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In Vitro Meat, bless or curse for the future?

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Chan Agatha

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of In Vitro Meat, bless or curse for the future?

1) Bring huge economic benefits to scientist
The first who make the virto meat commercially by 2012 would be award by 1 million USD (D.J Siegelbaum)

2)Encourage the development of new technologies

3) the popullation will increase from 784 million in 2011 to 2 billion in 2050, (United Nations, 2011)
therefore it can provide enough meat to feed people In terms of environment...... In Vitro Meat, a bless or a curse? In terms of health... No evidence of in vitro meat is not danger for human body (Francesca, 2009)
-Product need to be tested before it come into the market Some people argue that.... It is argued that , We support the introducing of Vitro meat! What is in vitro meat ? In terms of ethics - animal welfare ...... In terms of ECONOMIC YES! ZOOM IN! In vitro meat is a good choice for people. For instance, Fast food culture is becoming a global issue nowadays.
Such as Mc Donald's , Burger King, etc The produce of in vitro meat may cause negative impact to the environment
As chemical products may cause air pollution. Chemicals can be commonly used or found inside our homes and offices. They are impossible to miss because:
-They have strong odors or other features, it is mostly very hard to detect, and often go unnoticed until it is too late.
(Blank, 2010) However... The world’s meat consumption is expected to double by 2050 as the population increases.

BORLAND, 2011) If in vitro meat is published :
An Oxford University study found that this process would consume :
-35-60 per cent less energy
-98 per cent less land
-produce 80-95 per cent less greenhouse gas than conventional farming. (BORLAND, 2011) Therefore, in terms of environment, introducing of in vitro meat is a better choice for maintaining a better environment. 1. In vitro meat avoid the killing process causing animals pain, distress
and suffering ( Robbin,2005)
- providing meat without killing 1. The development causes a broader erosion of the human-animal
boundary ( Herbrechter, 2010)
- means farm animals will become less important

2. More animal testing is included during investigations
- violate the animal rights Some people argue that...... However 2. Proper animal testing is included in medical experiments and is for a better future. However,
the traditional industry violates the rights

- hormones, antibiotics and growth-promoting drugs are used to force the livestock to grow
unnaturally (Robbins, 2012)
- poor living conditions
- inhumane slaughtering In the world, there are more than 500,000 fast food places. Kids between the ages of 6 and 14 eat fast food 157,000,000 times every month.
(Ransohoff, 2005) Some people may argue that... 1) This technology requires huge amount of investigation capital
(US$1 million for a piece of beef weighing 250 grams)
(D.J. Siegelbaum, 2008)

2) It is time consuming
Stem cells are used for production of vitro meat, it takes time to find
out target cells from animal body ( PARR.V., 2012) -World prices of food have risen alarmingly and at a much faster pace than in 2007/08. (Food Outlook, 2010) However -it could be sell more if the technology is mature enough and develop in a cheaper price - Development started at 2001 at NASA and several Dutch universities - Made by stem cells from a biopsy of an animal which put in a 3D growth

- By bathing them in a nutritional mix, they multiply and differentiate into
muscle cells, then form the muscle meat - Robin, 2005 -68% -ammonia in the world caused by livestock (creating acid rain)
-65% - nitrous oxide, 37% of the methane, 9% of the CO2, plus 100
other polluting gases.
-Big meat animals waste valuable land — 80% of Amazon deforestation
is for beef ranching, clear-cutting a Belgium-sized patch every year.
-Water — 15,000 liters of H20 produces just one kilogram of beef.
-40% - world’s cereals are devoured by livestock.
(Hyena , 2006) Our Stance... By analysis four aspects.. - Health
- Environment
- Ethics
-Economics Conclusion Reference List Based on the above analysis, in some circumstance ,vitro meat contribute and bring positive effects on affecting human health, environment, ethics and economics aspects .
--> As conclsion, virto meat is a bless to the above area. 1. Fat content of meat can be controlled in in vitro meat production.
Cardiovascular diseases and be prevented.(Kristie,2010).

