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Time Clauses

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by

Marco Torri

on 14 March 2017

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Transcript of Time Clauses

Time Clauses
When
When=at that time

WHEN
I
arrived
, he
was talking
on the phone.

WHEN
I
got
there, he
had
already
left
.

WHEN
I
was
in Chicago, I
visited
the museums.

WHEN
I
get up
(tomorrow), I
will start
my car.

Adverb Clauses

Adverb clauses are used to show relationship between ideas.
They show relationship of:
-Time
-Cause and Effect
-Contrast
-Condition
After
It's important to understand which is the first and the second action.

AFTER I
brush
my teeth, I
go
to school.
I
go
to school AFTER I
brush
my teeth.

AFTER she
graduates
, she
will get
a job.

AFTER she
had graduated
, she
got
a job.
Before
BEFORE I
go
to school, I
brush
my teeth.

I
brush
my teeth BEFORE I
go
to school.

I
will leave
BEFORE he
comes
.

I
had left
BEFORE he
came
.
(present simple- past progressive)
(present simple-present simple)
(past simple-past simple)
(past simple-past perfect)
(present simple-future simple)
(present simple-future simple)
(past perfect-past simple)
(present simple-present simple)
(present simple-present simple)
(future simple-present simple)
(past perfect-past simple)
While/As
While, as= during that time
-WHILE
I
was walking
home, it
began
to rain
.

-AS
I
was walking
home, it
began
to rain.
(past progressive-past simple)
By the time
BY THE TIME
he
arrived
, we
had

already
left
.
(past simple-past perfect)
BY THE TIME
he
comes
, we
will have
already
left
.
(present simple-future perfect)
By the time=one event is completed before another event. Notice the use of the past perfect and future perfect in the main clause
Since
Since=from that time to the present.
In the second example "ever" adds emphasis. Notice the use of present perfect in the main clause
I
haven't seen
him
SINCE
he
left
this morning.
(present perfect-past simple)
I'
ve known
her ever
SINCE
I
was
a child.
(present perfect-past simple)
Until/Till
Until/till=to that time and then no longer
(Till is used more in speaking than in writing).
We
swam

UNTIL/TILL
the sun
went
down.
(past simple-past simple)
As Soon As, Once
As Soon As, Once=when one event happens, another event happens soon afterward.
AS SOON AS
it
stops
raining, we
will leave
.
(present simple-future simple)
ONCE
it
stops
raining, we
will leave
.
(present simple-future simple)
As Long As, So Long As
As Long As, So Long As=during all that time,
from the beginning to end.
After
Before
When
While, As
By The Time
Since
Until/Till
As Soon As/Once
As Long As/So Long As
Whenever/Every Time
The First Time
The Last Time
The Next Time
I
will
never
speak
to him again
AS LONG AS
I
live
.
(future simple-present simple)
SO LONG AS
I
live
, I'
ll
never
speak
to him again.
(present simple- future simple)
Whenever, Every Time
WHENEVER
I
see
her, I
say
hello.
(present simple-present simple)
EVERY TIME
I
see
her, I
say
hello.
(present simple-present simple)
The First Time
THE FIRST TIME
(that) I
went
to New York, I
went
to an opera.
(past simple-past simple)
The Last Time
I
saw
two plays
THE LAST TIME
I
went
to New York.
(past simple-past simple)
The Next Time
THE NEXT TIME
I
go
to New York, I'
m going to see
a ballet.
(present simple-be going to)
Full transcript