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AP Biology Macromolecules: SUCROSE

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Michael Crawford

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of AP Biology Macromolecules: SUCROSE

minerals to metabolize. Raise insulin levels.
Requires vitamins and Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF CARBOHYDRATES Categories Main source of energy.
Regulate blood glucose levels.
Cellular recognition. Functions Isomers Covalent: CHO share valence electrons to attain noble gas configuration. Bonding Molecular Formula Fresh fruit
Raw vegetables
Nuts
Dairy foods. Diet GOOD Processed foods/snacks.
Soft drinks.
Refine sugar. BAD DIETARY SPECIFICS Consensation reaction.
Starts as a glucose and fructose.
-OH is removed from fructose.
H is removed from glucose.
Those combine to form water.
-O- bond forms --> Glycosidic bond
Decomposition reverses the process.
In cytosol. Synthesis Structural Formula C12H22O11 Glucose Fructose Glycosidic Bond Palatinose Trehalulose Turanose Maltulose Leucrose Fructose and glucose. Building Blocks Cystallization
Solubility in water: 66.6g in 100ml. Other Properties CHEMICAL DETAIL Sucrose Application Citations ANIMAL RESEARCH
Tiger Stripes: individual identification.
Body size variations: climate adapatations.
9 subspecies includes Bengal and Malayan Tigers. Adaptations Diet: deer and wild boar.
Immediate energy for hunting.
Deer herbivores: sucrose obtain from plants.
Boar: omnivore-sucrose from various foods, including berries and grass. 1.5-2M yrs ago, first fossils.
Panthera: radiations from common ancestor.
Possible that tigers evolved from lions. Evolution High specific heat: climate moderation.
Hydrogen bonding adhesion allows for water transport throughout body. Water Application http://www.edinformatics.com/math_science/science_of_cooking/sucrose.htm http://www.livestrong.com/article/151766-chemical-properties-of-sucrose/
http://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=pdf&file=CRE2003037006410
http://users.bergen.org/dondew/bio/AnP/Anp1/AnP1Tri1/CARB_ART/SUCROSE_SYNTH/SucroseSynth.html
http://www.livestrong.com/article/142823-foods-containing-sucrose/ http://www.ehow.com/facts_5206706_foods-containing-sucrose.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3011937 Carbohydrates

Monosaccharides - Disaccharides - Oligosaccharides - Polysaccharides

Mono- and Di- are sugars

Disaccharides

Sucrose - Lactulose - Lactose -
Maltose - Trehalose - Cellobiose
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