2. It prevents disease such as mad cow and avian flu.

3.Meat production Minus hormones ,steroids,antibiotics .(Euan,2010)

4.High in omega 3 and low in saturated fats such as those found in in walnuts and fish.(Kristie,2010) 1. The erosion becomes broader as people demand
meat more than they need ( Lanou, n.d. )
- more livestock needs to be supply to the market
and is raised and killed in inhuman way Arguments Counter arguments 2. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) supports
investigation of in vitro meat
-encourage investigators to develop mass-produced meat by
offering a reward 3. The invention can lower the market share of traditional meat
-try to develop organic meat instead of using chemicals to force
livestock to build up
1) D.J Siegelbaum, 2008, Times- In Search of a Test-Tube Hamburger

2) Hanlon.M, 2012, The Guardian, Fake meat: is science fiction on the verge of becoming fact?, http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/jun/22/fake-meat-scientific-breakthroughs-research

3) image credit : G.McNicoll,n.d.http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973683?seq=2 It is argued that:
It is not clear how how nutrtional characteristics of cultured meat would compare to those of conventional meat.(Edelman,ND)
1.It is argued that meat is complex and can not be faked so its nutritional content are theoritically lower than conventional meat.(Edelman,ND)
2. In vitro meat is not yet consumed,so the risk of it being healthy is high with regards to its nutritional content.
Protein content(muscle tissue)>muscle cells.
Vitamin content has not been known yet.(Edelman,ND) GM(Genetically modified) Food HELP Created from the Genetic engineering techniques
-GMO foods cause the allergies
-Concern about unknown effect to human J. Ransohoff , 2005, Fast Food http://www.pamf.org/teen/health/nutrition/fastfood.html However.... Refutation People argued that medicines are not tested enough and it could have negative effect to human on long term.
However medicine prevent from many different disease and improved the general human health It is true that conventional meat constitute lots of nutritional content but: 1.Consumption of conventional meat are known to cause colon cancer
it has increased from 20% t0 30%(Corpet,2011)
2.In vitro meat might be seen as not to be healthy but on the longterm run it will widely accepted as healthy.
3. Cancer promoting food(Helsinki,2005).
4.Most meat are high in saturated fatty acid(Edelmen Nd) S Herbrechter, 2010, Brooding – Life after Animals, unpublished, presented at the Zoontotechnics (Animality/Technicity) Conference, http://stefanherbrechter.com/?page_id=163 K. Robbins, 2012, New Harvest’s Jason Matheny Shares Perspectives on the Future of Meat Alternatives, Worldwatch Blogs,
http://blogs.worldwatch.org/new-harvest%E2%80%99s-jason-matheny-shares-perspectives-on-the-future-of-meat-alternatives/ R. Robin, 2005, In Vitro Meat, The New York Times, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C03E4D81331F932A25751C1A9639C8B63 Official Journal of the European Union, 2009, European Commission, http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/welfare/slaughter/regulation_1099_2009_en.pdf PETA, n.d. , PETA Offers $1 Million Reward to First to Make In Vitro Meat, http://www.peta.org/features/In-Vitro-Meat-Contest.aspx F. Minerva , 2009, News from the future: you will have in vitro meat hamburgers within five years,
http://blog.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/2009/11/news-from-the-future-you-will-have-in-vitro-meat-hamburgers-within-five-years/ G.McNicoll, 1992, The United Nations' Long-Range Population Projections.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973683?seq=2PARR.V. 2012. New on Aisle 4: Future of the In Vitro Meat Industry. The Triple Helix Online. B. Whitman, 2000 , Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?
http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php 20% of American childeren have allergies
Compare with 20 years age
- 400% increased in food allergies
- 300% increase in asthma, with a 56% increase in asthma deaths
- 400% increase in ADHD and between a 1500% and 6000% increase in autism Lu,K.(2010). In vitro meat: Would lab burgers be better for us and the planet. Retrieved December 6, 2010,from http://www.youtube.com/watch?V=XZLzti-Bo01

Carter,E.(2010). Is in vitro meata possible solution to the worlds overpopulation in 2050 . Retrieved 2010,from http://sussol.slevenson.ac.uk/2010/life_sciences/ALA%20SUSSOL%20peport/Euan%20carter.pdf

E. , Macfarland,D.C., Mironov,V.A., Matheny,J.G. (ND). In vitro meat production. http://www.new-harvest.org?img/files/invitro.pdf

Bielsalski,H.k. (2005)Meat Science. Meat as a component of a healthy diet are ther any risk or benefits if meat is avoided in the diet? 70,(3) pp.509-524.

Corpet,D. (2011).Red meat an colon cancer:should we become vegetarians or can we make meat safer? 89, (3) pp. 310-316. Golfa Our Stance... By analysis four aspects.. - Health
- Environment
- Ethics
-Economics United Nations, 2011, World Population Prospects The 2010 Revision, http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Documentation/pdf/WPP2010_Highlights.pdf.
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