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Was World War 1 Justified?
Transcript of Was World War 1 Justified?
This was the spark that ignited the kindling,the enormous tension between the Allies and the Central Powers. Austria-Hungary proposed an ultimatum with Serbia but Serbia didnt agree to it. So they fought.
The foreign policies of the major European countries also caused a lot of tension. Was World War 1 Justifiable? Effects People started to let their opinion be known.
technology boomed, many new inventions were made, weapons were improved.
In order to pay back allies for money borrowed for the war effort, countries printed more money implementing inflation.
Poeple were mad at political leaders and lost their trust in them. People began to wonder why the war was fought at all. Important Events Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand - 28th June, 1914
Great Britain declares war on Germany - 4th Aug, 1914
Lord Kitchener calls for 100,000 men to join British army - 7th Aug,1914
First German aircraft shot down by allied plane - 5th Oct, 1914
Battle of Ypres - 15th Oct, 1914
Christmas Truce on the Western Front - 25th Dec, 1914, (Germans and British played football)
German gas attack at Ypres - 22nd April, 1915
Sinking of the Lusitania - 7th May, 1915
First Zeppelin raid on London - 31st May, 1915
First use of the tanks, in the Battle of the Somme - 15th Sept, 1916
United States declares war on Germany - 6th April, 1917
United States troops arrive in France - 25th June, 1917
British attack at Passchendaele - 12th Oct, 1917
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates - 9th Nov, 1918
Armistice - 11th Nov, 1918
Paris Peace Conference - 12th Jan, 1919
Treaty of Versailles signed - 28th June, 1919. In office Lenin instituted many changes, from the structure of the army to the ownership of land. The main reforms were:
Reformed the political system of the country - creating a socialist state.
Reformed land ownership, previously the peasants held land from aristocratic landlords - Lenin gave the peasants the land.Marxism-Leninism is (very simply) the belief that the state should own all the means of production The Bolshevik Revolution Lenin's Impact What Did Stalin Do? He called for the farms to be turned into collective farms and the farmers to work together workers.
He was portrayed as the wisest, most benevolent and courageous person - a new kind of person - Homo Sovieticus. Stalinput upstatues of himself teaching people how to grow crops, lead armies, and explaining complex engineering.
Used fear and propaganda to control people. Stalin rewarded those who honored him and killed off anyone who went against him in any way. Russia Under Communism The Soviets destroyed forever most of Russia's ancient religious heritage and killed many people because of their beliefs.
Had horrible agriculture (Stalin collectivised agriculture with the 5 Year Plan) and focused onmaximizing industry. By the 70's Soviet citizens began to see how much better off the rest of the world was. The Bolshevik Revolution not only took Russia out of the war within months, but it began the Communist movement which stayed for many years. Nationalist leaders in the collapsing Ottoman empire established the independent states of Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. After World War I, Germany lost its African colonies to Britain and France. Violent suppression and the slow pace of reform in the colonies led many Africans to agitate for independence. Mohandas Gandhi built a large movement for Indian independence through nonviolence. Rapid industrialization in Japan led to support for territorial expansion to improve Japan's access to raw materials and markets. After much fighting, China was led by Mao Zedong who supported a Communist government blended with Confucianism. Latin America was weakened by Great Depression and military leaders took over, promising better lifestyles and jobs to citizens.
