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5.3.6 Dictatorship Assignment Saddam Hussein

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on 17 July 2013

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Transcript of 5.3.6 Dictatorship Assignment Saddam Hussein

5.3.6 Dictatorship Assignment
Janaia

Saddam Hussein
born
April 28, 1937
died
December 30, 2006

Techniques to Maintain Control
Torture:
Saddam Hussein and his party were very violent and militaristic; they committed hundreds of murders and caused much harm to thousands of civilians.
One-party state:
Saddam Hussein used a form of government in which he only allowed one party, all opposition were killed.
Techniques to Maintain Control
Fear:
Dissent was not allowed as one would be tortured and killed; because of this no one spoke out against Saddam Hussein or the Ba'ath Party.
Secret Police:
Saddam Hussein had a secret police force that would capture anyone who spoke out against him or the Party. Due to this, people were scared to object or oppose Saddam Hussein as they would be subject to harm.
How Saddam Hussein's Leadership Effected
Individual Rights
and
Freedoms
Saddam Hussein
completely restricted
the rights and freedoms of his citizens.
Restrictions of rights are seen as both freedom of
press
and
speech
being taken away, with the use of the
military
and
secret police.

Also, people of other religions such as Shiite Muslims, were
tortured
and punished.
Saddam Hussein tortured,
raped
and
killed
thousands of his people- taking away their rights to safety and security.

His Rise to Power
Saddam Hussein was very involved with the
Ba'ath
Party, as his uncle was a member.
This party attempted many coups to gain control. After coming to power, Saddam Hussein was on the ruling Revolutionary Command Council.
For many years he was the power behind President Ahmed Hassan Bakr.
In
1979
, he became the head of state in Iraq.
'A European interviewer nervously quoted reports that Baghdad authorities might have
tortured
and
killed
opponents of the regime. Saddam Hussein replied "
Of course
, what do you expect if they oppose the regime?" He was very surprised by the question.'
Techniques to Maintain Control
Scapegoating:
Like Hitler, Saddam Hussein was anti-semetic, often blaming Jewish people for Iraq’s problems.
Personality Cult:
Saddam Hussein arranged for thousands of portraits, posters, and statues to be placed in Iraq, causing the Iraqi people to worship him as if he were a God. As the people viewed him as a God or idol, they tried to please him.

Techniques to Maintain Control
Show elections:
Saddam Hussein held two show elections while in power; one in 1995 and another in 2002. In the first “election,” he reportedly received 99.96% of the votes, and in the second he claimed he received 100% of the votes.
Nationalism:
Saddam Hussein created some nationalism in Iraq as he united the people by creating a common enemy-the West. Also, he used the military in attempt to expand Iraq to create a Pan-Arab state.

To What Extent did Saddam Hussein's actions reflect the Will of the People?
Saddam Hussein
tortured
and
killed
thousands of his people, he was extremely
militaristic
and focused more on expanding Iraq and making the country more known to the world than
helping
his people. Due to this, Saddam Hussein did not reflect the will of the people as he abandoned them and took away their rights.


“We strongly reject considering Saddam as a representative of any sect in Iraq because the tyrant only represented his evil soul,” the statement said.
-an Iraqi Official
To What Extent did Saddam Hussein Act for the Common Good of the Nation?
Though Saddam Hussein claimed to have brought prestige to Iraq, he also caused much harm to the nation.
Saddam Hussein tortured and killed thousands of citizens, and there are Iraqi citizens who still live in fear today.
He modernized Iraq by changing the economy, developing Iraq's oil supply, providing free education, and bringing electricity to much of the nation.
Though he improved the standard of living in Iraq, Saddam Hussein made the people of his country live in constant fear.
The gains he made compare in no way to the damage he created in Iraq.
Saddam Hussein committed many atrocities while in power and was a vicious dictator. The harm he created to not only his people but also the rest of the world will never be forgotten. We must learn from his horrendous example of leadership, to ensure oppressing regimes never gain power over a nation.
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