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The Seventh Sacrament: Anointing of the Sick
Transcript of The Seventh Sacrament: Anointing of the Sick
The Sacrament’s Institution:
As the Seventh Sacrament, the holy anointing of the sick was instituted by Jesus Christ
The Catechism is a summary of the doctrines served as a learning introduction to the Seven Catholic Sacraments usually used in Christian religious teachings that states "this sacred anointing of the sick was instituted by Christ our Lord as a true and proper sacrament of the New Testament. It is alluded to indeed by Mark, but is recommended to the faithful and promulgated by James the apostle and brother of the Lord" (CCC 1511).
"The anointing of the sick conveys several graces and imparts gifts of strengthening in the Holy Spirit against anxiety, discouragement, and temptation, and conveys peace and fortitude" (CCC 1520).
"These graces flow from the atoning death of Jesus Christ, for "this was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah, ‘He took our infirmities and bore our diseases’" (Matt. 8:17).
The Latin word sacramentum means "a sign of the sacred." The seven sacraments are ceremonies that point to what is sacred, significant and important for Christians. They are special occasions for experiencing God's saving presence. That's what theologians mean when they say that sacraments are at the same time signs and instruments of God's grace.
Gospel of Mark
The Sacramental Oil
In the Apostolic Constitution, "Sacram Unctionem Infirmorum," or On Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, the blessed oil pressed from olives or other plants. Blessed by the bishop at the Chrism Mass, the Apostolic Constitution is celebrated on Holy Thursday, or Maundy Thursday. However, if the sacramental oil blessed by the bishop is not available, the priest carrying out the sacrament may bless it, but only within the structure of the celebration.
The Last Sacrament
The Mission of the Twelve (Mark 6: 7-13)
By: Gabriel Lipari, Nathaniel Silva, Trevor Briggs, and David Douthit
Left: Mural depicting a priest anointing a sick man
Right: Jesus Christ curing a sick man during his ministry
As the Seventh Sacrament, the Anointing of the Sick, or Last Rites, is the sacrament in which one who is gravely ill is blessed according to a certain Catholic rite. This blessing confers the grace of the Lord onto the recipient through the works of the Holy Spirit. Often, this is the last sacrament a Catholic receives before death, although the nearness of death is not a necessity in order to receive this sacrament. Furthermore, the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick includes a ritual of healing physical, mental, and spiritual sickness.
"He went around to the villages in the vicinity teaching.
He summoned the Twelve and began to send them out two by two and gave them authority over unclean spirits. He instructed them to take nothing for the journey but a walking stick - no food, no snack, no money in their belts. They were, however, to wear sandals but not a second tunic. He said to them, 'Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you leave from there. Whatever place does not welcome you or listen to you, leave there and shake the dust off your feet in testimony against them.' So they went off and preached repentance. They drove out many demons, and they anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them."
"All who suffer
are joined to Christ
in His suffering
for the salvation
of the world."
"May all who suffer
pain, illness or disease
realize that they are chosen
to be saints."
“For as Christ’s sufferings
overflow to us, so through Christ
does our encouragement also overflow.” (2 Corinthians 1:5)