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Culture Shock

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marian padilla

on 15 April 2010

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Transcript of Culture Shock

Culture Shock due to Contact with Unfamiliar Cultures Between-society contact individuals who travel beyond their countries of origin for a particular purpose and for a specified time
relationships one establishes with members of the host society
sojourners- culture travellers; temporary visitors
host-society member- distinguish visitor from visited
abrupt transition can be unsettling= culture shock
Within-society contact inter-ethnic relationships in multicultural societies
ie. United States has a great deal of internal diversity
successful multi-cultural societies have diverse ethnic groups supported by shared values
unsuccessful societies-intergroup relations have ethnocentric bias The GREAT sHUFFLE during the last 40 yrs human shifting across national boundaries has increased
´´globalization´´-industry and commerce & education and leisure @ any given time there are about 1.5 million scholars abroad natural and human disasters stimulate cross-cultural travel (refugees, immigrants, guest workers) term created by Kalervo Oberg
1960- how people react to strange unfamiliar places
´´culture shock´´ is a widely misused term
´´shock´´ places too much emphasis on threatening circumstances
doesn´t acknowledge beneficial consequences

The similarity-attraction hypothesis in-group bias similarity of another is reassuring consensual validation Culture-Distance Hypothesis > the cultural difference, the more difficult it is to establish and maintain harmonious relationships
CS is a function of the degree of separation between the culture of the sojourner and the host society
difference in core values can be a source of culture shock research in historical perspective culture contact is not a one-way flow of influence
until recently reciprocal effects of the visitor on the host country were ignored
host society is assumed to be monolithic
early literature: 1) contact is noxious/painful 2) researchers concentrate on negative emotions 3) the fied was given ´´clinical´´ flavor, trying to account for individual iddference in adjustment and coping 4) most research was atheoretical
ABC of culture shock contemporary studies more theoretical
look at social and internal determinants
allow for the measure of +/- outcomes
active process: ´´coping behavior´´
Affect-Behaviour-Cognitions AFFECTIVE DIMENsION Oberg´s depiction: characterised all culture contact in terms of negative affect (confusion, anxiety, suspicion, etc)
Recent formulation: don´t always lead to culture shock
Some thrive, increase self-efficacy and emotional resilience and develop effective coping strategies
Social psychologists:culture contact was manifestly an interpersonal, interactive event
Michael Argyle:interpersonal behavior as a mutually skilled performance
social interaction-highly rule bound activity Culture-learning model of contact social skills model: ´´rules, conventions and assumptions that regulate interpersonal interaction vary across cultures´´
if you lack culturally relevant social skills&knowledge= more difficult
critical factor: host-culture friends (act as informal culture-skill mentors)
emphasizes behavioral elements of culture contact Behavioural dimension Instrumental adjustment-abilit to navigate thru new environment
Interaction ajustment-casual interaction with host members
Relational adjutment-maintaining non-trivial friendships and social networks cognitive dimension Interest in other cultures
Tolerance for Cultural differences
Positive attitudes toward new or unusual cultural environments
measured cognitive dimension of ethnic or cultural identity with ´´I AM´´ test Conclusion people interpret physical, interpersonal, institutional, existential and spiritual events as cultural manfestations (vary across cultures)
when different cultures come into contact, such established truths lose their apparent certanty
two rientations drift into cognition of vistor and host
affect how they see echother and themselves, whether they will change their views as a consequence of the contact
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