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Elements of Poetry
Transcript of Elements of Poetry
Review the list of elements/tools on your notes sheet. What looks familiar?
dictionary, or literal, definition
Denotation: scaly, legless reptile
Deeper or implied meaning for a word
Connotation: evil, or danger
A comparison of two unlike objects (making them equal)
Example: Her heart was a heavy stone.
Comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”
The boy was as slow as a turtle.
Sally’s hair was like silk.
An extravagant exaggeration
(Hyperbole is great for making a point or coloring the speech of a character.)
Examples: Alaska has mosquitoes so big people that people hunt them and eat them for dinner.
Her brain is the size of a pea.
Repetition of vowel sounds in writing
Examples: The cat chased the rat because it was fat.
The lonely boat chose to float around and around the moat of the old castle.
The repetition of consonant sounds in writing
Example: The triplets tapped lightly on twenty tinted windows .
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Examples: Sally sells sea shells down by the sea shore.
Giving human qualities to inanimate objects
The tree groaned
The wind moaned
The leg of the table
The sun smiled down upon me
An object or action that means more than itself
Cross = symbol of Christianity & sacrifice
Heart = symbol of love, care, and passion
Describes words that read (or sound) like the sound they are describing.
Johnny rattled the jar of beans.
Joe clatters and clangs as he angrily washes the dishes.
The bee buzzes around the flower.
Reference to well-known place, character, person, event or piece of art (including music).
Examples: In the poem “Slam Dunk & Hook,” he refers to “Mercury’s insignia” on their shoes—or the Nike logo. Nike/Mercury was messenger of the gods who had wings on his shoes for speed.
Referring to someone as “Charlie Sheen” to describe how crazy/irrational they are.
Using a part to stand for the whole.
Example: Saying wheels when you mean car
A concrete representation of a sense impression
Imagery Poems draw the reader into poetic experiences by touching on the images and senses which the reader already knows
Example: Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table; Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets, The muttering retreats Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells
The atmosphere created through writing.
The feeling the poem evokes
When reading – ask yourself – how does this poem make me feel?
The feeling the author creates
The writers attitude toward the topic
As yourself: How does the writer feel about this topic