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Natura 2000 Management
Transcript of Natura 2000 Management
many mistakes and some truly genious solutions from the other 27 MS
Where are the other MS? SAC designation in EU 27
Some typical Natura 2000 Management issues
New Biogeographic process
Some helpful literature
Where are the other MS now?
N2K Management Lessons Learned
Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
means a site of Community importance
designated by the MS through a statutory, administrative and/or contractual act
where the necessary
conservation measures are applied
for maintenance or restoration, at a favourable status, of the natural habitats and/or the populations of species for which the site is designated.
Article 1(l), Habitats Directive
Once a site of Community importance has been adopted [on the Union list] the Member State concerned shall designate that site as a special area of conservation
as soon as possible and within six years at most
…. Habitats Directive Article 4(4)
Progress in the designation of SACs, November 2012
SAC Designation deadlines by region
Macaronesian region: December 2007
Alpine region: December 2009
Atlantic region: December 2010
Continental region: December 2010
Boreal region: January 2011
Mediterranean region: July 2012
Pannonian region: November 2013
Steppic region: December 2014
Black sea region: December 2014
EU Pilot started against all old EU MS (except DK)
What is the problem with SAC designation?
General absence of conservation objectives
Conservation objectives too broad
Conservation measures too general
COMMISSION NOTE ON THE DESIGNATION OF SPECIAL AREAS OF CONSERVATION (SACs) Final Version of 14 May 2012 http://bit.ly/1am6uAw
COMMISSION NOTE ON ESTABLISHING CONSERVATION MEASURES FOR NATURA 2000 SITES ask the EC for the latest verson, Circabc
Setting conservation objectives
Conservation objectives at national, biogeo level
Specific, quantifiable objectives at the site level
level of detail can depend on needs of the site
general minimum criteria, standardized structure
Who is resposible for managing sites?
Making sectors work for Natura
Multiple agencies carry out licensing practices on Natura 2000 sites disregarding the cumulative impacts of their activities.
Natura 2000 Operational Programe (2007-2013):
quantitative conservation objectives for habitats
and species and conservation measures for each site,
how sectoral policies have to be adapted
adopted by the Government
forest, agriculture, water, fishery, hunting have to respect the site objectives, and integrate measures and guidelines in their planning
Ministry for the Economy to integrate into their financial planning
Already in 2007: integration with the Agricultural Rural Development Plan 2007-2013
1. draw up your plan with your conservation buddies (authority, NGOs, agencies)
2. show this to other sectors and ask them to integrate
3. they start to lough or stathe break for the years to come
Flanders: legally binding “Nature Directive plan” (NDP)
must be integrated into sectoral plans
Denmark: WFD and N2000 plans well aligned
Most countries: integration comes after
the plan has been drawn up, no legal obligation for integration
management plans obligatory for all Natura 2000 sites
conservation administration initiates and steers the planning process
Other sectors, municipalities, land owners are involved through consultation
Natura 2000 plan is legally binding upon the authorities: they are obliged to implement the management actions for which they are responsible and on their respective land
voluntarily and contractual
measures with land owners
if no agreement with landowner:
authority still can apply
measures on his land
“DOCument of OBjectives” (DOCOB) legally binding for each site
steering committee set up for each site
conservation objectives and the management measures,
contractual measures, administrative, regulatory
communication and awareness-raising
monitoring and scientific improvement
DOCOB development expensive – financed through state and EU funds
Landowners, land users can sign up to it for 5 years
No money BUT: exemption from land tax,
access to public funds
Voluntary Natura 2000 Charter
(part of DOCOB)–
Broad public consultation, involvement of all stakeholders in setting conservation objectives
Took 3 years
Now much easier to agree on measures?
How much public participation is enough? What is too much?
too early to assess on European level? long term success counts
Standards are useful
Most countries: site specific management plans + contract the site users
few countries also use other instruments, e.g.
general rules, regulations e.g. for a group of habitat
A “master management plan” for a large number of sites
Wallonia: 30 general measures in each site, 60 specific measures for different habitats.
Ireland: “activities requiring consent” (ARCs) process
Quality of plans differs widely in Europe
standards are useful
EC Sectoral guidances on: Shipping, Aquaculture, Ports, Wind energy, Extracive industries, Forestry, Agriculture
SAC designation note objective: "Restore or maintain pupulation of species X, Y, Z found on the site"
Objectives for h/s specify: habitat area, population size for species, necessary structures and functions and presence of typical species.
Priorities to be established if necessary
Invest in planning managment well, dont repeate mistakes
Make study trips (FR, Flanders, DK, Sweden, Poland)
Set higher level (national or regional) conservation objectives to guide site level objectives
Set site-specific, quantitative (qualitative), binding conservation objectives and measures as part of all MP
Draw up a clear timeframe for finalising the management planning process
Management tasks to be clearly and legally delegated to responsible organisations
Binding standards for management planning, conservation objective setting to ensure quality is the same (high)
Give stakeholders responsibility in the planning process instead of consulting them
Define the ways and modes of sectoral integration in legislation
Establish clearly defined legal requirements for public participation
Do not stick to formal, inflexible processes when involving stakeholders
Thank you for your attention!
Good luck with management planning!
„Challenges and Opportunities of Natura 2000 Management in Croatia“
30th October 2013
Hotel „Palace“, Zagreb, Croatia
Where there is a will there is a way, EEB 2011
Establishing conservation measures
for Natura 2000 Sites, EC 2013 (Final draft)