped in chains symbolic of their business
oHis love of money has meant he is trapped by the tools of his trade (money boxes, chains)
oDoomed to travel the earth in death as he should have in life.
oHis burden is constant remorse for his own greed during life
When he leaves he flies out the window and joins the other ghosts who drag their chains of duty
•A metaphor for Marley’s inability to create connections with others
oHe neglected his duty towards others n life.
•Provides a warning to Scrooge that he is doomed to end up like him trapped between the spirit and human world
oRealizes his own mistakes
•Prepares for what is to come.
oTries to save Scrooge from suffering the same fate as himself
oOnly chance for salvation
oArgues and refuses to believe the ghosts
o"You may be an undigested bit of beef, a blot of mustard, a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone potato"
oAngry disposition of Marley due to Scrooge’s disbelief is frightening but makes Scrooge pay attention
oReady to do anything to escape such a fate
"Couldn't I take 'em all at once, and have it over, Jacob?”
•Mother hen figure of the family
o‘Never mind so long as you are come… sit down before the fire, my dear, and have a warm, Lord bless ya!’
o‘and how did little Tim behave?’
•Cooked a ‘feast’ for her family and garments (twice turned gowns braves with ribbons’ suggests thriftiness
oEntered ‘smiling proudly’
•‘The founder of the feast indeed!’
•Doesn’t think highly of scrooge nor want to toast to him
o‘I wish I had him here. Id give him a piece of my mind to feast upon, and u hope he’d have a good appetite for it’
o‘It should be Christmas Day, I am sure on which one drinks the health of such an odious, stingy, hard, unfeeling man as Mr Scrooge. You know he is, Robert! Nobody knows it better than you do, poor fellow’
o‘ill drink his health for your sake and the day’s… not for his. Long life to him!
oA merry Christmas and a happy new year! – he’ll be very merry and very happy I have no doubt!
Bold personality – vocal with opinions
•Bob Cratchit’s wife
The Two Portly Gentlemen
•Introduced in Stave 1
‘What shall I put you down for?’ ‘Nothing’ ‘You wish to be anonymous?’
•Expect Scrooge to contribute to their cause due to his wealth
oThey are refused
•Scrooge pays tax for government established forms of aid
oThat is enough and if more help is needed it’s the governments issue.
o‘I was afraid at first that something had occurred to stop them in their useful course’
‘Many cant go there and many would rather die’
‘It’s not my business’
oThey’d better die and ‘decrease the surplus population’
Thrown back in his face when the ghost of Christmas present repeats this about Tiny Tim
oDonates large sum of money
oCauses surprise after the initial hostility their approach caused.
o‘My dear Sir… Allow me to ask your pardon’
‘A great many back-payments are included in it I assure you’