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Atheism & Agnosticim

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imogen holbrough

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of Atheism & Agnosticim

Which is which...?
Someone who has form of
belief in the existence of God
(in a realist way).
Jung
Philosophical framework
A Posterior
,
Synthetic
,
Inductive
argument
- and all that that implies.
Marx
God is a human invention, created to satisy our emotional needs
Atheism & Agnosticism
Ability to define what it is we're talking about is VITAL!
You must be able to distinguish - and talk in a philosophically expert way - about the differences between atheism and agnosticism.

THEN be able to see what - in phil. terms are theists doing that distinguishes their position.
IDEA of God: Function of Religion
to give hope and moral support / guidance --> motivation for good works
to give purpose to life
a sense of security and sense of community (also consider charity)unifies society
to give justification for our actions --> possible moral code
to give an afterlife / justice --> reward & punishment
basis of authority

Based on
evidence from
our
experience

- with the strengths and weaknesses of that.
Does religion exist because God does or because religion serves important functions?
The existence of religion in today's society is
not
being questioned.
What is the status of religion and (the idea of) God? (Human creation? Corresponding to how things actually are?)
What is it possible to know, and how do we know what it is we claim to know? *
Note:
phil. is the search for certain knowledge!
An understanding of the difference between knowledge and faith is important.
Realism and Anti-realism are other Phil. ideas to consider!
I believe in God
I know there is a God
Theism:
Atheism:
I have no belief in God
I believe there is no God

I have no knowledge there is a God
I know there is no God
Agnostic:
I have no
knowledge
there is a God
I don't know if there is a God or not
It is not possible to know whether God exists or not
I don't know what it would take to perswade me that I know there is a God (or not)

I am open to the possibility that there might be a God, I simply have no knowledge to perswade me that there is.
Knowledge
Belief
Vs
Philsophically stronger because in the certain knowledge.
Verifiable
Might hold significance and meaning to the individual
Donovan's concept of 'Knowledge about' ultimately proves more worthy (philosophically speaking), this is in comparison to 'experience of' / belief in something.
Someone who
does NOT believe
in the existence of God.
Someone who is
uncertain
in their religious beliefs on the grounds of
probability
.
Most
philosophically sound
as the individual is in search for certain knowledge.
*Theism:
*Atheism:
Agnosticism:
There are alternative methods of reaching these functions. But they must try harder to achieve them!
Note:
put his ideas into the form of inductive arguments.
Use one or more of these statements. You will have to add your own stages to make complete arguments (this may be most of the statements!)
Humanity
created God; God
did NOT
create humanity.
Peoples' happiness requires the abolition of religion
Religion is a mechanism for class oppression.
Religion offers an illusion of escape
Religion eases pain but only by creating fantasies.
Religion is an alienating force.
Religion ascribes powers to God that rightly belong to people.
Social revolution will overthrow the ruling classes and liberate the masses.
Religion
Illusion: Allows for them to forget the terrible reality, they can then focus on hope to sustain them (while they wait for happiness of the afterlife).
Marx believed they should love one another, rather than God (who is of human constuct anyway and can't help)
Like Freud's parental figure theory.
Religion disguises peoples' real (unfair/unbearable) situation.
Religion is NOT needed in a communist society.
Peoples' alienation is not metaphysical nor religious but social and economic
Freud
Basic terms to understand the mind
The It


The I


The Over-I
id


ego


super-ego
unco-ordinated, instinctive trends, basic drives 'I want that', the pleasure principle (instant gratificiation)
organised, realistic self (tries to please the id) - balances force
concious awareness (tries to manage the id and super ego) - tad more mature
critical and moralising role (seeks perfection), ideals - in conflict with the id, and perhaps with the ego.
Freud's opinion of religion is incredibly negative.
He argued that God has no reality, and is
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