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Ceramics I: Vocabulary

Ceramic vocabulary to go with the introduction information
by

Ann PerrySmith

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Ceramics I: Vocabulary

Construction:
1. Coil
...
IMPORTANT CERAMIC VOCABULARY WORDS
So you sound smart while you chat about clay
...
or coil built...when you roll out snake like worms of clay to build with
You might see the coils


or they might be blended together
and hidden
2. Pinch...
a simple pot made by pinching a ball of clay around and around in a circle
3. Slab...
building a piece of art from flat pieces of clay that are even thickness
check out our slab roller...
4.Throwing...
Anything created on the pottery wheel
Skills:
5.Wedge...
Kneading or mixing the clay to get out air pocket and make the clay an even consistency
Seashell...for when you are throwing on the wheel, creates a nice "cone" shape
Ram's Head...your all purpose wedge
6.Slip...
Clay glue, apply liberally when sticking two pieces of clay together
7.Score...
Scratching up the surface of two pieces of clay before adding slip, this really helps them stay together!
Descriptors:
8.Greenware...
clay that is dry, but has not been fired yet
usually looks light grey in color, like this;
9.Glaze...
a mixture of glass and chemical colorants that fuse to the bisqued clay when fired
Here are the jars of glaze in the back of the room...a lot to choose from!
10.KIln...
basically a large oven or furnace that the clay is fired in...super important part of the clay creation process!
these are the coils that heat the kiln, kinda like a giant toaster
11.Bisque...
-when a piece of pottery has been fired once and changed from clay into its rock like state
-goes from the grey color of greenware to the white color bisque is...like this;
12.Shards...
broken pieces of fired pottery
13.Grog...
ground up fired pottery, because it is already fired it doesn't shrink...so when added to clay it reduces shrinkage...you'll notice it in the clay we use!
14.Foot...
a ring or depression carved into the bottom of a piece of pottery
the foot keeps your pottery from rocking because it is resting on a single ring
15.Leather Hard clay...
clay that is firmed up enough to stand up, but still moist enough to slip and score pieces onto
Tools:
16.Loop Tool...
used to carved designs into the pottery or a foot into the bottom of a wheel thrown pot
17.Fettling Knife...
metal knife with a wooden handle, used to cut any kind of clay
18.Wooden Clay Knife...
wooden "knife" used to trim away clay from the base of pottery when it is wet on the wheel
19.Sponge...
it's a sponge, used to throw on the wheel, cleanup rough edges on pots, wipe away unwanted detail
kept by the sink!
20.Rib...
metal, wooden and plastic; used to shape on the pottery wheel and smooth off the wheel
21.Wire Cutter...
wooden handles with thin wire in between, easily cuts through sticky clay
22.Clean up tool...
used to carve and make design into leather hard clay
23.Needle Tool...
used to trim the top edge off an uneven pot on the wheel or measure the thickness of the base
24.Wheel...
tool that spins the clay while you center it, open a hole and then pullup walls...usually creating symmetrical pottery
You can find all these tools in room, just look in the drawers below:
Supplies:
25.Clay...
what we make our projects out of;
new boxed clay can be found in the cabinets...right here
clay that is dried out and needs to be recycled can be broken up and put into this recycling bin...
this black plastic disc is the bat, it goes on the wheel when you are throwing so you can take you pot off the wheel when you are done!
this is the splash pan, it is in two parts and tries to keep the water and muck off of you!
26.Plaster...
absorbs moisture from wet sloppy clay to make it workable again! there's a big slab of it in the back of the room....
27.Ware Boards...
boards to use when carrying big or flat projects
28.Paddles...
used to whack leather hard clay into a desired shape
29.Rolling pins...
when rolling out small pieces of clay; you don't always have to use the slab roller, ya know!
Full transcript