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The Unification of Italy
Transcript of The Unification of Italy
wanted to be self governing. They were tired
of being ruled by foreigners. Victor Emmanuel II became king of the
largest and most powerful kingdom of Italy,
Piedmont-Sardinia in 1849. In 1848, the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia
adopted a liberal constitution. This signified
unification under an italian kingdom. To the
Italian middle class, this was a good idea. In 1852, Victor Emmanuel II made a man
named Camillo di Cavour his prime minister.
Cavour only had one goal in mind: unite Italy. Cavour was a brilliant strategist. He knew that
uniting Italy was going to be a big task. He
decided the first thing to do was to annex
northern Italy to the kingdom. In 1858, Cavour convinced Napoleon III of
France to help Sardinia drive Austria out of
northern Italy. Cavour provoked a war with the
Austrians and the French-Sardinian army beat the Austrians. Sardinia got all the northern territory except Venetia. In May 1860, a soldier named Guiseppe Garibaldi
led a small band of of nationalists and captured
Sicily. He always wore a bright red shirt in battle
and they became known as the Red Shirts. He
was secretly getting help from Cavour. In mid-1860, Garibaldi tried to march his
troops to Rome to capture the city. He was
unsuccessful both times. Eventually, he agreed to
give the southern areas to the Kingdom of
Piedmont-Sardinia. In October 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi met
King Victor Emmanuel III. He willingly
stepped aside to let King Victor Emmanuel III
rule. He was even the first one to call him the
King of unified Italy. In 1866, the Austrian province of
Venetia became part of Italy. In 1870, the last part of the Papal
states was under Italian control. The
city of Rome was also captured.
Rome became the capital. By: Zahra Hooda