Mexico was led by Lázaro Cárdenas who nationalized foreign-owned oil companies and redistributed land to Mexican peasants Rise of Facsism Italy Frequent riots and upheavals in factories weakened the Italian Government and gave Benito Mussolini a chance to take power. He formed the Facsist party in 1919 and gave his followers the name "camicie nere" (the Black Shirts) becasue of their black shirt uniforms. Mussolini improved many parts of Italian society such as the cultivation of more lands, improvements in the railway and road networks, irrigation of the marshes in Northern Italy, and more job oppurtunities. Mussolini wanted Italy to return to the glory of the old Roman Empire. He was all about military power and poured most of his resources into creating a vast army. Italy attacked and captured Abyssinia in England, leaving Britian and France a delicate decision of what to do with Italy since it was a big part of the League of Nations. So, economic limits were imposed on Italy leaving the crdibility of the League of Nations hurt, and Italians feeling incredible because of their victory in Abyssinia. Germany Germany had been defeated, but its politicians created the idea that they had been "stabbed in the back" by Jews and Communists who "betrayed" them. This was a great time of poverty in Germany and it's citizens were ready for revenge on the people that had humiliated them in front of the world. Adolf Hitler, with a background of a failed artistic career and poverty, used his public speaking skills to get the approval, respect, and loyalty of his country. unfourtunately, no one had given his book, Main Kampf (My Struggle) a second thought and followed Hitler's propaganda with a blindfold around their eyes. WWII Britain and france knew tht they were the only European countries strong to take on Germany and knew they needed another year of preparation before they felt ready to take Germany head on in total war, so to buy time they appeased it. Germany wanted revenge for it's defeat and was resentful to many European countries that took her land away and made her economically responsible for the damages of World War 1. Appeasement and Cause Epic Battles Battle of Iwo Jima - Iwo Jima was heavily fortified and resulted in one of the fiercest battles in the Pacific Theater Battle of Normandy - June 6, 1944 to July 24, 1944 - The Invasion of Western Europe by the Allied forces. Germany lost 216,000 men killed/wounded/captured and Allies lost 209,000 killed/wounded/captured. The D-Day Landing Fleet was the largest invasion in history Battle of Berlin - April 16, 1945 to May 7, 1945 - The 2nd most fierce urban warfare battle. Germany lost 200,000 killed and over 200,000 civilians killed and Soviet Union lost 600,000 men killed and wounded. Europe Under Nazis Asia Under Japan Hitler created many puppet government ruled by members of the Aryan race. Anyone who stood in his way would be tortured and/or executed, and any Jew, African American, or homosexual would be sent to one of the many concentration camps set up around Europe. Germany took over many countries using the successful tactic of Blitzkrieg, or lighting war in which the Germans would attack a country with such speed that the country would be disorganized and in such shock it would not have enough time to launch a counterattack. The Japanese set the self image of wanting to remove Western influences from its surrounding Asian countries. However once Japan gained the trust of these countries it attacked them, torturing, looting, and killing civilians in China, Malaysia, and other countries. Japan's real goal was to take over Asia. The Kamikaze were the Japanese pilots in World War II who made deliberate suicidal crashes into enemy targets, usually ships. These dedicated soldiers sank 34 ships and damaged hundreds of others; at Okinawa they inflicted the greatest losses ever suffered by the U.S. Navy in a single battle, killing almost 5,000 men. The Cold War The Cold War was the conflict between the Communist Nations led by the Soviet Union and the Democratic Nations led by the U.S.
They fought by all means, propaganda, economic war, diplomatic haggling and occasional military clashes. This was a war of power and an age of paranoia; each side was trying to out-invent the other. A great example would be the space race in which both side tried to advance their space programs more than the other. Is war justifiable? No, war is about who has the biggest guns, or who has the strongest navy. I think the only thing that would justify a country entering or declaring a war would be to protect themselves or prevent a larger fight. Pan-Arabism - Sharif Hussein ibn Ali sought independence for his people, Mashreq Arabs, from the Ottoman Empire. He made a deal with england and France that said if his people successfully revolted against the Ottomans, that SHarif's people could have their own land. the Mashreqs overthrew the Ottomans but didn;t get their end of the deal and got their land divided between France and England instead of one, Arab state. The Pacific - Iwo Jima Mussolini was important because his actions and inspired Hitler and made them allies. However Mussolini's military catastrophies led to Hitlers downfall by removing Nazi forces from Russia to help Italy in Greece.